The Colosseum is the classical world remains the most famous historical sites, frank. Indeed, it gained a world reputation, so from 1928 to 2000 more than 70 years, a prominent feature of the portico were exhibited at the Olympic Games was awarded to the winning athletes of medals: become a symbol of classicism, a symbol of modern games of ancient ancestors. Until the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, this practice is controversial. British newspaper: most don't know since the Colosseum for more than half a century has been adding lustre to the Olympic medals: always enjoy it more fun of Australians ignorance, said Australia is obviously not understand such a simple truth, that is, the Colosseum in Rome, the Olympic Games is the greek. Australian Greek newspapers appeared more high; a Greek American editor in chief scold sound like thunder: "the Colosseum is a bloody stadium. It with friendship peace and brotherhood the Olympic ideal no relationship." The International Olympic Committee is a bit impatient, but still never to yield an inch of ground. They have stopped the Games organizers by Sydney Opera House silhouette to replace the Colosseum initiatives, so estimates they already have a well-thought-out plan. They use lame arguments and perverted logic, that this pattern still belongs to the cross, absolutely not specifically Rome Colosseum, but a "generic" Colosseum: "as far as we are concerned, it is the Colosseum or Parthenon Temple is not important. It is important that it is a stadium." So when the Olympic Games held in 2004 returned to Greece, the Colosseum this basic pattern to replacement, will be not at all surprising. The title long "change the Olympic medal pattern committee" to create a new, Greek style, not so that the pattern: a victory over the figure in 1896 built in Athens held the first modern Olympic Games when the pan Ya Song 娜节 stadium. However, the debate about the problems caused by the Colosseum itself still exists. What is the purpose of it? (sure micro car is not engraved on the medal on the flag match. Now, how do we to bloody) in modern culture have determined the Gladiator's image to respond? Why is it a historical relics such famous? These are just some of the problems we are trying to answer in this book.
Rome Colosseum, also called Colosseum. We call the former because it is not only used to fighting, and fighting. We now see the Colosseum, Rome already and it was built in the year 80 when a far cry from the. Multiple functions of past the Colosseum with animals and gladiator fight, the Senate meeting etc.. The Gladiator show the most representative. The ancient Romans liked Gladiator, because the gladiator, and vigorous and brave; Romans despise Gladiator, because the Gladiator of humble origin. A feature of the social mental state this stultify oneself is the civilization of ancient Rome. In the face of cultural symbols of the Colosseum in ancient Rome, especially in the moonlight, perhaps we can imagine the gladiators kill for pleasure, after the victory of the mood, and people on the slaughter of views and terror. This book helps people make such imagination, at the same time to help people who are more objective and systematic understanding of the ancient civilization of Rome.
Author: Keith Hopkins (UK) translator: Pu long
The Colosseum, now two in the Colosseum, three killing four people on the Colosseum, five brick and mortar six be a survivor of a disaster for a visit?
Uniform surface Rome hot however if in nineteenth Century to the Colosseum, obviously be jubilant, tourism image, some uncomfortable phenomenon is revealed. This is the Protestant Catholic "take over" the historical relics worries. A series of the shrine of a cross and edge arena intermediate is one worry: according to the appropriate memorial that there were killed Christian martyrs. As the "manual" put it, kiss the cross to buy the idea of a "exemption" two hundred day is worried about the two. The same embarrassment (although it provides an original devout vivid floral) is near "vulgar forum", every Friday there is a monk in the above. You can say the most civilized word is: "in the face of a and our common faith, although at the time, 'our common faith' this argument must be a reluctant politely, early history so identity of the occasion, you may not a Christian Rites solemn impressed." Certainly, there is such a problem: "manual" and other travel guide trumpeted the moonlight lonely circus maximus romantic image is a collapse of itself propaganda in the extent. We get somewhere else impression is: bighorn under the darkness of the fight, at least according to the standards of nineteenth Century, may be too crowded, too not romantic, cannot make people relaxed. For example, Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel "the Marble Faun" (1860) wrote a group living in Rome artists a moon on the historic visit, the novel relates to a group of tourists negotiations with the other, this group of tourists and laughed, and cried, and flirt, in the middle and shadowy arcade game of hide and seek. Hawthorne paints a vivid picture of the blind tourism. A group of people singing at the central cross step (we should think