With the development of modern writing style transformation, the traditional tools of writing "the"scholar's four jewels"" as the representative of the gradually withdrew from the practical field. But, before that, in the development of thousands of years of culture and transfer process, their historical contribution to its details, also needless to say. After long years of time, they have accumulated a thick cultural atmosphere, thus becoming the traditional cultural symbols. The "scholar's four jewels": pen, ink, paper, inkstone, unique, and Yan characteristics is set literature, calligraphy and painting, sculpture and other art in a body. Through a Guyan, we can understand that the above-mentioned aspects of the information, or even more, is a story of a Yan Yan, a heaven. Compared to the pen, ink, paper, inkstone can perfectly preserved from the ancient. Before the Ming and Qing Dynasties pen, ink, paper material is extremely difficult to see, if any, most have been broken, and Yan, made of stone or metal, because the material is not easy to damage, each time Yan goods can be well preserved, or from the underground excavated from, or through the generation of. This can be visually found style each period inkstone, and they bring in historical and cultural information. Overall, the inkstone development is a from the pursuit of utility function to the pursuit of aesthetic process. Before the Tang Dynasty, to explore the inkstone practical function, the other with simple and unsophisticated as the main character, less decoration. Initially, people still can not determine which material is more suitable for the inkstone. With the development of society, all kinds of possible materials have been tried, but Shi Yan, appeared in the Tao inkstone, inkstone, inkstone copper paint, jade inkstone, porcelain inkstone etc.. To the Tang Dynasty, and finally found the most suitable for stone material, established the inkstone subject status, forming the end stone, Xi Shi, red silk stone 和澄 mud Yan goods four lines, to perfect the practicality of inkstone. After the Song Dynasty, Yan development gradually to the pursuit of aesthetic taste, to the art of the road. At this stage of the Song Dynasty, the inkstone, inkstone texture of product type, inkstone carving and other aspects of the professional theory books have come out in succession, such as Mi Fei's "history", Su Yijian's "Yan Fang four spectrum, inkstone spectrum", in theory for the development of inkstone later laid the foundation. Song Yan, still with practical give priority to, finally established in China, Xi Yan Shi Shangduan, Tao, mud four Ming Yan status. But song Yan has clearly in the pursuit of an artistic elegance of the Tang Dynasty, "phoenix" word Yan into chaoshou inkstone, Qin Han brick with stone that reflects the pursuit of. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties of Yan, materials and technology research, is more out of aesthetic needs, such as for stone eye, Venus and other stone products pattern preference, carving elaborate and inscription inscription of stress. The students have not only a piece of paper stationery, but entered the ranks of Arts and crafts, become a literary study decorations or collectibles, for leisure and enjoy. Because of rich connotation, artistic value and historical value, which has been watered down in the practical value of today is still of concern. An ink stone story, an inkstone a heaven, today, to understand the ancient Yan also enrich our knowledge of history and culture, a good opportunity to strengthen the awareness of traditional culture. This is our original intention.
Pen, ink, paper, inkstone, in China traditional literati, is indispensable. No matter the official for the people, who are holding this position, the same set of writing tools. Common to find a consensus in the middle China traditional literati, perhaps only this and stay together "the"scholar's four jewels"" worthy of the job. As calligraphy and painting tools, the traditional ink is used, so that we may have influence on the unique artistic charm. On the other hand, the materials and production of fine exquisite aside, its shape, to meet various practical requirements, is the practical and artistic. The desk to enjoy playing, self digestion burnout, the air fresh. Handed down by the famous celebrity ink paper inkstone is favored. The results of long-term immersion in culture, is the culture in art is a. Now introduces these four ancient text messengers, the development of progressive various reluctantly, to this or that its one or two.
Yang Baishui, cultural workers, graduated from the Peking University Department of archaeology. Excavation and research over the years has been committed to Chinese classical culture. Have a special liking to China ancient inkstone, personal collection time, more and more friends and contacts, contact the new excavation of ancient inkstone. Adhere to the research method of combining with textual and physical inspection, to Chinese inkstone historical connotation and the unique experience of collection and appreciation.
The first chapter of the history of the 1 first day inkstone origin 3 section second simple and rustic Han Yan 6 section third in the development of Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties are 9 fourth day prosperous Sui Tangyan 11 fifth day interest song Yan and rough Yuan Yan 14 section sixth advocate stone and process of the Ming and Qing Yan 18 section seventh lean refinement modern ornamental inkstone 23 second Chapter 25 section Yan legend said Yan 26 section second on inkstone legend 30 section third successive masters and Yan 36 fourth control inkstone masters story 54 third chapter 57 section Yan Yan appreciation are constructed of 58 section second kinds of 59 section third ink inkstone 77 section fourth Yan choice 97, the use and maintenance of fifth Yan collection and an inkstone 102 sixth day old inkstone appreciation and distinguishing the 123 chapter fourth verse 137 Yan Ming Yan first section 138 section second song Yan poetry 146 appendix and inkstone in relation to other stationery in 175
The first chapter of history in ancient China Yan Yan is also called "research", the Eastern Han Dynasty Liu Xi "release, release the text of Yan," said: "studies, ink and moisten it." Xu Shen "Shuowen Jiezi" also said: "Yan, Ishi Ya." Slip and grind of similar meaning. This shows that the early inkstone is mainly a kind of grinder. As early as in ancient times, our ancestors to the rock painting notes, "Yan" is used to grind pigments. With the development of social and cultural progress, Yan gradually fixed for one special stationery study, its itself also is endowed with rich art connotations, from simple grinder ancient to modern fine ornamental stone, its aesthetic function more and more strong. Since the Han Dynasty, to the modern, some skilled craftsmen, literati are obsessed with the search, or cut to fineIn order to express, or title, temperament, they will inkstone as treasures, lifelong enjoy at. Yan, is not only the grinder, it is the Chinese nation's outstanding traditional culture organic composition part, former Japanese Prime Minister Teng Shan love yogoro had this praise: "from every inkstone, can feel Chinese history and culture." The first section of the origin of Yan Song Su Yijian "room four" set: "Yellow Emperor spectrum of a jade button, begin business to London, Japan: 'the Emperor Yan Hong's'." According to legend, this is the earliest one Yan Chinese. Ming Wang Sanpin "test" ancient and modern things also said: "its own text, namely the inkstone. Huang Di also covered at." Of course, these words are not to be trusted, but Chinese inkstone in ancient times had already appeared, it is an indisputable fact. Yan as a grinder in the primitive society, is accompanied by the emergence of primitive agriculture and the emergence of. In about 8000 B.C. ~ 5000, early Neolithic already appeared food grinder, which is very similar to that used for grinding tool grinding of natural pigments. And these old grinder and the Qin and Han Dynasties unearthed for early writing are extremely similar, therefore, between the two of them must have a close relationship with the evolution.
The "scholar's four jewels": "Yan" is a detailed account of the origin, development, ink, making schools, use, collection of books. Experts to write, writing concise, clear, informative. The use and collection and appreciation of the enlightenment, cultural heritage and arts crafts.
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