Author: Benedict (USA) translator: Yan Rong Jiang Bo Benedict is a famous contemporary USA cultural anthropologist, ethnologists, poet. Born in New York in June 5, 1887, the original name was Fulton (Fulton), two of his father, whose ancestors had participated in the American war of independence. In 1909 graduated from the university period tile Saar college, majoring in English literature, a bachelor's degree in literature. In 1910 after returning to Europe, taught at a California high school for girls. Back to New York in 1914. Entered Columbia University in 1919, studied cultural anthropology America father boas specializing in cultural anthropology, received his Ph.D. in 1923. After school, he worked as lecturer, associate professor and Professor, from 1936 onwards acting director of the school's Department of anthropology. Study on 1927 Indian tribal culture, written as "cultural type" (Patterns of Culture, a book published in 1934). In 1940 the "race: Science and politics" (Race:Science and Politics), critical race discrimination. Study on Romania, Holland, Germany, Thailand and other country of nationality in the period between the second world wars, and to research in Japan, namely "the chrysanthemum and the sword" a Book of the biggest achievement.
The copyright page: like bath, sleep, eating is not only a kind of free entertainment, but also a strengthening hard training. As a kind of leisure etiquette, Japanese immersed in endless a meal, people take one teaspoonful once food, and the color and flavor of praise. But the emphasis of training at other times. Said a Japanese village like a quote, "fast eat fast, which together form the Japanese highest virtues" "eat not regarded any meaningful action,...... Food is necessary to maintain life, therefore, it should be possible for a transaction short. Children, especially boys, unlike in Europe to persuade him to try to eat slowly, but urged him to eat as fast as some." In the Buddhist temple, the monks are subject to discipline restraint, they asked them to remember that the food is a kind of medicine in the grace; it means that the practice his people should turn to food as a pleasure look down on some, but it only as a necessary. According to the Japanese concept, was forced to quit eating is a particularly good test enough fortitude. Like the hot water bath and sleep, no food is that an individual can endure the pain of opportunity, as the Samurai "with toothpicks". If a person had no food that test, his strength will increase because of the spiritual victory, but not because of the lack of calories, vitamins and decreased. Japanese does not recognize the nutrition and physical Americans on the body of the one one corresponding hypothesis. Therefore, during the war, Tokyo station to people in the shelter shelter do gymnastics can make the hungry people strong and to make it be full of go. Romantic love is another kind of "Japanese culture". It is native Japanese, regardless of which they form of marriage and family obligations to conflict. Their novels are full of this kind of theme, as in French literature, the main characters are married. Love is a matter of reading and talking love theme. Tenth Century "the tale of Genji" is a film about the romantic love of good novels, and any great novel any country has written the world as great warriors, famous and feudal love story also has such a romantic quality, which is the main theme of modern novels, this is great and China literary difference. Chinese through inhibition of romantic love and sexual enjoyment to save a lot of trouble, so their family life very steady.
The chrysanthemum and the sword first chapter topic: Japan chapter second Japanese War of third chapters each with respect to its fourth chapter Meiji negative en fifth chapter of history and society in the sixth chapter the seventh chapter is the most difficult to bear million reward eighth chapter to ninth chapter unsullied reputation human circle the tenth chapter virtue predicament eleventh chapter twelfth chapter self cultivation children learn the thirteenth chapter surrendered Japanese Bushido since the first chapter as a moral system in the second chapter the origin of the Bushido third chapter fourth chapter Yong — — fearless, strong chapter fifth kernel — — sorrowful hidden heart sixth chapter seventh chapter eighth chapter honor ceremony - Chapter ninth chapter tenth Samurai education loyalty the eleventh chapter &mdash system the thirteenth chapter knife self-restraint twelfth chapter Dutch act and revenge; — Bushido sixteenth chapter bushido spirit fourteenth chapter of female education and status of the fifteenth chapter, the seventeenth chapter is alive the future Japan on the first chapter Chinese study Japanese issues necessary to the second chapter religious superstition and Japanese state system third chapter divine emperor ideas and thoughts of divine rights era of the fourth chapter and fifth chapter of the feudal system of Buddhist thought of feudalism Degree and social class in Chapter sixth Japanese and Japanese civilization seventh chapter and eighth chapter Samurai Bushido life in feudal times, “ ” &rdquo and “ people; nature ninth: “ zunwangrangyi ” and “ the tenth chapter ahead ” “ &rdquo and “ the chaebol warlords; ” formation the eleventh chapter main origin of restoration success of He Zaidi chapter twelve modern ruling class beginning chapter Thirteenth Party generates fourteenth chapter Itagaki taisuke fifteenth chapters nationalism and militarism in Japan Japan's sixteenth chapter militarism actual chapter seventeenth? Day international relations with Japan southing north two policy eighteenth chapter nineteenth chapter twentieth chapter of Katsura Taro Akiyama Zhenno yesterday, the twenty-first chapter. Today the twenty-second chapter Tanaka general belief in the veracity of the twenty-third chapter beautiful national twenty-fourth Zhang Shangwu, peace and virtuous life Japanese introduction the first chapter some natural conditions the second chapter some historical stories in Chapter third, Emperor Meiji fourth chapter change champions fifth chapter natural cracks sixth chapter seventh chapter 'Ideological and political the eighth chapter ninth