Wen Xiang

Date of publication:2011-1   Press: Shandong Pictorial Publishing House   Author:Ye Lan   Pages:294  

leaf LAN Chengdu people, engaged in the Buddhist cultural planning, cultural renaissance is one of the China incense, the forerunner of be just unfolding in recent years at the same time, is also the Sichuan Ya Long Ya brand incense founder, now its mountain Zen culture studio, is committed to including Shannon Road, Zen culture finishing, exchange and promotion work. Once published "incense and monastic", "read the poem of incense" solution etc..
the author came into contact with the natural material from the religious flavor, from the mysterious fascinated, and then to begin to practice production, a broad range, which is from the point of view of religion, traditional culture, traditional medicine, the mysterious culture, philosophy, psychology and so on, to examine the incense road this unique art form, book in detail to clarify the incense road development vein, and the incense culture deep connotations, and the traditional Tibetan incense, incense, including traditional aromatherapy health, as well as the Japanese flavor and aroma therapy makes specific exploration.
Author brief introduction

Shannon road in the Middle East and South Asia emerged and developed in the Chinese former Spice period rich variety of spices, from the Han Dynasty, especially after Zhang Qian to the western regions, the silk road was opened, it appears that the Chinese foreign cultural unprecedented blend. With the increase in Chinese and Xiyu, Nanyang trade, exotic spices and India, Persia, Arabia, Europe and other parts of the incense culture into China. The Han Dynasty Yuefu poem: "Hu from where, what to nations, woollen blanket, Lianshan, rosemary, Iki Ka, Einar and Dou Liang." Woollen blanket to blanket, the latter four are sweet medicine. Ban Gu gave his brother ban Chao's letter said: "Dou Shizhong makes the carrier complex wire seven hundred feet, the horse city, storax." At that time the medicine is one of the main commodities of foreign trade of silk road. The Han nobility are obsessed with various spices, these novel incense, incense fragrance, chewing, lavender, contests, flaunt wealth. "Regulations" palace code system, and must carry incense: "Shangshu Lang Huai Xiang grip blue to go nobles." Cai matter "Palace" in the "instrument containing clove Fu Zou", then "containing clove", "fragrant" and even become the official generation means, Wang Wei's "chongchou yuan Zhonglang" in "what luck fragrant in extreme, how can not offer master well" is it is not difficult to understand. "There are about Shangshu Lang Lavender custom palace instrument", was specially used for aromatherapy baking clothing clothing exposures building, the first description of ancient palace maid in waiting all night nervous Lavender wrote: "the liquid like a hook, not help Tim fold Cui qiu. Burn two rows of red candle, a night in the clothing exposures floor." "Sweet" set: "gold 日禅 spectrum into the service, for clothes fragrant, since one sweet belt, the emperor Guo yue." "Zhao Feiyan biography" records, Zhao Feiyan bath from seven sweet soup. "Taiping Yulan" carrying Han Qin Jia to his wife: "a good letter to four, each a catty, can go to the dirty", "now in Musk a catty, can provide here". A pound today musk may seem alarming, but in general, sweet medicine at that time is very precious, empress Ma to establish thrift, had said: "we are the world mother, andThe services of training, live a simple life, but a silk cloth around, no fragrance of decoration, to body ratio also." ("after the Han Dynasty, empress, empress Ma Ji Ji") in the north and South Dynasty to Wei Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, incense is the nobles use. According to records of the rich ore 崇家 toilet "often has more than ten servants were listed, all have the appearance, a fried (incense, a perfume to [a] animal medicine and herbs Shen musk flowers can be made, the fat mouth and Fen Yan, also can be used as medicine) powder, aloes juice, there are users, both easy to dress out of shame, guest strip" ("Jin Shu Wang 敦传"). Once, usually austerity Shangshu Lang Liu Shi to Shi Chongjia, sitting on the toilet, thought that went into the house, "the toilet, see purple tent, mattress is Li, two maidservants hold sachet, this will retreat, laughed, Chong said: 'mistaken your inner ear.' Chong said: 'is the lavatory ear'. Ding said: 'poor not if.'" ("book of Jin Liu really Chuan"). General taxi doctor cannot so extravagant perfume, not to mention the civilians. "Tang Du Yang miscellaneous code" records: "every night