"The Japanese book" by the "chrysanthemum and the sword", "five wheels" and "Bushido" book three classic is a book consisting of a collection. We put these three books together, mainly because it is the three book is the three book of Japanese culture around but. "The chrysanthemum and the sword" for America anthropologist Ruth Benedict, originally this book she was USA governmental life, analysis report for analysis, research in Japanese society and write Japanese national survey, in order to guide American how to control after the defeat of the japanese. Indifferent to the quiet beauty of "Chrysanthemum" is the Japanese royal family crest, fierce to "knife" is a symbol of Bushido culture. Ruth Benedict uses the methods of cultural anthropology, "Ju" and "knife" to reveal the contradiction between the Japanese character, namely the duality of Japanese culture (such as beauty and militarism, Sean and aggressive, like the new and stubborn, clothing and unruly etc.)...... The hand, and then analyzes the hierarchy of Japanese society and the customs, and pointed out that the discontinuity of Japanese children education and adult education is an important factor in the formation of double character. Author through grace, love, fame and keywords depicts the ethics of Japanese, and depicts a by take a shower, sleep, eat, drink, love and other components of the human world, finally points out the moral dilemma of the Japanese. The conclusion is, Japanese culture is different from western "guilt culture" and "shame culture": in their sense of shame is the virtue, to do good deeds to rely on external force. The extreme expression of this cultural phenomenon, is Dutch act of war and the output of Japan popular. In fact, the analysis USA government after the war against Japan's policy and the corresponding reaction and the book is consistent. It is American transformation of Japan, analysis of Japan's instructions. "The chrysanthemum and the sword" is a classic study of Japanese nationalism since its publication in 1946. The Japanese way of life and a typical case analysis on hand, strong to vivid narration, the language is full of wisdom and good sense of humor. Reading is thought-provoking, and fascinating, is to understand the classic reading in japanese. This book is also considered the study of Japanese nationality must read, is an outstanding example of social science research and applied directly to the political practice. "Five wheel" is a Book of Japanese military all Miyamoto Takehide's oeuvre, is a not only for the sword, but also for the art works. Yong wide for twenty years (1643) in October, Musashi seclusion spirit cave began writing books ((five round ", is two years, the" five round "to the Terao Sunoukatsunobu book," five party "," the art of war, order the thirty-five fixing piece "to Terao Masukenobuyuki, and left the world. "The five round of the book" the book is divided into water, fire, earth, wind, air volume five. Soil volume mainly said the overview, craftsmen, farmers, merchants, the military metaphor, the activities, agriculture, industry, business people are actually the same, a trace of. Water volume mainly explains the two day schools. With water as the template, the mind has the characteristics of water. The shape of water with the container body, or square or round, small like raindrops as big as the ocean. Fire fighting is written with the outcome. To fire volume to talk about the war, because the fire can be small or large, fire power amazing. The wind volume is recorded when the other military and other various schools. In Chinese characters, "wind" or "style". Empty volume tells the true path to come very naturally on the thing. Even comprehend the truth, is not bound by the truth. This book since the Japanese shogunate, has a profound and great influence on the formation of the spread of Japanese samurai culture and the spirit of bushido. After the Second World War, and Japanese companies successfully obtained provides a theoretical basis in the fierce competitive environment. In twentieth Century 90 years, western scholars began to pay attention to, it is the samurai loyalty, morality and honor code, gives Japan the competitive advantages of the enterprises, driven by the rapid development of Japanese economy, the book was re discovered, is admired by western scholars and business leaders. "Five books" position in Japan, just like the "art of war" in the China, by the Japanese as shopping malls and interpersonal relationship winning book, so far the Japanese managers are still used in the statement as a business decision. Similarly, "five wheels" and "the art of war book" also popular in the west, even American Harvard Business School will them as students must read. "Bushido" is a Japanese bushido spirit interpretation of works, the author is Nitobe inazou. This book is his illness in American Pennsylvania state in 1899, a foreigner to traditional Japanese Bushido know very little about, is to introduce and use English. Bushido thought the Lord is not afraid of death, death consciousness as a fundamental, stressed that "no occasion to death, not scruple to death, not hesitate to death", as you without reservation to lay down his life for his dedication. It is the Japanese samurai must strictly abide by the principles of. What is the Bushido? To sum up in a word, the trick is to see death, "fear of death" and the gentleman unreservedly dedicated life. "Bushido" a book in the article quoted extensively in western history and literary allusions are compared, for foreign readers to read and understand. The book caused great interest of foreign readers, has been translated into many languages, occupies an important position in the world of books in japan. By reading the "trilogy" of Japan, we can more deeply understand, understanding of the Japanese national spirit, the function of guidance to the study of traditional culture and national character of Japan has a very good; at the same time, as the western culture in the difference provides a reliable and detailed data, which is worth reading and collection classic.