they were drunk); another help, not British or American, is in strict accordance with the "manual" on the instructions, "do indispensable tayue sightseeing", had to climb up to the next, parapet, "that kind of happiness because of their own happiness rather than Byron and get dizzy with success". Have no chance to be in a brown study here the magic. However, at the same time, is also likely to feel depressed, because the remains of opportunities in some ways and not fully realized. The glory of the Colosseum, is to occupy every corner of it in the different kinds of flowers; according to the system, more than 400, until 1871 forced cleanups. "Manual" in 1843 was still puzzled, why don't they do something else? "The Hortus siccus[class] collection of raw materials, surprisingly, the Romans were not collected by the Swiss for collecting plant specimens, and sell them; we can't think for tourists, the Colosseum andWhat's more popular souvenirs?" But all of this, compared with face center for the history of the building have a smattering of tourists, all minor problems. Majestic remnants of structure, large-scale, long effect, however it has the original function of their own, people remember the bloody gladiator fighting and Christian martyr event it arena, how can we put the two together? "Manual" in two words or three, in an awkward position to bypass this problem: not even out around the Colosseum human carnage: "nearly four hundred years as a tourist spot, the wrestling scenes is now the old things, so no need for their nagging, just the mention of the building: the inauguration ceremony hosted by Titus. On the five thousand beast, were killed in the arena, but also to celebrate this event, event lasted nearly one hundred days." However, in nineteenth Century, many other people, whether tourists or a writer, but felt the need to be there once happened, and discusses the they view the historical relics inevitably impact. This is also the hidden quoted in front of Byron's poem theme (when the Imperial Palace trace rare, this brutal sites can also retained? ), and Charles Dickens in the 1840's visit to Italy, also issued a similar view ("is at its most bloody heyday, great Colosseum scene, never like it is now in ruins when moved all the tourists so touched anyone's heart. Thank God: a ruin!" ). However, the debate may be a theatrical performance the most acute in Mrs. Starr's novel "Lina" in the high. In that book, the heroine, exotic women poets led worship her Oswald of Scotland. Nell Sewell, join a tour and sightseeing in Rome. On the day of the bright spot is the Colosseum, "remains the most beautiful in Rome," said Lina rejoice. However, Oswald (and frankly, he is a pedant) "on the high Lina praise beg to differ. When he looked at the four Gallery, the four layer structure of a layer of a layer of standing, looking at also evoke admiration and deplored the situation of the grand and decay manifold, he saw only the owner of luxury and the slave's blood." Despite a high spirited, but Lina obviously didn't make him feel a heartfelt admiration that: regardless of which reached the immoral purpose of disgust, or likely to appreciate the magnificent buildings. "He is looking for a sense of morality, and all magic art never contented him"; the last Lina magic can not satisfy him. In fact, the Colosseum as an ancient and modern tragedy stage and a symbol of death, one and again, again three in nineteenth Century literature. Because the Gladiator Holocaust memory and such a faith go hand in hand, it is the historical site of the cold night air: even though it may be a romantic moonlight as water scene, the virus is potentially lethal, can cause malaria "Rome hot" unique. Rome air (the notorious repute in the risk of "manual" in a detailed discussion, express volumes is just on the Protestant cemetery after a section of the text in the description. Henry James and Daisy). Miller mocked the social custom, then alone with her worship of Italy Mr. Giovanni Leigh spent the night in the Colosseum, it is "Rome" hot deprived her of her life. "Hey, I've seen the Bighorn moonlight fight, this is a good thing." Her provocative shouted. For another one of her admirers, critics, the white hard field, Mr. Bourne (he also in the Colosseum lurking, where his mouth muttering incantations: "what?" Byron "Manfred" in the sentence), which is almost her last words. In the 1930's wonderful Edith waton's short satirical novel "Rome hot", bighorn moonlight fight risk slightly lighter. This novel reveals two middle-aged American lady: Lady Ainslie and Mrs Slade, dark past, they are now the Colosseum next to a restaurant this evening. In more than ten pages in length, finally exposed earlier before their marriage, Slade woman suspected her fiance, empathy, to Mrs. Ainslie at the circus maximus spent a dangerous night. Too bad she there, with a cold, this is the fact that does not dispute. However, more important is, as the last line of the exposed, she also secretly son with her lovely daughter Barbara, her father is Mr. Slade. The relationship between the Colosseum and death and love here has rolled into a ball.
"The Rome arena" published by the commercial press.
Culture @ 2017