What is Chinese culture? Where to find Chinese traditional culture? All the books are the carrier China culture, the best popular classic is where the Chinese cultural spirit. "The Analects of Confucius" opened the influence of Confucianism for thousands of years Chinese, "Han Feizi" is the source of the thought of the rule of law, "the art of war" on behalf of the ancient war Chinese brilliant summary, "Sutra" represents China Buddhism achievement, "me" "book" "records of the historian" "dream of the red", representing China philosophy, history, literature and reach a height of...... However, because of barriers, classical Chinese history and complex, the different interpretation, classic is often put it away unheeded. The book collects the most representative China culture spirit thirty books from the ancient sea, please experts and scholars, a vivid description of the classic original and ideological essence, try to make the book became the modern people to enter the temple Chinese ancient great primer.
Pang Pu, male, born in 1928 in Jiangsu County of Huaiyin Province, Renmin University of China in 1954 graduated from the Graduate School of philosophy. Former Shandong University lecturer, "historical research" editor in chief and other staff, now Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, UNESCO "human scientific and cultural development history of" international editorial board, director of the research center of the international silk. Author of "research", '' Gongsun long "one divides into three -- China traditional thought in", "contemporary scholars optional Library -- Pang Pujuan", "bamboo 'five line' discourse annotation and research". Liu Zehua, male, born in 1935, Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang. Professor of History Department of Nankai University, director of the research center Chinese social history and other staff. Mainly engaged in teaching and research Chinese ancient history, the history of political thought of ancient Chinese etc.. Author of "the history of political thought", "Chinese traditional political thoughts", "Chinese of despotism", "wash ear studio presentation", "scholars and society" (Xian Qinjuan). "The history of political thought, China" three volumes, "China traditional political philosophy and social integration", "absolute power and Chinese society" etc.. Published academic papers.
The "me" -- the wisdom of life "Chuang-tzu" -- Philosophical fable "the Analects of Confucius" -- people found "Mencius" -- self cultivation "Shangshu" emperor "book of changes" -- textbooks -- divination "Han Feizi" rule of law philosophy -- "Sun Zibing law" -- the source of the art of war "Zuo Zhuan" -- countries to the "Warring States era records" -- Chinese rhetoric art "book of songs" -- the ancestors of the singing "Chu Ci" Elegy "-- and ShanHaiChing" -- Chinese most ancient myth "Huangdi Neijing" -- Chinese earliest books "records of the historian" -- the first general history China "baopuzi" -- Exploring longevity Road "Qi Min Yao Shu" -- agriculture is the "Shi Shuo Xin Yu" -- famous anecdote "Sutra" -- Zen Sublimity "Lee Taibai set --" Shixian weather "Du Gongbu collection" - poetry model "Dongpo seven sets" -- frustrated feelings "four books" -- on Confucian classics the authority of the interpretation of "dream" -- Chinese science history notes "five yuan" the ancestors exhibit of lanterns -- Zen quotations "Romance of the Three Kingdoms" -- the Patriots for the world. The story "the Water Margin" -- Chinese Greenwood culture "book burning" -- China culture treacherous consciousness "Yangming" -- the moral conscience of the new interpretation of "a dream of Red Mansions" -- the Grand View Garden fate and bio reprint postscript
Four, Chuang-tzu on the offspring culture by Chuang-tzu is the Warring States period, philosopher and litterateur. His thought of Confucianism and Taoism in the late Warring States period and the Qin and Han Dynasties combined produce very big effect. And don't say Han Fei Taoist and Legalist Thought fusion of legalism, only in his book is a fable form the philosophy, the "contradictions," said cites a craftsman sold spears and shields blow one's own horn story vividly reveals self contradiction. More importantly, the Qin and Han Dynasties. The so-called "Lu spring and Autumn", affected by the Huang Lao thought of "Huainan Zi" in the book of the popular fables by Chuang-tzu's literary style. The contribution of Chuang-tzu to the China traditional culture spirit, in literature and art and philosophy can be said to be racing together bridle to bridle. History experts China philosophy Ren Jiyu once put in the pre Qin period, the culture of the Chinese nation is divided into four regions: the Kong Meng Confucianism as the main body of the Zou Lu culture, inherited the Western Zhou Dynasty tradition and classics, formed a "poem", "book", "ritual". Qu Yuan, Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi as the representative of the Chu culture, forming a "Chu Ci", "me" and later "Chuang-tzu". By Han, Zhao, Wei San Jin in the fierce struggle area culture of Shanxi, formed the Wuqi, Shang Yang, Han Fei, Zhang Yi et al. Su Qin legalist and strategists. The Jixia. As the core was later extended to Yan Qi Yan culture, of the Guan Zhong school and Zou Yan School of Yin Yang and the five elements. Although this view needs to be further discussed, but the origin of the development of traditional culture of Chinese played a role in promoting. If we take the "moral" me, Qu Yuan "songs of the South" and the existing "Chuang-tzu" comparison, it is not difficult to find that their style is full of the spirit of romanticism, and the momentum of the grand. In philosophy they not like Confucianism as the description of Yao and Shun to talk about humanity, justice and morality, but at the heaven. Qu Yuan's "heaven" and "Tao" of Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi is the common origin of nature and human from the universe origin, from the day the sun and the moon, the Yin and Yang of gas until the human life, it seems not to pursue an invisible primitive not. If the "songs of Chu" is filled with patriotic tragic atmosphere, so Lao Zhuang is a kind of life attitude