"The Japanese book" (author, Ruth Benedict Miyamoto Takehide, Nitobe inazou) is "the chrysanthemum and the sword", "Bushido" and "five round" three books about Japanese culture classics collection. "Bushido" known as the "Japanese know one's limitations", "the chrysanthemum and the sword" is known as the American "A bystander is always clear-minded.", "five books" is called Japan's "art of war". Kind and honest, sincere and honor, loyalty and courage, the thought and strategy, this is the new bushido spirit, we not only feel comfortable, but also understand the nature of the war, which is set to be the western management experts and business leaders praised the book, that will set off a new strategy! "The Japanese book" exquisite design, suitable for collection or sent to friends and family.
Ruth Benedict (RuthBenedict, 1887-1948), born in New York, the original name was Fulton (Fulton), USA women anthropologists. The end of the Second World War, German and Japanese defeat has been set, America need to develop specific policies according to the situation in Japan, then the Benedict in 1944, was ordered by the government America, collecting various data, to complete the report, and explains their concluded in the report. After the war, American decisions consistent with inferences in her opinion, she accurately predicted is one of the highlights of this book.
she is studying in the University during the period of British literature, in 1919 went to the Columbia University in anthropology, Shi Congyu before the second world war one of the greatest anthropologist -- Franz Boas (FranzBoas, 1858-1942), received a doctor's degree in 1923. In 1927 she study Indian tribal culture, written as "cultural type" (PatternofCulture, 1934) is a book, in 1940 completed the "race: Science and politics" (Race:ScienceandPolitics) a book, critical race discrimination. Study on Romania, Holland, Germany, Thailand and other country of nationality in the period between the second world wars, in which the Japanese -- "the chrysanthemum and the sword" a Book of the greatest contribution. After the end of World War II, she continued to participate in the "contemporary cultural studies" at Columbia University, in 1948 September died.
Nitobe inazou (1862 - 1933), international political activist, agronomists, educator. He once served as Deputy International Alliance, the founder of Tokyo Women's university. He is the 2004 years from 1984 to flow using Japanese bank note 5000 yen coin character. "Bushido" is the most famous book, he has thus become the Japanese spirit and ethics authority.
are invincible warrior said the war in Japan, before the age of thirty and fought more than 60 time, without fail, in his later years, his life experience of war on organized into "five wheel".
The chrysanthemum and the sword
about "Chrysanthemum" and "knife"
the first chapter research -- Japan
second chapter in the war of Japanese
third chapter cobbler should stick to his last.
fourth chapter Meiji Restoration
fifth chapter of history and social negative EN
sixth chapter gratitude to
seventh chapter of friendship when million
eighth chapter brushing stigma
ninth chapter of human world.
