Chinese ancient culture common sense

Date of publication:2008-08   Press: SANQIN Publishing House   Author:Shao Shimei, Tao 夕佳, Jiang Xiaobo   Pages:137  

In the long history China literature development, not only masters come forth in large numbers, abundant works, and genres, constitute a colorful literary history. The boat, to walk, it is not difficult to understand Chinese wonders of literature history. If the whole Chinese culture compared to the vast and boundless sky, then, writer, works and literary genres like dazzling stars, they add radiance and beauty to each other in the history of literature, China emitted a strange light. Learning and inheriting the literary heritage, to understand and grasp the literature of proprietary terminology is important. To read the writings in classical style, the only word, word, sentence knowledge is not enough, because the ancient poetry is the reflection of the ancient social reality, is related to the cultural background of the specific, so some knowledge about the ancient culture is very necessary.

"China ancient culture common sense" language is concise and fluent, can see the growth of readers, a broader vision, to benefit the reader. Learning and inheriting the literary heritage, the term of proper nouns, understanding and knowledge of literature, is important. "Chinese ancient culture common sense" set of knowledge, interest in one, covering the festivals, traditional customs, cultural celebrities, cultural books, office administration, imperial examination education, style, text, music and dance genre painting, entertainment and sports, drama, philosophy and ethics, a legal, political, social, imperial court etiquette class the patriarchal family, names and titles, more than 10, for nearly one thousand ancient cultural knowledge briefly described, in order to let everybody know more ancient culture common sense.
Catalogue of books

Festivals traditional customs and culture of celebrity culture classics the imperial examination education office style schools of music and dance forms of legal text and Emperor ritual politics social class patriarchal family name appellation
Chapter excerpt

