Digest his failure and tragedy of almost all in the family. His 3 wife, Claudia (Claudia), Silk Lieb Nia (Scribonia), Livia (IJivia) -- for he gave birth to a son: Silk Lieb Nia (Scribonia) to avenge her divorce bore him a daughter Julia (Julia), he hoped Livia could for him a son that he inherited his education government; she had two good son, Tiberius and Drusus for her ex husband, misfortune and Augustus have not fertility, otherwise, their marriage will be happy. Livia was a solemn beauty of woman, strong personality, but a special consideration; an important measure of pre Augustus with her research, he respected her opinion as to respect the wise friends advice. When people ask her how Augustus can have such influence, she said: "keep the absolute purity...... Never interfere in his affairs, to pretend to ignore his beloved lover. "She is the representative of the classical virtues of morality, spare no effort to promote. Free time, she engaged in charitable activities, to case-dough help children many parents, for the poor bride buy dowry, and raised many orphans. Her palace has become almost an orphanage; because, Augustus in the house and his sister Octavia (Octavia) his grandson, supervision home nephews and nieces, 6 orphans and even Anthony's education. He put the boys were sent to the front lines, supervise the girls textile, he "don't they give away -- unless the work in just ways, canContained in the family log ". Augustus tried to 爱利维娅 (Livia) son Drusus. He took him come up, and may be the property and power passed to him: he had the misfortune to die, Augustus discovers the bereavement, he attached importance to Tiberius and don't love. Because his successor must be active, arbitrary, tend to be gloomy silence people. He is lively and beautiful daughter Julia in his childhood was to give him a lot of happiness. When Julia was 14, he managed to make his nephew (sister Octavia (Octavia) son) divorce, and tempted him to marry Julia. Two years after his nephew Marcellus died: Julia sad after a while began to enjoy a long desire for freedom. Soon, the matchmaker, the emperor want to have a grandchild heir; then coax agripa divorce, to marry the widow Julia (21 BC). Julia is 18 years old, initiative 42 years; he is a good and a great man, and very rich. She put the house in the country as a pleasure and intellect salon, become young Fang Yi's Leadership Center, to oppose the pilgrims, they are led by Levi. Rumours accused Julia of new husband is unfaithful, and take an untrusted problems to be an unreliable answers, the problem is both Julia and adultery, how her 5 children all like Agrippa? After the death of Agrippa (twelfth Century BC), Augustus is expected to Julia (Julia)'s eldest son Gaius and Lucius (Lucius), for their favorite, special education, are not of legal age to let them to public office. Julia became a widow, wealthier than ever more beautiful, her wantonness, lover flocks, immediately caused Rome's criticism. In order to ease the discussion, perhaps in order to his daughter and wife mediation friction, Augustus third times to give his daughter as a medium. Livia (Livia) son Tiberius and forced and his pregnant wife (agripa daughter art Sanja Agrippina (Vipsania Agrippina)) to marry divorce, also not remarry being (9 B.C.). The young old Romans try to be a good husband; but Julia refused to give up her hedonism to accommodate his ascetic life, began her illicit love. He had to bear the shame. "Adultery law" (The lex luliade atulteriis) requires an adulteress husband told indeed; Tiberius in order to protect her and himself, he did not take action, because he and his mother Livia (Livia) wanted Augustus to accept him as a son, the Empire's leadership to him. When he discovered that Augustus had preferred Julia and agripa child, he hibernated to Rhodes island. He where after 7 years of civilian life, dedicated to the lonely philosophy and astrology. Julia is more and more free, love a three discard Li four, and peer binge drink, disrupt the court restless night. P33-35 illustrations
Will Duran (Will Durant, 1885-1981), America Massachusetts north when mu people. Born in 1885. America most famous popular historian of philosophy, historian. He worked at St. Peter's college and the Columbia University education, worked as a newspaper reporter, the practice of middle school teachers. Later entered the Columbia University Institute of follow the hair root and Gelkin specialized in biology, and specialize in Philosophy in Wu Boli and under the guidance of Dewey, in 1917 won the big brother ph.d..
from 1914, he was in a New York Presbyterian hall lecture philosophy history and literary history, before and after 14 years, his "story of philosophy" and "civilization" to prepare for the two story book. 1926, published "story of philosophy" was exceeding one's expectations of success, from betting than with his wife devoted his whole life story of "civilization" writings. In 1967, the book was awarded the Pulitzer prize American (Pulitzer Prize), and received widespread praise from the western academic circles, the study. Copyright twentieth Century 30's Duran to be translated into Chinese, familiar to China readers. The story of "civilization" is called "Twentieth Century" and "Han Shu" records of the historian.
