About the opera from Chaoshan folk operas in the argument, represented by Xiao Yaotian. He was the originator said in his book "Chaozhou Chao opera drama music" in Chaozhou are "off 戏童 witchcraft". According to Xiao Yaotian research, since the end of Ming Dynasty, anisotropic drama in succession at the gate of Chaozhou (South), such as pronunciation play, opera, drama (Opera) outside the flower, make originally very local flavor of the Guan Xitong, yangko dance, sing songs, fighting local drama in the form of absorption of the merits of these anisotropic drama after, gradually formed today's opera. The main ideas of Xiao Yaotian through the paper is the Chaozhou Shantou, Chaozhou Opera from the folk drama, drama is "nourishing" anisotropy and make it smooth and become an independent drama. According to the statement, is generally believed that the development of Ming Dynasty opera is tide, tide cavity and enrichment, and the tide, tide is the source of cavity of Southern Song, which is a product of local opera drama, the subject is south instead of Chaoshan folk drama, therefore, Xiao 遥天 view obviously is wrong. The opera is a 2 opera Yiyang cavity from Yiyang cavity is represented by Zhang Bojie. His "origin and history of the opera" the view, the opera in Yiyang, chamber for the Pope, after comprehensive Kunqu Opera, opera, Shaanxi opera, folk dance, and then gradually emerged, minor evolution as an independent local operas. This article has a certain influence at home and abroad, especially in the field of drama studies. The earliest understanding of Chaozhou Opera origin, mostly from the viewpoint of this article, that is "Yiyang opera relic", "Yiyang cavity" tribe ", is the Yiyang cavity in spread directly after the product" (Zhang Geng, Guo Seoul editor: "Chinese opera history"). This view in the "after the Chaozhou five plays" issue, the same has become uncertain theory. The opera is a 3 source of Southern SongThe opera is the source of Southern Song is represented by Li Guoping. In 1979, research laboratory published "opera art communication in Guangdong opera institute art" (internal data) second, published Li Guoping to write a "tide is from Yiyang cavity? The opera is the two "-- search for the source of a paper. Based on the South tune into around, think Yiyang cavity is a drama, a tide of Nanxi, is therefore, in the southern Chaozhou tide should be said to be "southern opera relic". According to one that is unique to chime in not Yiyang cavity. To sing, sing the chime is and, it comes from the folk songs, this is common sense; the author on income "Yongle" in the three skit on top "," "small sun Tu" and "a playboy for a" for reference, demonstrated in Yiyang cavity before chimed in, and a tone of Yuyao cavity is background chimed. According to the two recorded "This Song Jia said Yiyang cavity, two from Jiangxi, Hunan, Beijing, Fujian and Guangdong with" and "Nan CI Xu Lu" and recorded "Yiyang cavity misuse Xiang language, the Quartet, customers like the smell of the" guest "s", the two and the records of "tide adjustable", "surge chamber" near in time; and "Li Jing", "golden girls" and "Su Liu Niang" three dramas in Ming Dynasty version than the version so far, Yiyang cavity can be seen more complete, more distant. Therefore, the author concludes the opera originated in Southern Drama orthography, affecting not only with a Yiyang accent, also were influenced by Kunqiang, but four big tune is not a source of. Until 1982, research laboratory published "opera art communication in Guangdong opera institute art" (internal data) Eighth, and published by Li Guoping, an important research paper "drama and opera -- and Edition (Dictionary) [orthography drama. Yiyang cavity] the discussion", this paper is divided into three chapters. The first chapter the author "Ci Hai" in Yiyang cavity explanatory articles -- "due to spread widely, and the same around the language, the tune or opera combines, in direct, indirect effects of it, have a lot of new drama Qingyang cavity, tide drama, or become part of the local opera, on the formation of high pitched this a tune system, plays a large role", for the analysis, pointed out the opera, tide is a tribe of yuan and Ming drama, is