to escape from the reality, the self liberation. Throughout the history of China, whenever the dynasty replacement, China in turbulent times, both like Qu Yuan with a solemn atmosphere turn back the powers of darkness warriors, but also like the Lao Zhuang as amongst the mountains of celebrities. The influence of Taoism in the Qin and Han Dynasties of Huang Lao school, and Wei Jin metaphysics. When the Three Kingdoms, Wei, Shu, Wu each have their own scholars. Jingzhou area gathered many writers, scientists. Liu Bei, Zhu Geliang is on the basis of Jingzhou talent, occupied sichuan. Metaphysical Wang Bi ancestors Wang industry, Wang Can lived in Jingzhou, if the origin can be traced back to the Wei Jin metaphysics, Jingzhou culture. Although the prosperity of metaphysics in the Wei and Jin Dynasties in Luoyang, but the facial talent, began as early as the Eastern Han Dynasty. The so-called "talent", mostly comment from literature, wit, style, even with exaggerated color, this is art, is obviously influenced by Chuang-tzu. If there is no me, on the origin of universe by metaphysics chongbenximo without debate, so Chuang-tzu's relativism free spirit is the metaphysics in the Wei and Jin dynasties that free and easy self transcendence spirit plays an important role. At that time, not only has his "Chuang-tzu" to carry forward the spirit of Chuang-tzu, even Wang Bi's "meaning" theory also cites Chuang-tzu "得兔忘蹄" allusions. "These two concepts of language" and "meaning" from the "appendices?" I ", it refers to". "Have a tacit understanding" view from "Chuang-tzu": "outside Tsuen are so in fish, fish and forget Tsuen, let us in the rabbit, rabbit and so forget hoof; the speaker so care about, the pride and forgotten. I an Defu forget words and words are the." These words mean, long shaped bamboo cages for fishing, catch a fish can not the cages; rope to catch the rabbit, the rabbit can not catch the rope. Language to express meaning, to understand the meaning of language can forget. To forget the language of the people and what can talk to him? That is to say, to describe the avenue of the speech is difficult to say, forget the words people is hard to communicate with people. Wang Bizai "Book slightly cases" in quotes Chuang-tzu's "fish and forget Quan", "rabbit but forget hoof", "the pride and forget the words," explained his meaning thought. In addition, Chuang-tzu's "heart", "Oblivion" self transcendence and the pursuit of an ideal way spiritual freedom of metaphysics in the Wei and Jin dynasties have great influence. Guo Xiang's "Chuang-tzu" and Wang Bi "me" is the theoretical basis of injection of metaphysics. They put the saints are relentless, tired of thinking for drinking a metaphysician that informal ritual, way of life has a great influence. Wang Bi said: "the sage Mao to people, gods, like people, five feelings. The gods Mao, so can impulse and to pass without; five with love, so no matter not to. But the saints of love, should be no tired to things." Guo Xiang said: "although the saints in the temples on the mountain, but heart is tantamount to". These words mean, Saint gods can experience Chong and road?? No, but he also like common people have the passions of love in order to cope with the worldly things. The sage is love won't be involved, so the sage worldly things, sit in the temple and high rank, his heart was like in the silent trees so pure. The love without tired argument are the ones who make a sightseeing tour, be completely informal metaphysics' self proclaimed motto. As they escape from the reality or sarcastic realistic weapon to natural inaction. Ji Kang is because taunting Sima family usurped the Cao Wei regime, and flaunt the "filial" persecuted to death. The Wei Jin period of war and the change of regime, philosophers seem to be made of twisted personality and mysterious light wind to express his protest, give a person a kind of be cynical impression. Influenced by Taoism led the metaphysics of Wei and Jin China traditional culture is not only reflected in the abstract and speculative philosophy, more widely in literature and art, showing the factors of degradation of tragic consciousness. These factors are natural, Xian, wine, dream. The so-called "natural" is the imitation of nature, inaction of Taoist and without exception, philosophers to the Confucian tsunatsune norm ablation in the Tao of nature inaction in the. Wang Bi advocated "the norm for nature", he advocated the "norm is nature", Ji Kang advocated "the Confucian nature", Ruan Ji advocated "eclectic Mingjiao and nature", these views have changed in the pre Qin period Confucianism Taoism rejection attitude, so that Confucianism and Taoism thought together one state at heaven. This is reflected in the literature is the admiration of tragic consciousness to obtain the resolution natural landscape. This is the influence of Wang Bi, Guo Xiang the saint love without the tired spirit freedom of Wei Jin and landscape poems, and this time the China painting freehand brushwork and a reticent style.
Read a book, with thirty classic, see through the essence of Chinese culture. We dare not storytellers in the selected thirty books will be sufficient to represent the Chinese culture as a whole, and in one fell swoop include China traditional cultural spirit, China culture is so broad and profound, China traditional too long. However, if a drop of water can reflect the sun, a grain of sand can be imagined world, then, China traditional culture spirit, wouldn't it be from his tiny enlightenment? Watch industry, the thirty books are not too little. Pang Pu @##@ -- The book consists of thirty articles, each article is the book represents Chinese culture on one aspect of an introduction. To draw the outline of the cultural side, then this book embodies the Chinese culture this side of the introduction and summary. Participated in the preparation of the experts and scholars in various fields of expertise is the history and philosophy of universities. The book was in 1994 by the Liaoning people's Publishing House in China "spirit of traditional culture -- on behalf of Chinese culture" thirty book publishing, to do some revision of the original book basis, re publication.
Culture @ 2017