Cao Xing, 1986 Graduate School of Jilin University, master of philosophy. After teaching at China Youth University for Political Science, from 1994 to 2003, in the national China Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences, in 1997 was named associate research fellow. The publication of monographs, CO authored more than ten, published nearly 100, CO authored more than ten, published nearly 100, the total number reached about 2000000 words. "Access to the wisdom of the arts", "young anthropology" monograph won the national excellent credentials award. 1995 to participate in the China second national survey, as "one of the main authors Lahu roll". Anthropology, ethnology, law, religion. Academic pursuit: to "Alpine printing, Kageyuki behavior, although not reference to, or sth" for academic mind, to unify the scientific philosophy and mining for academic kinetic energy.
Digest seventh round, Tenth Century foreign Tamils had left the island its territory was incorporated into the chola kingdom. 947 - 993 years, south of India, another Tamil chola Kingdom established, conquered another Tamil king 国粲 bottom. Zhu Luoren in order to seize the throne ascended the treasure expedition to Sri Lanka, the part and the chola empire. 958 years, the Sinhala King revoke the commander in chief of Tamil mercenaries, and then commander in chief is the suppression of local rebellion. The commander in chief of Tamil mercenaries to stop counter insurgency, turned against the king. During this period, foreign Tamil forces from weak to strong. The eighth round, Eleventh Century is the Sinhalese and Tamils in conflict prevailed era. In 1017, Zhu 罗人 and the Tamil United overcome Lu called nano, nano dynasty built the ramba thoroughly disintegrated, Tamil and ruled the island for 77 years. During this period, the Tamil immigrants began to mass migration of people, forming a large Tamil settlements in the Jaffna Peninsula and the Northeast coast. In 1070, the Sinhalese defeated Tamil, recover the capital of Anuradhapura, rule the country. Until 1110 1111, no large-scale invasion of the island in the southern India tamils. The ninth round, 14 to fifteenth Century is the Sinhalese and the North South confrontation period. About fourteenth Century, the Tamils of southern India the establishment of the kingdom of Jaffna in the northern part of the island, the island is divided into two different ethnic groups living areas, the Sinhalese North South confrontation began. In 1335, the Sinhala Dynasty divided kingdom and central Roy Gamo mountain west coast of Gumboro Kingdom, and Northern Tamil kingdom of Jaffna, the island is in the three kingdoms. Before and after 1360, the northern Tamils have economic privileges in southern Sinhalese area for 10 years. At the beginning of fifteenth Century, the Sinhalese established Kandy Dynasty in the South after the invasion, repeatedly beat South India tamil. Before and after 1476, Jaffna's Tamil stage a comeback, the island and the emergence of the Sinhalese North South confrontation. The Sinhalese two family in this conflict in 1800, after nine round, although the Sinhalese basically occupy the dominant position, but the Tamils from southern India to gradually penetrate into Sri Lanka, eventually in the early fourteenth Century, late fifteenth Century twice and Sinhalese formation of North South confrontation. The Sinhalese have always failed in this 1800 year history comprehensive dominance. In this 1800, the Thai conflict trend roughly three stages: the first stage, namely after third Century BC to 433 years more than 700 years, is the Sinhalese occupies the absolute dominance of the stage. At this time, not only foreign Tamil forces are still very small, the number of domestic few tamil. From 103 BC to 89 BC decades, Tamil power has been enhanced, but also failed to go halves on a fifty-fifty basis and Sinhalese. The second stage, 433 to 833 years, is the absolute dominant Sinhalese began to shake period. The Sinhalese faces from two aspects of internal and external Tamil infestation. On the one hand, foreign Tamils started toward prosperity, have the ability to carry out large-scale invasion of Sinhalese, began to threaten the Sinhalese in Sri Lanka's rule, the Sinhalese Dynasty change dynasties. But in the meantime, also did not shake the Sinhalese in Sri Lanka's absolute advantage. On the other hand, the domestic crown internal Tamils began to reign penetration. Northern Tamils to challenge the southern Sinhalese Kingdom, forcing the Sinhalese taken appeasement of Huairou domestic Tamil policy. The third stage, during the 833 years to 1505, Tamil and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka be well-matched in strength period. In the meantime, the Sinhalese forces from strong to weak, foreign Tamil forces from weak to strong, so the Tamil to Sinhalese invasion increased, and in tenth Century the island territory and people in the chola kingdom. TammyI finally to eleventh Century prevailed, the ramba build nano Dynasty thoroughly disintegrated, and ruled the island for 77 years. Then the Tamil immigrants began large-scale immigration, forming a large Tamil settlements in the Jaffna Peninsula and the northeast coast, from 14 to fifteenth Century the Sinhalese North South confrontation. In sixteenth Century, Sri Lanka with the colonization of the Western powers and naturally into the colonial era. The fourth chapter of the colonial era "divide and rule" (1505 - 1948) in the colonial era, because of the Thai group two facing a common external enemies (colonists), can unite together against a common enemy, so two people tended to moderate the relationship. The colonists before the invasion, Sri Lanka is be split state situation, mainly to present the tripartite confrontation pattern: the north is the Tamil kingdom of Jaffna, the Southern Highlands is Sinhalese kingdom of Kandy, southern lowland is the Sinhalese - kingdom. Because the north and South have a difficult passage of the natural barrier, little connection between the Tamil and Sinhalese Kingdom kingdom. Even during the Portuguese and Dutch rule also failed to break the isolated state. After the British occupation of the island in eighteenth Century and established a centralized. Sri Lanka finally into the same political system, so the India classical civilization edge regions are involved in the colonial era. The