The Dragon Boat Festival May in Chinese lunar calendar is Dragon Boat Festival, also known as the Dragon Boat Festival, end of the five day, the Dragon Boat Festival festival. The ancients bath to bluegrass Decoction on this day, also called the bath festival. Taoism is known today as "La festival". During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Beijing also known as the Dragon Boat Festival is "daughter Festival", "May festival". The Dragon Boat Festival is the most important holiday Chinese summer, there are different versions of its origin. According to the research: the fifth day of May is Dragon Festival, the ancient Jiangnan Wu Yue believed in the dragon totem, Dragon Boat Festival every day to hold various kinds of religious activities. The period of the Warring States Chu the patriotic poet Chu Yuan patriotic, but vilified in exile. Qin conquered the capital, he was grief stricken, could not bear to see the national death and shattered their own political ideals, in 278 BC, May in Chinese lunar calendar day Jiang cast Dutch act, died for the country. Later people Dragon Boat Festival will be transferred to the memory of his. Originally associated with the Dragon Festival Dragon Boat Race, the custom of eating zongzi, its meaning has changed, become offering hanging the activities of Qu Yuan. In May 5th, it was the beginning of the summer, hot weather, disease prone, in ancient China is considered "bad", "bad day", so people drink realgar Yellow Wine, hang calamus, wormwood in front of the door, to avoid the evils peace. July 7th day July 7th in Chinese lunar calendar is the night China traditional festivals in the July 7th day. July 7th day originated in the myths and legends. China northern rural areas have such a custom: the seventh in July this day, put the fruit, to Vega Gregorian calendar, I hope to pass to the weaver art world, so July 7th Festival is also called Qiqiao festival. As early as the Han Dynasty have been Qiqiao custom. "Notes Xijing" recorded: "Han official mining female often in July 7th in seven holes on cardigan building." July 7th day, women can not only skills to the weaver to beg, also can pray to the weaver, according to different circumstances and his own desire, pray, pray for longevity. Folk have a custom: every seventh in July this day, the newly married daughter back home, the reason is afraid of Wang Mu empress see newlyweds happiness life, forcing them apart. Temporary separation way with people, in order to avoid Wang Mu Niang Niang, long reunion, so the day is also called the obstacle festival. The Mid Autumn Festival, the lunar calendar in August fifteen Mid Autumn Festival to celebrate the festival, is mainly Chinese traditional festivals, the second festival is after the Chinese New year. There are different versions of the origin of the mid autumn festival. Say from Autumn Festival, because the crops mature, people worship the God of the land, harvest to Xie Shenqing: that originated from the ancient worship custom. Anyway, the mid autumn festival customs are associated with the moon, such as the festival, moon, eat moon cakes. The Mid Autumn Festival to eat moon cakes, according to legend originated from Tang Minghuang. Tang Minghuang swim months after the annual Mid Autumn Festival, and yang. When the full moon, eat moon cake shaped like a moon cake, enjoy singing and dancing, about the origin, the round moon, the round moon cakes, is a symbol of reunion. The Mid Autumn Festival reunion is the people Xiangyan long custom, it is commonly known as the "festival of reunion". Chujiu Chung Yeung Festival September in Chinese lunar calendar is called the Double Ninth Festival, also known as the "Double Ninth Festival", "the dogwood festival". Double ninth, the earliest found in the Liang Dynasty Wu Jun "Qi continued resonance in mind" a book. The effect is: the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ru'nan Ruhe devil of plague epidemic area damage, pain, groaning sound around. There lived a man named Huan Jing, has experienced hardships and dangers, thanks teacher to Fei Changfang mountains, in order to save the spell. One day, Fei Changfang of Huan Jing said: "in September 9th the devil and harm, you go back to rescue his family." And told him: "the day climbing, with a red cloth bags on dogwood tied in the arm; drink chrysanthemum wine can destroy the devil, from the plague." Huan Jing to tell folks, times. On September 9th, Ru River surging, diffuse clouds, the devil came to piedmont, driven by the chrysanthemum wine gas pungent, dogwood, Yi Xiang, was beheaded in Huan Jing mountain. In the evening, people down the mountain to return home, I saw cattle dead, and people are safe and sound. From then on, this custom refuge custom, is handed down from generation to generation. Laba "La" is an ancient cult, a good year, harvest, and at the end of the year for the gods of heaven and earth worship activities held for. The ancient Chinese in December La Festival ancestors 100 God, so called the twelfth lunar month in December. Then the wax offering days were selected in each of twelve in early eight, is called laba. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, it became a festival, the Laba Festival is mainly offer God, worship the gods and ancestors, sacrifice to demons rang disaster, and later added the "red bean" ghost "and eat Congee with Nuts and Dried Fruits" customs. Chun long festival of China folk have "in February two, the rise of the dragon", because the first two days of February this day, general sum soon after the solar term near. Jingzhe means the hibernating animalIs spring thunder woke up, even to sleep a winter long also not spared. This is our country folk. The first two days of February dragon festival. That day in February two, people make Dragonscale cake, dragon beard noodles to eat, some places do not allow women to sew, so as to avoid the "sting" dragon eyes. The fifteen Lunar New Year Lantern Festival Lantern Festival is the lunar January. This is the beginning of the new year the first day of full moon, family reunion, spend the night, so the ancients called the Lantern festival. This day to eat "lantern". "Lantern", alias Glutinous Rice Balls, is a kind of glutinous rice flour wrapped in a variety of sweet "dumpling", rinse cooked food. The Lantern Festival is held exhibit of lanterns lanterns custom, so it is also called the Lantern festival. To this day, each and every family hanging lanterns, fireworks, the street lamp lanterns hanging high million a superb collection of beautiful things. In the northern cold regions, but