As the Spring Festival

Date of publication:2009-1   Press: Xiao Fang, Feng Qiuxiang, Wang Rongpei, Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press (2009-01)   Author:Xiao Fang et al   Pages´╝Ü302  
Preface

The Spring Festival is the first day, she has a special position in the Chinese national culture system. Said the special cultural phenomenon, because life was not in general, can be simple to replace or change. The Spring Festival, in the inheritance and development of thousands of years to form a strong historical and cultural traditions, she loaded with rich cultural heritage, is an important opportunity for hundreds of millions of Chinese polymerization of emotion. "Money money, home to have the Spring Festival." Have the Spring Festival home, has become a cultural habits Chinese. Have the Spring Festival lies not only in the family after being apart a long time and enjoy the happiness, more important is to seek the cultural sense of belonging and comfort. The Spring Festival and the Western Christmas Chinese have similar cultural function, and the spring festival full of human ethical color. During the Chinese New Year new year, people in the sound of firecrackers, Spring Festival couplets, dragon and lion dance New Year paintings color springs, spring and noise, to meet the Chinese new year. The Chinese nation is placid, introverted tradition, but also to forge ahead, and change trend of the new nation. The Spring Festival as Chinese time marker, fully embodies the Chinese traditional feelings and renewing consciousness. Once a year the Chinese new year, is the sons and daughters of the Chinese traditional family, review repeat handover time, is also the spirit, to meet the future starting point.
Summary

The Spring Festival is the first day, she has a special position in the Chinese national culture system. Said the special cultural phenomenon, because life was not in general, can be simple to replace or change. The Spring Festival, in the inheritance and development of thousands of years to form a strong historical and cultural traditions, she loaded with rich cultural heritage, is an important opportunity for hundreds of millions of Chinese polymerization of emotion. "Money money, home to have the Spring Festival." Have the Spring Festival home, has become a cultural habits Chinese. Have the Spring Festival lies not only in the family after being apart a long time and enjoy the happiness, more important is to seek the cultural sense of belonging and comfort. The Spring Festival and the Western Christmas Chinese have similar cultural function, and the spring festival full of human ethical color. During the Chinese New Year new year, people in the sound of firecrackers, Spring Festival couplets, dragon and lion dance New Year paintings color springs, spring and noise, to meet the Chinese new year. The Chinese nation is placid, introverted tradition, but also to forge ahead, and change trend of the new nation. The Spring Festival as Chinese time marker, fully embodies the Chinese traditional feelings and renewing consciousness.
Author brief introduction

Xiao Fang, male, Yingshan County, Hubei city of Huanggang, 1960 November. In 1983, 1986 at the Hubei University, Jiangxi normal university undergraduate course graduate with a master's degree in history bachelor. The beginning of 1986 as the research teaching in Jiangxi Normal University, Hubei University, lecturer in 1989. From 1991 to 1992 as a visiting scholar in Chinese Department of Beijing normal university. In 1993 the promotion to associate professor. In 1996 the Chinese department under the famous folk literature and art, Beijing Normal University, Professor of folklore Zhong Jingwen in folklore, PhD, 1999, doctorate in June. From 1999 to 2001 continued to follow the Zhong Jingwen professor for postdoctoral research in Beijing Normal University postdoctoral flow station Chinese language and literature. In teaching, Chinese began in 2001 April Department of Beijing Normal University Professor, doctoral tutor, the national Ministry of Education Humanities and social science research base -- director of folklore studies folk ancient writing research center. As China folk association, China "postdoctoral" magazine editorial board. In recent years, Xiao Fang has assumed China cultural history, Chinese history, folk culture, Chinese folklore, folklore, folk literature bachelor's degree and postgraduate courses. At the same time, has made some achievements in scientific research, has presided over, involved in a number of national and provincial and ministerial level scientific research. Above the provincial level in the national academic journals published more than 80 papers, published 4 monographs, had participated in the "Introduction to folklore", "Chinese culture" to prepare, and ancient annotation compile if cadres. Won the award the first prize of Beijing Normal University Li yun.
Catalogue of books

One, the origin of the Chinese new year, the Spring Festival in two Chinese historical evolution of 1 Han Zhengdan 2 dynasties of Sui and Tang Dynasties is 3 yuan 4 Yuan Ming of the new year's day 5 times since the Spring Festival, the Spring Festival the ups and downs of the three traditions of the old 1 to send 2 new year new year, spring 4 and 3 5 month fifteen "Lantern Festival" four, the literary works of the 1 ancient poems in the Spring Festival Spring Festival 2 in ancient Chinese novels, the Spring Festival Spring Festival five modern significance of 1 Spring Festival is an important force in aggregate national emotion 2 Spring Festival is an important way to nourish the spirit of national culture 3 Spring Festival is an important cultural heritage and cultural resources of the 4 Spring Festival is becoming a worldwide Festival
Chapter excerpt

Two, the Spring Festival in the evolution history of the Han Dynasty established China from lunar January first year, the Spring Festival in China has two years of history. It closely and farming, sacrifice a, has the special significance in the state's political and social life. Although, because of dynasties, the change of the times, "the Spring Festival" and the name of the custom is different, but people pay attention to this festival has continued for thousands of years. 1 in Han Dynasty, it is the Qin and Han Dynasties, Chinese society gradually from the primitive religious belief in early age, people's ideas began to change fundamentally, in compliance with the natural home time habits change gradually, when the coordination of festivals and social life attention. As at the beginning of the year the Spring Festival, in the Qin and Han Dynasties social meaning is clear, the court will the beginning of the year as opportunity and strengthen his righteousness, folk is regarded as the family reunion day. The Qin Dynasty to the early Hanzhoung period, in the lunar calendar in October, at the beginning of October for the new year. The emperor was too at the beginning of the first year (BC 104 years) at the beginning of the month will be determined in the Jian Yin month (or lunar calendar lunar January), later dynasties xiangyan. So with the four solar term of spring approaching, the beginning of the year and the four seasons beginning with at the beginning of time, new year and spring and celebrate. The October new year in the Han Dynasty called "Qin old song", the celebration ceremonies also preserved. "Age Jingchu" is still in "Qin old song" eat millet broth, records, and then to the future generations, "Qin old song" evolved into the "summer day".
Editor recommends

The words "Spring Festival" to the Chinese and foreign readers offered a Chinese folk paper scroll, a comprehensive introduction to the Spring Festival origin, historical development and local customs.
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