south in the East, South Fujian dialect of Chaozhou region localization. Therefore, Yiyang cavity and folk drama is the tide, tide the cavity in the development of the flow, while the Southern Drama is the source. In addition, this article also through to the "Li Jing", "golden girls", "Su Liu Niang" dialect singing tune, tune system, with music and Orchestra, chorus, singing, song to song, sing white miscellaneous endorsement Nanxi specifications, seven angle scale of the collation, tide, tide in that chamber "Ming, Qing local history and literary notes has never put it on Yiyang cavity or other tune in to record, are treated as independent cavity existence"; coupled with the Chaozhou in the Ming Jiajing fourteen years (in 1535) into the book "Guangdong annals" records "visit to the tide vulgar to accent the opera", that the song to the early tide the long gestation period, and its formation is in the middle period of the Ming dynasty. The second chapter the author according to the "Ci Hai" orthography drama explanatory articles -- orthography drama "formed in the late Ming, the Siping, Qingyang cavity and development. With the high tone, Kun Opera, singing, read to 中州韵 as the basis ";" Zhengzi opera in South Fujian also called 'Siping play' or 'word Ming drama'. The source of the mid Ming Dynasty Hui Chi ya, Fujian Guangdong by descendants. There ',' Qingyang ',' the two major tunes, belongs to the high system, commonly known as the standard pronunciation. With many Kunqu and miscellaneous notes ";" Zhengzi opera originally, after the Republic of China with the 'Dramas' symmetry was renamed' orthography drama "'said, to" remember "and" Cai Bojie nobile "as the basis, demonstration of Zhengzi opera as the Yuan Dynasty drama; pointed out that the" problem "of dialect words and write nobile instrument such as," Song She is a man of good dialect wind shuttle, speak very silly songs ", musical instruments such as the drum stick [three], indicating the Zhengzi opera performances in Chaozhou, and the musical accompaniment with the Yiyang cavity sang is a difference. But "Cai Bojie" is "the originator of string.", and the orthography drama opera repertoire retained many yuan and Ming drama repertory; Zhengzi opera drum gongs and cymbals and strings [three drum sticks] and pipe string and Zhengzi opera opera tune significant live five six seven tone scale, it can be proved the opera, orthographic and white tune into the system. The author thinks that this is they can not merge in Yiyang cavity conclusive evidence. In the third chapter, the author introduces the relevant argument to Fang Fang and orthography drama, opera and the orthography drama as Yiyang or Qingyang, Siping cavity cavity, and the opera was reasoned into late Ming Dynasty. However, the main basis has five: first, the second, "chimed in; Xu Wei Nan CI Xu book" that "Yiyang cavity...... Fujian and Guangdong by "; third, Wanli Fujian is" emblem pool elegant melody "," Qing Kun tune ", anthology; fourth, Fujian CI Ming drama also called orthography drama; fifthly, Fujian and Guangdong had Siping said etc.. The above argument will be analyzed, and draw a conclusion that, in "Li Jing" plays as the symbol, Minnan dialect languages for specification, including the spring tide cavity Chaozhou, Quanzhou dialect singing, is associated with the "four tune". It should be the four tune (salt cavity, cavity Kunqiang, Yu Yaoqiang, Yiyang) and a tune outside, namely "fifth tune". A spring tide cavity for the Ming Dynasty "fifth tune" argument, Li Guoping opera tune of theory research, caused bigger echo in the opera, has high academic value, and this theory also confirms the conclusion of the Chaozhou Opera -- Ming Xiwen was found, finishing, after the study confirmed generally has formed unique style and the integrity of the performance form in the middle period of Ming Dynasty, Chaozhou dramas the former is a southern song that orthography drama metamorphosis.......
South of the five ridges, called South of the Five Ridges, south of the Five Ridges culture has the bright characteristic and the long traditional geographical area of South of the Five Ridges people formed thousands of years, is an important part of Chinese culture. