The Analects of Confucius annotation

Date of publication:2002-01   Press: Sichuan literature and Art Publishing House   Author:Yang Lao Chuan Min   Pages:343  
Summary

"The Analects of Confucius" is a book about the ethical moral book, open style "quotation" the history of the development of the first. Its language is concise and lively, brief and to the point, but without losing the initiative, wisdom, and symbolic. Today many idioms originated from "the Analects of Confucius", some of the classic statement is still alive in people's language. The history of the "Analects of Confucius" commentary is an immense number of books, not hundreds, Different people, different views. This book is only a simple concise comments on "the Analects of Confucius", so that ordinary readers can read words. As for the sentence ambiguity, only selects a reasonable explanation, or adopted by said, others is not introduced, will not do textual research. "The Analects of Confucius" is almost in two words or three quotations or dialogue, antecedents and consequences of no account, no theory, only understand the meaning of the words do not necessarily know these words, so the book also made the brief hints, but is incomplete, not in-depth analysis, individual chapters because of its simple and easy Ming is not prompt.
Catalogue of books

Science and politics eight Yi Li Ren Gong Ye Chang Yong 也述 and Talbot Zi Han Hsiang Tang Yan Zi Lu asked the Duke advanced constitutional Ji Yang sub sub Zhang Yao said
Chapter excerpt

Digest Li Ren [] the day: "Li Ren for beauty. Choose not benevolence, Yan that? "[note] Li Ren: in those. In the house. Optional choose abode. Place: live. Knowledge: "wisdom". Confucius very pay attention to the choice of living environment, that is to phase in and benevolent, and benevolent. The alternative is so so, friends, this is a very important part of Confucius personal accomplishment. [original] day: "but can not be a long time at about, not strengths happy. The Anren, the LiRen." [note] about: poor, mainly refers to the official career is concerned. Music: hengda. Anren: peace of mind in the kernel, is not subject to outside influence. LiRen: Ren for profit and. Think Ren in favor of their own to do. This chapter Confucius suggests people should have their own integrity, integrity. Cruel people, long trapped for non, to do bad things, Changle will be pampered, corrupt. Only the benevolent to faith, not influenced by the external environment. But the wise man cannot achieve this point. The wise man is that Jen is beneficial to have to do it. Good line, no profit is dead. Later Mencius proposed "immune to temptations, poverty can not be changed, not to be subdued by force" big husband personality, the formation of the national spirit of the Chinese nation, the idea originated from the Confucius cover. [sic] Confucius said: "only the humane can good, can the wicked." [note] good (Hao): love. Evil (Wu): hate, hate. This chapter Confucius about likes and dislikes problem. Natural. Everyone has his likes and dislikes the psychological emotion, but they tend to be subject to changing moods, self-interest as the standard, the favorable customers, to their own negative and evil. But he is not so, he is taking benevolence as the standard, not selfish, natural justice. All people will love the good, the bad and evil. Only from the kernel of all, to have the correct love and evil. [sic] Confucius said: '' if the will to virtue, no evil also. [note] Gou: honesty, if. No evil: can do no wrong. Confucius this passage there are two explanations: one is. If a man be Hitoshi, namely the idea is good, that he will not do evil. Another explanation is that, if a man be Ren Zhi, even if do bad, not bad. Adverse consequences and may produce a "sword". "Salt and iron 'punishment and virtue": "the spring and autumn of the prison administration, 论心定罪. Zhishan and contrary to the law of free, suitable for the law to punish evil." [sic] day: "the rich and noble, is a human desire, not with its way of, don't also. Poverty and meanness, is also the evil, not with its way of, don't go. "If a superior man abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?" the superior man does not, even for the space of a single meal, act contrary to virtue. In moments of haste, he cleaves to it. In seasons of danger, he cleaves to it. " [note] evil (Wu): what, how. The final food: at the end of the meal. The class: hurry, hurriedly. A: 偃仆, fall. This chapter discusses people's view Confucius. He believed that wealth is the people want, but should be based on its way and, as in the. Poverty is evil, but should be based on its way to. Here, the criterion of "Tao" is a word that benevolence, righteousness, i.e.. If a person discarded benevolence, how can a gentleman? So, since it is a gentleman, should at all times not to deviate from the kernel, and then rushed to it, and so it will be difficult. People don't forget honour at the prospect of profits, but to retain. This raises fundamental questions about life: how to correctly treat the material interests of the problem, how to deal with the interests of the individual and others. Confucius view still has practical significance in today. [sic] day: "I was not benevolent, evil is not benevolent. He who loved virtue, would esteem nothing above it. He who hated what is not virtuous, would practice virtue in such a way that he would not allow anything that is not virtuous to approach his person. "Is any one able for one day to apply his strength to virtue? I have not seen the case in which his strength would be insufficient. "Should there possibly be any such case, I have not seen it." [note]: it is more than. Add: n. Cover: probably. This chapter emphasizes on Confucius moral conscious effort. He is the highest level of good, evil is not benevolent a hierarchy. Because the evil is not benevolent, only, 'don't make not good with the body ", is to be worldly-wise and play safe. The force on the Renzhi, Confucius said his lack of no force. Because the kernel is a kind of self-cultivation, even a weak constitution, can also carry out, "I want to Ren, Ren to be", there is no power shortage. Emphasis here is on the initiative of the subjective consciousness. [original] day: "people have, each in the party. View, too, know virtue." [note] people had also, each in the party: the party they belong to different categories and each are not identical. As the farmer cannot farm, it was his fault. If you can't write, it is not his fault. The party, class. View, too, know Virtue: "the book of Rites" lead Confucius token words, said Ren has three different cases, namely Anren, LiRen, Kim Young Woon. Anren is the unconditional implementation of benevolence, LiRen is from the existing profit before the implementation of benevolence, Kim Young Woon he reluctantly to practice benevolence. Therefore, only know whether he practiced benevolence, from his mistakes can know he is a kernel. This chapter discusses the Confucius inspects a person to take himObjective behaviors and subjective motive combined properties, see what kind he belongs to. [sic] Confucius: "Wen Chao, die." [note]: in early. Tao: things of course theory, the essence of things. XI: late. The day is a day. Confucius the smell more important than life, so 朝闻夕死 without regret. Can also be said that his vision of the society at that time no dissatisfaction and on a society. [sic] Confucius said: "scholars are devoted to the way, but is ashamed of poor clothing and poor food, and not enough on." [note]: learning to learn, virtuous moral people, called. As the head of the four people who scholar, farmer, artisan and merchant. Poor clothing and poor food: simple and crude, table fare. This chapter discusses people's attitude to life. How to treat the poor clothing and poor food is small, big problem but concerns go what life road. Confucius thought, "shame poor clothing and poor food" is not to talk about benevolence and rites and their. [original] day: "the gentleman in the world, no yes, no no no, of justice." [note] no yes, no no no: say "well" through "the enemy", "Mo" through "screen", namely the hostility and love. Say "well" or "thick", "Mo" or "thin". Two means: no enemies, no love. Or no thick without a thin, does not favour one more than another. Than: close, phase from. Confucius think, the gentleman for the thing of the world, with absolute and against, just to see whether it is consistent with the meaning of. [original] day: "the gentleman villain Huaide, Huai Shi; gentleman bosom punishment, Huai Hui." The local fields, miss. Bosom punishment: to keep the penalty, ji. Wai Wai: miss grace. This chapter Confucius difference between Yan Junzi and man of ideas. A moral. A heavy survival. The gentleman does not worry about food and clothing problem, can concentrate on moral cultivation. The villain but have to worry about, since no persistence, too busy spiritual cultivation. At the same time Confucius told the incumbent, to give people with affordable, implement the policy of benevolence. [original] Confucius said: "while many people put it. [note] put good: indulge in Lee, unlimited. Much hatred caused a lot of resentment. This chapter is about the relationship between righteousness and interest. If everything with whether to have to measure. It will cause a lot of resentment. Because between the interests of the people is mutual. Considering their own interests, is bound to harm the interests of others. [sic] Confucius said: "to a land of propriety and compliance? And where [note]: to Germany, Miss De wilde. In soil: content, have? Not with the country, such as the ceremony?......
Media attention and comments

Review of "the Analects of Confucius" is a book about ethics book. Liu Xi of the Han Dynasty in "Shiming, Buddhist sutra art" in "the Analects of Confucius", said: "remember Confucius and disciple language statement. Theory, Tomoya, ethics also. Language, narrative, narrative has to say." "The Analects of Confucius" in the Confucius after death, by his disciples and the disciples, Confucius words and some of the disciples say and write books. The book is divided into twenty parts, a total of more than eleven thousand words, as the Confucian classic. Confucius name is Qiu, Naduni, Chou (now Shandong Qufu southeast), was born in 551 BC (Lu Xiang Gong twenty-two years). It is sung, noble. To the great grandfather Shi Qian Lu Qing, lost, become a civilian. Confucius poor family, young did tube warehouse "appoint officials" and "take charge of grazing land". But he is diligent diligently, to thirty years have been very successful, and started to set up the museum school, for children. He had three thousand disciples, the seventy-two great contribution to life. Confucius successively in the office are slaughtered, Sagong, Sikou, also Deputy Prime Minister over a period of time. But the king of Lu fatuous, so he took the part of his disciples to travel through all the kingdoms, Wei, song, Chen, Cai, Chu, Qi and other countries, because the claim be inopportune or inappropriate not to reuse. At the age of sixty-eight returned to Lu, continue to be engaged in educational work, finishing works. He died in 479 BC (Duke, sixteen years), died at the age of seventy-two. The whole idea is Confucius to ethics as the center, its core is a: 'Ren ". Benevolence, love. The "benevolence" is required to own, also ask others, but primarily for their. Thoughts, feelings, their behavior should accord with benevolence. "Have Yuli written for the people, has been reached and want to Master", "do not want to, do not impose on others". This is the "loyalty" and "Shu", is to consider others in one's own place humanitarian. The family filial piety kernel is used for this, for friends is justice, with Yu Guojun's loyalty, in politics is the benevolent government. In short, all take benevolence as the fundamental. Associated with the kernel is the ceremony. Benevolence is the inner of self-cultivation, Li is the external modification of human, the two complement each other, are inseparable. Ritual includes various laws, system, service and each person's appearance, clothing, food, shelter, and other external performance. The constraints of people into the ceremony, family, society will be harmonious, stability. Person can not be born with knowledge of benevolence, propriety, can only be learned. So Confucius special emphasis on the importance of learning and education. In the teaching, he combined with Lord Zhang Xuesi, study, advocated the truth-seeking, open-minded, ask more, should have an insatiable desire to learn, be tireless in teaching others', bufenbuqi, not determined to learn, teach students in accordance with their aptitude, that step by step. Confucius education thought and teaching method in the teaching of many still play a role in. The doctrine of the mean point of view Confucius problem, believe that everything should be moderate, not extreme, too, More haste, less speed. In politics to alternate leniency with severity, in the arts have the beauty of neutralization. At the same time also stands for "right", is flexible, not rigidly adhere to the word, deed of small righteousness. In the personality, Confucius advocates independent personality. "A man cannot be deprived of his", to the dignity of personality, can kill the body to die "". At the same time, there must be a positive, optimistic spirit, to know not to do for, to not know old age. Indeed, Confucius thought is the product of the history of 2500 years ago, it inevitably has the history, has its limitations. But undeniable is, Confucius thought plays an irreplaceable far-reaching influence in the history of our country, and evenIt has thousands of years of Chinese mode of thinking and personality characteristics in a certain extent. Confucius Confucianism become China feudal dynasties ruled out the theoretical basis, and "the Analects of Confucius" as required reading the book.......
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