also making in different poses and with different expressions of the ice. People in addition to the lantern festival lanterns, guess riddles written on lanterns, lights, but also to sing, dragon dance, lion dance, yangko dance and a series of activities, so we often say "Lantern festival". The festival of the lunar calendar in July 15th for "Ghost Festival", also called "halloween". On this day, people worship ancestors, miss the. Every day, the temple has a feast of chrysanthemum, turn undead. Commercially available money, Ming cauliflower, cake, milk cake, cake like feng. To worship their ancestors, and forecast the autumn harvest. Cold food festival is also known as the "smoking section", "cold day", Chinese traditional folk festivals. In the Ching Ming Festival one or two days. This No Burning, only eat cold food, hence the name. Legend has it that in the magistrate Jin Nen Suke, because of the dielectric of push-pull wood burning to death, and then set fire ban, Hanshi day. The late Eastern Han Dynasty, because family unbearable cold food, Cao Cao was ((Ming sent ", shall be the. During the festival, folk has inserted to push Yan (flour and Zaoni cake, knead swallow shaped), sweep the tombs and other customs. Today many Northerners and offerings to the grave. This folk have cold, clear and as a holiday. The traditional folk festivals, when the Gregorian calendar before and after December 22nd, namely a midwinter day. Zhou Dai has a memorial ceremony. The Han Dynasty as the season, a festival customs. Cai Yong "arbitrary": "the winter solstice, Yang, Jun Tao long so he. The day before, people shelter static body, Baiguan vast things not hearing, optional Jichen then save." Folk said the winter solstice as "too small", also known as the "He Dong". Business today, rest, school holidays, and should be the food mutually banquets, gifts, auspicious to celebrate the festival, the custom of "winter solstice" saying. Staying-up folk customs. New year's Eve, the whole family eat the dinner on New Year's Eve, so everyone the poly drink, until dawn, called staying-up. A new year, Qizhu mother longevity. Also known as "new year", pay New Year's call "celebrate the New Year", the Spring Festival activities. Its origin is not a. Legend ancient times there is a "year" of the monster, on the twelfth lunar month thirty night out, from door to door to residual ogre group. People had to put the carnivorous placed at the door, and shut the door, hide in the home, until early morning, people open the door to see the face, with joy, eat congratulate each other is not "year", then pay New Year's call wind rain legend. As the beginning of the year Asaka, Qin and Han Dynasties has. Pay New Year's call, for parents to go a big gift, children will give the reward, same generation submissively greeting. Libi, men go out visit relatives and friends, the order is: the first, the third grade of his worship, worship of maternal uncles, uncle, father and other close relatives and good friends, the distant worship to sixteen. Open the old acquaintances meet for the first time, it must be in "Happy New Year", "new fortune", "auspicious" such words as I wish. Not meeting, a card go namely, called "flying card". Posted goalkeeper Festival customs. The Lunar New Year (Spring Festival), each and every family will be painted door god paintings affixed to the door. This custom has been two thousand years of history. Early in order to exorcise the ghost town, modern is more festive joy. The old folk general joy stick, Chung Kuei ghost door, door god evil spirit legend this town. Also paste "Fu" door god, the legend can be. The Song Dynasty, this custom evolved New Year paintings hanging. Since then, "posted goalkeeper" and "hang New Year paintings" and become the two kind of folk custom coexist, generally in the preparation of Festival (lunar January early morning post). Spring Festival holiday customs. An evil door trim new year folk pop. Folk in two peach board hanging in the portal, Tu, Yu Lei two painted statues or book two God, to pressure the evil ghost, so called. According to legend, hit by Huang Di. In the Warring States period has been the custom, at that time, the Central Plains area during the Spring Festival, each and every family hung, describe the Killing Curse blessing spells. To the Ming Dynasty book on paper, evolved into the offspring of couplets, and became its alias. Also known as "poetic couplet couplet", "warning", "spring.". The Lunar New Year (Spring Festival) written with red paper pasted on the door of the couplet. ((Song Shi family, saying: "after the Shu Meng 昶令 Bachelor Xin Yinxun Taofu board," Chang at the non working, ture pen questions cloud: 'new year, Yuqing, Jia Festival, Changchun'." Generally, this is the China earliest scrolls. The song, written language has become a trend of literati, Su Shi "be retired to learn old Taofu" poem, the words that the custom. Although "couplets" officially named, began in the Ming Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang. Chen Yunzhan "Dan Yun Chun miscellaneous words": "the Emperor (Ming Taizu) are Jinling, on New Year's Eve, the edicts have come suddenly Gongqing Shishu home, the door must add spring festival couplet one." The language requirement "words are equal, the same structure, part of speech, as well as the association". Qing Emperor Qianlong poet sun ran between Yunnan Kunming Daguan Lou written language, up to one hundred and eighty characters, known as "the best in all the land under". Also known as the "gift money" money "," pressure Shung money ", folk custom. New year's Eve, eat dinner, by the elders to the younger branch donated money, and with the red line woven copper clusters, hang T /]VL chest, that can pressure the evil spirits, so. That has been popular since the Six Dynasties, because of the "old" and "was" homophonic, "lucky" or "pressure was", so called "gift money". If the same number of hanging coins, and children with age, called "with money". Because the money in the staying-up night, so it is also called "staying-up money". The harvest ceremony to pray for the coming year. Ming says Mr Gu Qing Dynasty in Beijing, the annual Lunar New Year lunar January Hall of prayer to heaven to pray the valley. Folk in the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival beat gongs and sound drums, welcome each temple statues, parade Street Town, worship worship the wish, to pray for a good harvest.
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"Ancient culture" by Chinese Sanqin publishing house.
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