before to Suiti, the hospital, set up dozens of volcano, vehicle submerged incense, burn incense every mountain, the number of cars....... In a frying the fertile, flame a few yards, fragrant smell the dozens of years, night, with aloes 200 by more than two hundred, a fried stone." So burning aloes, China history might not make second people want to. Most modern fragrance female means that will make people mistakenly think that men do a bit strange, but in ancient times, men do no wrong, but also good romantic embodied, and various natural fragrant material in odour perception and modern perfume was greatly different its interest. The Eastern Jin Dynasty's Xie Xuan would particularly like to wear violet sachet, his uncle Xie An fears the sap one's spirit by seeking pleasures, he skillfully sachet as gambling chips, Xie Xuan sachet win away and burned, Xie learned uncle painstakingly, never wear this kind of things, this story was as a historical some anecdotes. The Tang Dynasty according to the load when the Tang Palace blossom, with heavy tent blinds on the railing, the aroma is not scattered, known as "the fragrant". And fragrance, fleeting, don't always get compared, sweet medicine the advantages of long-term storage to meet the people longing for aroma. The use of the nobility of the perfume or incense material can be indulged in luxury, was developed and introduced can be used for various occasions incense: repression carpet in a corner of the heavy incense; duck shaped incense burner in the account incense; hanging in the carriage and the roof of incense ball; hidden in the sleeve and check all scented sachet and so on. According to the records of the Tang Dynasty emperor "the palace every desire line fortunately, namely first to borneol, Turmeric by", until the emperor, to cancel the routine. "Tiandu" Tang Xuanzong in the palace the long soup house dozens of, which is a large indoor hot spring, silver engraved paint ship and white fragrant wooden therein, oar oar is decorated with pearls and jade, soup with emeralds and clove, stacked in Yingzhou, Fang Zhang (the legend of the sea mountains). Kaiyuan, the palace became popular reward wood Peony (peony), Emperor Xuanzong and Yang Guifei in Aquilaria Pavilion admires the beauty of flowers, called Li Bai a poem, Li Bai was "Qing Ping three words". Song Tao Gu with "clear differences were recorded" volume download, Tang Jingzong uses dipterocarp, musk powder paper arrows, and concubines in Miyanaka Ra: "Baoli reign, Emperor (Tang Jingzong) paper arrow, bamboo leather bow, paper. The Dragon musk deer powdered incense, each palace and cluster, the emperor bow shoot. In the fragrant, contact, no pain. The Palace 'flow arrow', as the words said: 'flow arrow in everybody may'". Ning every talk, the aloes wood, musk chewing in the mouth, "Fang Kai mouth, aroma spray on the table". In December, the king will reward the subjects of various fragrant medicines, balsam, Zhang Jiuling "Xie Cixiang" powder fat table said: "one to give Chen Xiang Xuan Chi take sweet, fat face, small bulk and other drugs, with the sun and the moon light, cold shift Xuehai; Mu rain Ze, spring into the flower door......" The royal family so, rich, high-ranking scholar officials nature also cannot bear playing second fiddle, famous as Yang Guozhong's "four club", the pavilion "by Aloeswood Pavilion, sandalwood for the column, with musk, frankincense and mud decorative wall", even more than the palace in Aquilaria Pavilion more luxurious; Changan businessman Wang Yuanbao in bed pre wood carving the short boy two people, holding Boshan Qibao furnace, night incense; Liu Zongyuan received Han Yu's poem, "first rose dew by hand, smoked in the jade 蕤香, then read." Flow wind and, in the Tang Dynasty nobility in both men and women, stresses the fragrant lavender, sweet soup bath, and Liu Zhong Ying "clothes not incense", was as "self evidence in law". Exotic spice is also endowed with supernatural characteristic, all kinds of strange legends but also contributed to this trend: according to the load, Panyu broker Xu trial and "ship master Luo Ji" Xiangshan, parting, he donated three pieces of olecranon Luigi incense, can avoid epidemic disease, after Panyu, Xu trial family incense also, the fragrance is called "Giraud incense". Yang Pei Cochin China with the cicada silkworm form Rui dipterocarp, "aroma penetrating ten step", Emperor Xuanzong in leisure time and the prince imperial concubine in chess, the former Bureau of view, musician He Huaizhi in the side. ". The wind fell to the 怀智 Royal scarf scarf, Huai Chi home, feel full of aroma abnormal, then head of Fu in