tenth chapter moral dilemma
eleventh chapter self cultivation
twelfth chapter children education
thirteenth chapters after the surrender of Japanese
reading a Book
guide reading two
> preface to the volume
the first chapter as the moral system of
second chapter Bushido Samurai origin
third chapter antisense
fourth chapter fearless courage, perseverance spirit --
fifth chapter benevolence -- sympathy
sixth chapter ceremony
seventh chapter Cheng
eighth chapter honor
ninth chapter and tenth chapter
the samurai education and training
Article The eleven chapter self-restraint
twelfth chapter Dutch act and the Revenge of the system of
thirteenth chapter knife -- the soul of the samurai
fourteenth chapter influence of women education and the status of
fifteenth chapter the
sixteenth chapter Bushido still alive
seventeenth chapter Bushido future
The copyright page: illustration: it is not difficult to find many cultures in Asia and the Pacific from anthropologists know, there are many even and on the Pacific island of primitive tribe is very similar to the social structure and living habits of the japanese. Some are similar to those of Malaysia and New Guinea, some similar, some with Polynesian similar. To explore these similarities reflect ancient population migration and communication, it would be interesting to know these, similar culture is valuable to me, but it's not as may have a historical origin. Between them. On the contrary, find the understanding of Japanese life cues from the similarities and differences between what I found, it is because I know these customs are how to play a role in these relatively pure culture. I also know that some of the continent of Asia, Thailand, Burma and Chinese situation, so I can put in Japan and some other belong to a great cultural tradition country comparison. Anthropologists in the study of primitive peoples have repeatedly proved that the great value of this cultural comparison. A tribe of neighboring tribes in the formal practices may be similar to 90%, but it may have been the custom modified, in order to adapt to the unique lifestyle and value system. In this process, it may have to give up some basic things, these things no matter which occupies in the whole proportion is so not worth mentioning, but the development of the tribe of future to a unique direction. An anthropologist, the most useful thing than the research as a whole has some differences between the national many common characteristics. The great difference between anthropologists accustom themselves to their own culture and another at the same time, we must also make their method to refine on, suitable for this special issue. Anthropologists know from experience, in a different culture of people encountered situation, toAnd different tribes and ethnic understanding and disposal of these conditions are very different. In an Arctic village or tropical desert, that blood responsibility or economic exchange tribal system anthropologists encountered, is no matter how bold imagination cannot imagine. So, just to survey the blood relationship or exchange the details of the relationship is not enough, must be what they this configuration generates in the tribal behavior consequence, each generation of tribal people is how from childhood as their ancestors did to inherit the traditional system of habits, this is the most important. The difference and its restriction and consequences of the occupation of attention can be fully applied to the research of japan. As everyone knows, there are cultural differences between the United States and Japan ingrained. Even the folk saying, no matter what we do, they are always with us instead. If researchers only stay in the simple claim that these differences are how strange and eccentric, that thinks this is a can not understand people, and therefore admit the existence of differences, this is dangerous. Anthropologists according to the experience that any kind of weird behavior is understandable. According to the nature of the occupation, sociologists, anthropologists put more diversity as a kind of positive factors and negative factors to be used is not. No other things can cause him to pay close attention to these institutions and national. Tribal anthropologists study way of life, nothing can be considered behoove, so he looks all facts rather than specific facts. In the study of western nation, a no more training in cultural studies will ignore the whole sphere of action. He put so much as behoove, therefore he to judge all accepted a series of daily life trivial habits and home affairs, certainly can't go further. However, when these do not attract sb.'s attention things are projected in the whole nation's screen, their influence is much greater than the diplomats signed a treaty on the future of a nation's influence.
"Five books" is a world military theory in the great book, tactical principles involved, for enterprises and individuals to pursue success of the law, have a high reference significance. General each senior management electrical people should dig the value of this book...... -- Jack Welch "read" Bushido "to fully understand the characteristics of the japanese." @##@ -- Roosevelt "The Japanese book" Editors: by reading Japanese books "", we can more deeply understand, understanding of the Japanese national spirit, the function of guidance to the study of traditional culture and national character of Japan has a very good; at the same time, as the western culture in the difference provides a reliable and accurate data, is a set of worth reading and collection of classic.
"Five books" is a world military theory in the great book, tactical principles involved, J successful method to seek for enterprises and individuals, have a high reference significance. General each senior management electrical people should dig the value of this book...... -- Jack Welch "read" Bushido "to fully understand the characteristics of the japanese." -- Roosevelt
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