Along with the University of general education, the knowledge on specialization for features, started to break the boundaries of the subject, for all the students open, history is no exception. About 10 years ago, the school history started with basic course for the liberal arts, in recent years the course even rise to a kind of platform class level. The so-called class platform class, is facing the school any professional all undergraduate courses. One of the authors of the opening of the "history of the world civilization theory" is one such course. A time course, the very people who, though the courses offered once a year, but each time the enrollment has reached the required number limit. In the past two years in order to meet the needs of students in course selection, the Department added a teacher a parallel course opened, but still can not fully meet the requirements of the course students. Visible, such courses are very popular with the students.
The book of the ascent of mankind's prehistoric culture, contemporary civilization so far, will long time complex civilization content concentration in an organic framework, the history of depth and richness. This book by featured series, and objective form, highlight the development of human civilization and the rhyme and rhythm. In the book "made up" from the longitudinal angle show civilization from one epoch to another process; "speak" and "eye" is from the horizontal angle extract can best represent the characteristics of the times. Civilization elements, arranged in a crisscross pattern and coordination, outline the body of human civilization stereo image. This book is based on lectures "over the course of world civilization" experience, give full consideration to the characteristics of curriculum teaching and the needs of the students, the mixed idea and clue by cutting out the superfluous, the main cultural content Weiweidaolai, both draw, draw a clear cultural context, and provides abundant knowledge of history. This book is suitable as a basic course in University of Arts and general education curriculum, but also as a history major students reading books. At the same time, the general history lovers, is a very good introductory book.
Zhao Lihang, doctor of history, Professor of history at the Fudan University, doctoral tutor. Mainly engaged in "the course of world civilization" teaching and medieval European history. The representative works "is formed of the merchant class transformation and Western Europe society" (Chinese Social Science Press, 2004), academic representative: "religious and secular balance and mutual restraint: Italy humanist religion" ("historical research"), "the western scholars" ("the Black Death historical research") etc..
The rise and fall of the preface human origin of human civilization first series debut in Mesopotamia. 1 the change of the kingdom of 2 "the epic of Gilgamesh" 3 "code of Hammurabi" interpretation of the 4 Bessis Don inscription tell Pharaoh of Egypt 1 second "historical rings 2 Nile donated 3 Sun God and Pharaoh 4 afterlife worship culture 5 hieroglyphs interpretation in India: the glorious fourth Buddhist hometown 1 out of 2 Aboriginal civilization" Veda "reflect the Aryan civilization 3 nations dispute and Buddhism was founded 4 Peacock Dynasty and Buddhism spread in 5 unique poem and second Western Classical Civilization: the source of Greek civilization of Europe 1 archaeologists and early civilization 2 epic" Homa "the 3 Athens and Sparta in the Peloponnesian War 5 4 6 of Alexander the great of wisdom: Fifth Rome 4 Rome rise rise to dominate the world empire 1 expansion of the Republic of Rome 2 Caesar and Octavius 3 the 5 Rome culture celebrities and third medieval" dark "sixth civilizations in the world fusion of 1 East 2 Rome survived 3 Christian into the barbarian Kingdom 4 Islamic 5 Gallo Lin Wen arts complex Xing 6 manor economy mode seventh times of faith 1 political struggle 2 monastic life 3 scholastic philosophy 4 heresy and inquisition eighth stage social 1 Knights of the 2 Crusade 3 World Business and the revival of the city 4 fourth fifth transformation of European Society for revolution in sixth series of social development and war come and seventh new order and new crisis eighth civilization has withstood the test of final instalment towards a multipolar world
4 希斯敦 inscription about 3100 BC, the Sumerians to create the text originally in mesopotamia. This text was originally some graphic symbols and the real need for record, the so-called hieroglyphics. Writing tools are made of clay mud version, reed cutting Ruifeng, depicting the writing on clay tablets. In accordance with the initial from top to bottom, from right to left order vertical line. By 3000 BC, damaged to make writing clearly and avoid has written text, writing method instead of run left to right. In order to avoid making a point not neat uplift in the painting over wet clay, he changed to a triangle theory, on clay tablets out of vertical, horizontal and diagonal symbols. Such written graphics is wedge-shaped, properties of pictograph has therefore changed, become the cuneiform. The original graphic characters have many limitations, can only express some specific things, unable to express the abstract concept. Motivated by the practical need, hieroglyphs gradually become ideographic symbols. As the representative of "export" symbols are used to represent the verb "said". However, there is such a change, and many ambiguous concept. Such as the representative of "foot" symbol, but also said that "Li" or "line". To avoid confusion, and the emergence of phonetic symbols, in front or behind the phonetic symbols and the last qualifying symbol, can be clear and complete meaning. The original pictograph basically is the object's prototype, is expressed in cattle and sheep, grain and property of a class of things. With further development, not just things like hieroglyphics map, also can represent language. Cuneiform created, is widely used in social life. The Acard era, with the cuneiform Akkadian writing not only more and moreField of application, and growing up. The rise of Babylon and the Assyrian Empire, position the text in the Mesopotamian culture more to improve. It not only records the specific things, also widely recorded religion, technology, history, literature, law, etc.. 2000 BC in the mid-1990s, cuneiform became the international diplomatic language system. However, with the decline of Mesopotamia civilization, cuneiform also become no reading the text, is a long-term historical Ping not. @##@
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