Chinese culture (5)

Date of publication:2007-8   Press: East China Normal University in Shanghai   Author:Gu Weilie   Pages´╝Ü458  
Preface

Comrades, teacher, Miss: change knife Holden title I have experienced a dramatic change: a hotel manager told staff, now change to the guest name. Then, one day I "comrade", "comrade" in, sleep, "Sir" "Sir". To replace the "comrades" pan, first "master in Beijing". 20 years ago from reading, and when the master, a surprise; for a long time, also be used and learned, even if the other side is a alive and kicking girl, neither artist, nor a craftsman, called a "master", not a. "Master" title spread to many places across the country, however, if the greeting in the province and the stranger strange call people may not understand, master, most insurance, or to "comrade" match. "Sir" the sooner or laterThings. Future, two farmer hoe dialogue, you sir I sir, this is how the vivid scene. But with Mr. corresponding for women, known as, a bit of trouble. Chinese women married does not change, so you and Mr. Zhang and his wife Lee with seats, is called her Mrs. Zhang, or Mrs. Lee? If the woman is alone, and you don't know her husband's name, what name? Are called "Lady", is too strict Su, and not suitable for acquaintances. "Miss" although popular, but in the face of middle-aged and older women do, is to imitate the "old comrades" call, people called "old lady"? But don't call way, and very rich, you can compile a "record" in modern terms. The most popular three class; I most is not familiar with, is this class three. The first is the call to rank, Zhao Ju, money, Sun Ke, king, who call who be in fine fig, feel oneself highly flattered. I was sent to the countryside "poverty alleviation" several years ago, placed in the township government, did not hang. There are many common research, conclusion is but I have class, so, I was known as the "knife chief", a year long. After I received stimulation, called rank more difficult to export. But one official, will produce quirks, you call his name, he listened to just like you criticize him. It also had to flee from the. Second is the respect for teachers. The year went to Shandong, the same age who are called me "teacher", great shock (s6ng), as if she had been a stick. Now the atmosphere the everywhere, although I have not taught, but the old is old, so more often heard this call. Others that I also just, you want me to call someone, is more difficult, because my view is that, many names can be widely used, but heaven parent teacher, seems not appropriate.
Summary

Cultural creative to promote the progress of human civilization, the cultural diversity that our world is colorful. Throughout the history of human culture, different parts of the world, the different nation created a splendid culture. In the cultural system of the world, Chinese culture with its broad and profound, long, unbroken and distinctive, it is a precious wealth of the human society. For 5000 years, China culture to adapt to the social progress and continue to bring forth the new through the old, rich development. With the China comprehensive national power and influence continue to improve, and cultural diversity and respect for differences, inclusive and diverse coexistence theory accepted by people of all countries, change concerns and needs of countries in the world to Chinese, China culture has revealed unique splendor. In the international Chinese language background, learning the Chinese language and culture to foreign students grow with each passing day Chinese. They are interested in has a history of five thousand years of civilization China, they are interested in and Chinese exchanges and economic and trade exchanges and cultural dedicate their one's ability and cleverness, they work hard, understand the connotation Chinese culture. This textbook is compiled for foreign students China culture learning. Teaching materials in the preparation of the full attention of the actual demand for foreign students learning cognitive pattern and content China cultural acceptance, in the unit combination and the content choice to reflect the main aspects Chinese culture. The style of each class by the "Introduction", "text", "read more" and "discussion", "Introduction" tips on basic point of a cultural branch of knowledge, "text", "read more" and "discussion" to guide the students in reading to deepen understanding, expand in the field of thinking. Culture is a living entity, deep soil of contemporary China culture rooted in the traditional culture, traditional culture, its form and content will change in different degrees in history. Traditional culture has the side of liquidity, there is also a constancy, namely its reasonable essence is not possible with the development of the times and digestion, but with the lapse of time is embodied in contemporary culture, life and growth in nature, continuous self-renewal. Teaching material in the content, in order to reasonably deal with the traditional culture and contemporary culture, not only pay attention to show the China culture long history, more attention to modern China culture fresh appearance, with characteristics of the times reflected the textbook.
Catalogue of books

Singing the national government first unit geography lesson Chinese geography of Jiuzhaigou Hai Zi Group of the world second lowland Turpan charm Xishuangbanna tropical rain forest Chinese panda second class Chinese nation holy Mosuo people take marriage rode the bridal and hold wooden pillow Mongolia nationality marriage customs into third classes China daijiazhulou regime sunrise East Ten Session of National People's Congress four conference the morning closing the democratic parties expatriate community Chinese have China population neighborhood second unit population surname education Female fourth lesson from the "only child" to "single parent" chat show: sex ratio imbalance is worried about out of land peasants DINK: will you still insist on the name and address of fifth class names Chinese pickup barnyard named cannot too weird, teacher, Miss comrades: the changes of the name "Miss" call seventy-two sixth class in Contemporary Chinese education and employment why kids look forward to hand women and occupation third unit Festival weddings and communication school academic and school grade paper, science students ten occupation ideal on how to enter the foreign seventh class China female female education of women what was the most beautiful woman in entertainment National Day is the Mid Autumn Festival eighth class China "blessing" upside down the legend of the year will China Year custom only eat dumplings on September marriage customs of marriage and funeral offering nine Double Ninth Festival ninth class Chinese reasons for breaking up the class birthday tenth Chinese communication etiquette etiquette to meet language changes in Shanghai Hakka Chinese big -- from "have you eaten" to "HELLO" Humanistic Olympics exactly how far are we from the tenth lesson Chinese leisure entertainment fitness: structure evolution Chinese characters city new white-collar living chess mahjong dull weekend fourth unit Chinese characters Chinese myth twelfth class Chinese characters Wan Tongzhi barge two veteran Chinese characters font of the traditional "Liushu" said on Chinese information processing thirteenth class idiom, vulgarism and Xiehouyu dragon flying back: Chinese animal words cultural associations Chinese "three" and "four": after a hot trend to pursue and praise idiom story two fourteenth class China contemporary catchwords 20 years social popular language written in popular language -- on the mouth modern popular new fifteenth class Chinese King Yu combating the flood myth Pangu the creation of the world Nuwa created man sky Hou Yi shot fifth unit sixth academic belief Unit building process Chinese Wushu unit seventh unit eighth food clothing art culture exchange @##@. Culture is a living entity, the deep soil of China culture rooted in the traditional culture. The book is "one of the ordinary higher education 'eleven to five' national planning materials," the book with full attention to the actual needs of foreign students cognitive law and content Chinese cultural acceptance, strives to reflect the main aspects Chinese culture, the material consists of eight unit of thirty lessons, the concrete content includes Chinese geographical, ethnic, the regime, population, surname, education etc.. In each class is "Introduction", "text", "read more" and "discussion", "Introduction" tips on basic point of a cultural branch of knowledge, "text", "read more" and "discussion" to guide the students in reading to deepen understanding, expand the field of vision in thinking.
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