colonial period in mainland, Sri Lanka Sinhalese conflict slowed down, instead of coastal areas has become non ground, the relationship between the Sinhalese and the moors become the primary focus during the ethnic conflict in Sri lanka. A, Sri Lanka's historical home season, the Portuguese colonial Portuguese colonial rule in the island is divided into three periods, namely from 1505 to 1551, 1551 to 1597 and from 1597 to 1658. The great geographical discovery, Westerners called is the beginning of the era of globalization. Specifically, after fifteenth Century, the westerners for the wealth of the Orient, open up nautical boom. In early sixteenth Century, Portugal became a strong European maritime powers, occupy the advantage in the eastern hemisphere. In 1510, they occupied the India Peninsula southwest coast, soon took control of the Red Sea and the Persian gulf. In 1511, they gain a firm foothold in the Malacca peninsula. This means that the Portuguese occupied the strategically vital India ocean, the actual control of the sea lanes of the west to east. In early 1505, the Portuguese fleet invaded Sri Lanka Colombo port. They were the Maldives islands direction pursued the pirates, a storm in India ocean, the West Bank was forced to stop in Sri Lanka Colombo port. Local residents were not aware of the Portuguese people in the future will become your enemy, so very friendly to the Portuguese, the supply of their food, they also help. Despite this. The Portuguese and Kandy rulers signed the first unequal trade treaty. After signing the contract, they returned to India, 13 years are not to Sri lanka. At that time, the Portuguese did not estimate the importance of geographic position to Sri lanka. India area of Goa King appealed to them: "we think, where should your supervisor di (referring to Sri Lanka one one cited note), because you will clearly at all events center, your arrival will give us strength and your staff with great authority." However, when Sri Lanka did not become the focus of attention in the portuguese. In 1518, consisting of 19 warships of the Portuguese fleet, landing in colombo. They were transported to the building materials, there are 700 armed soldiers and construction workers, forcing the Kandy rulers agreed to build the fort. Since then. 150 years of Portuguese began to notice.......
Introduction: in the perspective of anthropology monk Thai conflict first monk Thai conflict. The first chapter reviews the history of the Sinhalese and relationship with the Sinhalese first rise in chapter second, one thousand four hundred years of conflict in Chapter third Sinhalese Jaffna's establishment and the Sinhalese and two families of North South confrontation of fourth chapters of the colonial era "divide and rule" the fifth chapter contemporary monk Thai conflict of non violent stage sixth chapter of contemporary Sinhalese violence in the seventh chapter the turn of the century monk Thai conflict chapter eighth century monk Thai conflict second monk Thai conflict theory Revelation chapter ninth Sinhalese historical summary: relationship between the Sinhalese and conflict in the "tigers" the fourteenth chapter to India civilization the edge effect tenth chapter of contemporary Sinhalese conflicts and India related chapter eleventh India and Sri Lanka religious belief in the history of the brake the twelfth chapter cross-border ethnic problems and conflicts between the thirteenth chapter Sinhalese Sinhalese and the essence of the conflict analysis of the fifteenth chapter solves the conflict of the Sinhalese way appendix related major historical events of postscript @##@ references This book examines the relationship between the Sinhalese and two thousand years of history and the condition of Sri Lanka's colonial era, tracked for more than half a century of contemporary Thai conflict. Based on analyzing the history and the reality the Sinhalese and conflict research, using multidisciplinary theories and methods, the reason, the monk relations in the future, analyze the profound and comprehensive theory.
Postscript of the book China Academy of Social Sciences, the Institute of Ethnology and anthropology supported by the key project. Originally I intended to write 10 words to report results of a job. But I am in the process of research, found a lot to be further research and development issues, such as the marginal culture effect of anthropological questions, the coexistence of global integration and national multivariate problems, ethnic and religious problems, a series of problems of national interpretation of human nature, has been far beyond (but included in the nation in the world) the case study category. After that, I decided to locate the standard research referred to a new height, not only it made about the relationship between the Sinhalese and the first book, and do everything I can to make data contain the most complete, multidisciplinary methods, theoretical digging deep, case concentrated global a monograph. So, I put forward such a scholarly pursuit in this book: "greatly, Kageyuki behavior, although not to, or sth '' for the academic mind, the harmony of science and philosophy of empirical mining for academic kinetic energy. In order to reach this standard, I paid a lot of effort, to accumulate the data searched the National Library, in order to abstract theory moderate spent many sleepless nights. Of course, the book also has some shortcomings, such as after the research through the vast sea of books, for the Sri Lankan Sinhalese conflict prediction is not accurate, but the blame to the many variables in history. Although I pay a lot, but I still very far distance requirements. If this book made some achievements, it is inseparable with the help of many experts: Mr. Hao Shiyuan inspired I can in south of Sri Lanka Sinhalese and conflict studies as a breakthrough: the nation in the world of Ge 公尚 expert Mr. Zhu Lun, this book has put forward many constructive; South India research experts Mr. Wang Shuying is the book also put forward some valuable opinions; in some point Mr. Zheng Yuzhong Sri Lanka Sri Lankan life research experts worked many years with primitive Buddhism, for I enlightened; book editor Ms. Fu Zhaoxia refine on work style, so I was touched. In this regard, to offer my sincere gratitude. Cao XingJune 16, 2003 in Beijing
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