Du Lan always thinks, general classification history writing for evaluation or criticism of the whole human life has less justice; historical writing, must transit into account, analysis and summary of the historical compilation and use; the most ideal should try to put every time, the first national culture, organization, development and change of the whole perplexing phenomena are reviewed. Other works are the "
Du Lan: Philosophy and social problems" (1917), "the interpretation of life -- contemporary literary study" (1970), "autobiography" (1977).
The first chapter of the Augustus era began the first day Octavius and Rome empire building second section of the Rome Empire conquest and new social order the establishment of the third section of the Rome Empire prosperity fourth section Augustus political reform fifth section Augustus the great and ordinary sixth day end of Augustus chapter Second Empire of Rome literature on the "Golden Age" of the first section Augustus and the imperial literature prosperity second pastoral poet Virgil third day long narrative poem "Aned" the birth of the fourth section Horace and his "ode" Livy in the fifth quarter and prose epic "built city" since the sixth day Ovid and "the art of love" the third chapter Rome imperial monarchy to strengthen the first day he restored republic system the failure of Gaius in the second quarter of third section Claudius political reform and construction of section Fourth "bloodthirsty" Nero rule in section fifth Galba, Otho and Vitellius's short reign of Weiss in the sixth quarter Vespasian period of authoritarian rule further strengthen seventh day Saint Titus lucky and Domi Tian in the eighth quarter and helpless" The fourth chapter of Rome literature peak times: "tyrant" Silver Age "the first amateur artists emerge of Petr Roman Lucius in the second quarter and satirical poetry collection" satiricon "section third and section fourth, Stoic philosopher multi Xun philosophy main representative Seneca Fifth Empire of Rome natural science achievements sixth section of the Rome Empire developed medical section seventh eloquent orator Quintilian Statius in the eighth quarter and martial poetry the fifth chapter in the prosperity of the Empire of Rome the sixth chapter Rome Empire brilliant artistic achievement seventh chapter Romans chapter eighth Rome imperial law ninth chapter of the end of the Augustus era tenth chapter Augustus era of the late Rome social and cultural history @##@ appendix chronology This book according to screenwriter Will Durange classics "into the relevant content of world civilization history" volume third. This book to know a fluent style of writing with the original description of the genre, with Caesar named era. It is not an ordinary history books, but a full of wisdom and personal insights into life history and thought history. Based on the "given that such" position, to the "history of Rome" written "about our own history", as "our own struggle history" and "in our future work"...... "New York Times" called the book a "highly recommended books", "New York people" think this book is "the great age of keen appreciation", "united" called the book "unique style", "Library Journal" called the book "style is smooth and rich wit"......
Augustus is one of the greatest administrative genius in human history. Roman life under his rule, with the overall change; reconstruction of Rome empire throughout the huge, unfolding under his command. He put a decaying Republic, transformed into an unprecedented Empire gained many century survival prospects; he created a convenient transportation and prosperous business based persistent "Rome peace"; he is Greek, Rome classical heritage survived and finally spread, provided a guarantee; he is Jewish as Christianity spread, provides the means to...... He was short but handsome, he do not modified but elegant, his eyes bright but cold. His reign was full of wit and imagination. He was cruel, but his life has shown broad and gentle...... Reading this book reason: he has been the world famous writers, such as Virgil, Horace, Livy et al. Praise. He is an educated man. He wrote against Brutus booklet, philosophy of exhortation, early life readme, Drew and Su 斯传 poems and epigrams set etc.. He lived a simple family life. He to the personal luxury, no interest. But if he had the time and his colleagues have free, on the outskirts of Rome "luxury" can they pass the time place...... Suggest the following people reading this book: a study of family or lovers Rome Empire, family or lovers of Western history, family or lovers Greece Rome culture, the rich class or a leisure class, students......
Culture @ 2017