the kit, years later, still vigorous aroma. Qibao Bunian Tang Yi's daughter Princess Tongchang ride, Nian four angle decorated with colored Kam sachet, filled with incense, incense, evil Rui Lin Jin Fengxiang, are foreign into the tribute, which also mixed with Borneol scrap. Tongchang Princess each time rides the foot travel, all the streets remain. When a group of dignitaries children to Guanghua Qi ting to buy drinks, suddenly asked each other: "let's sit here, even to the aroma? But this fragrance too strange?" Servo table one said: "this is not a dipterocarp?" Another said: "not, when I was young concubine palace affairs, often smell the incense. Don't know today is what reason smell here." So, he asked when the clay liquor, liquor said: "Chang Princess walk and husband, for drinks here in my dress." They let the liquor will dress out of view, and exotic fragrance was sent from the clothes, all with rare. Xiantong period (860 ~ 874), the prime minister Cui Anqian to the Yang Shou home, see the living room desk, lead a censer, smoke out into Taiwan Pavilion like. But Cui Anqian caught another aroma, "not smoke furnace and pearls and jade owner", different from the incense and women wearing perfume, abnormal strong, so Cui Anqian four Gu Wang, unidentified so, Yang Shou looked at it, ask the reason, told his servants from Hall East ask children in golden thread on the case, "take a white angle the dishes,A paint containing balls. A Cui said: 'kitchen bin China incense.'" Cui Anqian was very surprised. "His memoir" on the record object's contribution in kitchen things headdress flower, the number of its dissemination of fragrance in the inner can smell, it is said Yang Shou kitchen bin China incense, fragrant flowers often mentioned in one of the Buddha and Buddhist scriptures in the flower is also the matter. Smoked cage is covered on the incense burner on the cage, the clothing on top in order to affect aroma, can be covered on the stove drying or heating. Reflect the Chancery life poems often mentioned smoked smoked cage cage, the warm warm memories but are highlights the larger drop snub concubines sad, such as Yi's "after the official word from": "tears wet Luo 巾梦 not late, QianDian by singing. Confidante not old well first off, reclining smoked cage sitting in Ming dynasty." Wang Changling's "long letter autumn poems": "smoke cage jade no color, lying to Minamimiya Kiyo leakage length." Li Yu "Xie Xinen": "cherry blossoms fall order before the month, like bed sorrow lean smoked cage." Wait. Wen Tingjun's "Qing Pingle" "Feng Yuan is only account smoked, lonely flowers lock thousands of door", is a hopeless waiting in vain. Japan is now the spice and similar shelf for a lavender clothing. Incense and incense in the description of palace noble life poetry always mentioned, not to mention is not enough to show opulent, nor sufficient background behind the bustling no distraction of xianchou. The lavender smoked furnace with Tang Dynasty, also has to the Japanese Imperial family. Known as the Museum of the shosoin imperial objects that have spherical silver made of hollow carved smoked furnace, the semi open closed, built-in ash tray, incense in by horizontal mattress, smoked clothes, should be the "notes Xijing" called "horizontal mattress incense": "Changan skillfully Ding corrosion, and horizontal mattress incense ball, a censer in, the real wind, the law, to slow start again, as the machines ring transport around the furnace body, and Changping, can be arranged in sheets, so that name. Now the incense ball." The shosoin is hidden and silver smoked copper with the shape of a furnace fume furnace. "Clear differences were recorded, fumigating burning incense," records, Tang Zhongzong, Zong Chuke brothers, Ji, Wu Sansi and the Queen's office at the relatives Quan Chen hold ya, "the articles of incense, a quality, a bucket incense". The same data also appear in Zhou Jiazhou "fragrance by" volume eleven, as to how to fight the fragrance, no further explanation. It is particularly worth mentioning is, specifically for the product aroma of incense appeared, which marked the incense from the auxiliary product life accessories and ascetic, began to rise as an art. And the corresponding fire incense method are also popular: not directly lit incense, the incense burning carbon special buried in ash, ash surface the silverleaf, mica or small tiles, and the fragrant incense on it, to heat the fragrant incense, the no fire and smoke, the fragrance more pure, soothing long. The method of Li Shangyin's song "incense burning incense" in "the beast flame red across the mica" refers to.