chapter tenth chapter of financial and economic diplomacy spirit The eleventh chapter on the weakness of golden age over twelfth chapter conclusion: and the people of Japan and Japanese author editorial preface chapter civilization nature second chapters about the third chapter, the fourth chapter judo tomorrow far east a conservative fifth chapter one attempts to realize the interpretation of sixth Zhang Qihuan and magic seventh chapter chapter eighth on ninth women about religion chapter eternal of ancestor worship tenth chapters about the concept of the soul? Civilization outline biography preface chapter discuss the establishment of standard of second chapters: Chapter third objectives of Western civilization on the meaning of the fourth chapter of the civilization of virtue and wisdom of national (on) the fifth chapter discusses the moral and intellectual National (lower) the sixth chapter on morality and the seventh chapter wise difference space eighth of chapter ninth on the origin of morality of Western civilization? On Japanese civilization origin tenth chapter @##@ on Japanese The chrysanthemum and the sword the complete Benedict waiting "(super Platinum Edition)" is a part of the Japanese and Japanese culture book collection, included "the chrysanthemum and the sword", "Bushido", "Japan", "Japanese", "Japan and Japanese", "outline of civilization" six masterpieces to understand the Japanese culture, is the most authoritative and most comprehensive reading, template is insight into Japanese national character. "The chrysanthemum and the sword collection (super Platinum Edition)" in Jimei, Japan, scholars of the six classics in an in-depth interpretation, characteristics of the Japanese national spirit, comprehensive analysis of Japanese origin rise. Let us not only to understand the neighbors, to learn from the experience and lessons of success, japan. "The chrysanthemum and the sword" is the analysis of Japanese culture and Japanese national spirit, character of the works. It is American famous anthropologist Benedict in 1944 for the wartime government decision to write a reference, political and academic tension, conducts the research to the Japanese culture in order to provide the help and the scientific basis for making policy to Japan, be regarded as Japan's most insightful study of the works, is recognized as essential reading to understand japan. "Bushido" is well defended Japanese first generation students Niiwatabe Ina made in 1899 by the Japanese national spirit of bushido. Called &ldquo in Japan; the flowers of evil, ” is a Japanese bushido spirit interpretation of works, the book is the foreign study of readers and Japan issues in-depth understanding of Japan, Japan's national spirit, to explore the cultural tradition and ethnic characteristics of mortar must read classic, it also opened Japan to become the militarism and economic power the secret. "Insight into Japanese theory" is the patriarch Dajta 1928 on modern Sino Japanese enmity, is a politician's handwriting, is regarded as one of the three works on Modern Japanese civilization. Japanese scholars claim that: “ foreigners study in Japan, "Japan" is the Pearl and jade, even above the "chrysanthemum and the sword". ” "Japanese" is eight years at the beginning of the war, a soldier, Chinese Japanese son-in-law Jiang Baili wrote the media text, a paper, known as the “ paper elastic ” anti Japanese strategy, can be regarded as a prophecy in the book; the infiltration of Japanese philosophy: it, defeat, is not the same he make peace. "Japan and Japanese" Koizumi's cloud eight masterpieces, Koizumi eight cloud is famous in Japan, he to East-West control perspective study Japanese and Japanese culture, especially from psychology, philosophy of anatomy of Japanese whole inner life; from the Japanese internal and external, history and society, each aspect of psychology and ethics, national characteristic description of japan. "Outline of civilization" is a far-reaching impact on Japanese are on modern road works, it stands to get rid of ruin the state and destroy the race destiny, how to take the historical angle of modernization in Japan, to the human civilization are compared and discussed. This is the ideological weapon for the Meiji Restoration, sprout hidden militarism thought. Author Fukuzawa Yoshi is known as the father of modern Japanese education “ ”, his portrait was printed on the largest denomination of Japanese yen, flowThrough so far.
"The chrysanthemum and the sword collection (super Platinum Edition)": chrysanthemum, the Japanese royal family crest, represents the beauty; knife, Bushido symbol, represents courage, loyalty and reputation. The two represents the contradiction between the Japanese character: aggressive and gentle and refined and courteous; wild and intractable intransigent: but the elbow the degree of potential; tame but not at the mercy of others; keep faithful and true but treachery; brave but cowardice; conservative but receptive to new things. A beauty and militarism, Sean and aggressive, like the new and stubborn people; a the closest to us, but the most powerful neighbours is not as we know. "The chrysanthemum and the sword": Americans see Japan, American "A bystander is always clear-minded."; "Bushido" "Japan and Japanese" "outline of civilization": Japanese in Japan, the Japanese "zizhizhe Ming"; "Japan" "Japanese" Chinese: Japan, Chinese "discover the minutest detail in everything". Scholars, six masterpieces, is to understand the Japanese culture the most authoritative and comprehensive reading, but also insight into the national characteristics of the Japanese model. "The chrysanthemum and the sword": determines the USA to battle mode; "Bushido": well the Japanese defense for their national soul, is Japan's "flowers of evil"; "Japan": 10 years early warning east there will be war; "Japanese": at the beginning of eight years of war the words of Japan will fail, known as the "paper". "Japan and Japanese": from the psychology. The Japanese philosophical anatomy the inner world; "outline of civilization": the author's portrait was printed on the largest denomination in circulation on the yen so far.
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