Catalogue of books

The inheritance and development of Nara period of Xiang Dao Xiang Dao in Japan form the incense road Xiang Dao the birth and the development of China former Spice period after the incense Road (710 ~ 794), balance era Heian Era (794 ~ 1192) Kamakura Muromachi (1192 ~ 1333) (1333 ~ 1467), Dongshan Era the Warring States period (1467 ~ 1573), Azuchi Momoyama (1573 ~ 1603) times the Edo period (1603 ~ 1867) modern Dao Xiang Dao apparatus and operation procedure of incense in Chan nasal root Yuantong Famennian incense and incense and meditation to the cultivation of song with fragrant origin of Buddhism and fragrant incense Ford causes supplies more use of Taoist cultivation and traditional Chinese medicine health incense Chinese ancient with fragrant custom Taoist Yang Lian incense health incense Esoteric Buddhism, alchemy and aromatic therapy of Esoteric Buddhism and fragrant alchemy and aromatherapy incense and Feng Shui fortune mind and environment how to use perfume to dissolve the bad environmental impact of tea a fragrant medicine aloes, aloes and religious TCM aloes aloes pros and grading aloes temperament Tan incense sandalwood and religion in traditional Chinese Medicine On the classification of sandalwood sandalwood sandalwood temperament Cheng Xianxiang physicians on ambergris ambergris ambergris musk musk grade temperament and religious TCM musk musk musk temperament Styrax benzoin and identification of Chinese medicine Styrax benzoin religious grade benzoic temperament Long Naoxiang dipterocarp and religious TCM dipterocarp dipterocarp classification and grade of dipterocarp temperament clove clove and clove clove religious TCM differential clove temperament of Mu Xiang Mu Xiang and Mu Xiang Mu Xiang on religion of TCM temperament rosemary rosemary and religious doctors on rosemary rosemary temperament roses roses and religious TCM temperament of @##@ postscript Small 野语 Lu lady perfume murder play an interesting role, and began to read it, I can't believe this is Japan's Heian era works, because it feels too modern, or say, it writes about flavor too much like modern aromatherapy books, it completely different from traditional China or Japanese incense road impression, overturned my prior to the understanding of regional schools incense stereotype impression, it reminded me of the application of aromatic plants originated in ancient Egypt, the idea that I was shocked, however, is the idea that, across Asia, Europe, Africa and the three continents with fragrant history in my mind like a block. Had sunk in the sea surface in the water again......
Chapter excerpt

Sweet ten de: a sense of lattice ghosts, quiet mind, can remove dirty, can sleep sleep, static dust into a friend, fly, and tire, widowed and foot, hide the immortal, often without obstruction. -- (song) Huang Tingjian flavor can touch your heart more than the sound and sight. -- (English) ask the tree Kipling four line, on one or two head incense burner in the two table, incense burner is once set off a pound of incense, aroma scattered people, like a man in a floating sweet world. -- (day) "Taiping" he knew, in the sense of life there must be mind counterpart, the real relationship also allow yourself to explore the two, and guess: what is the composition of the frankincense, will become the mysterious, ambergris arouse arouse passion, violet romance, musk call. Confused. -- (English) Wilde
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User reviews
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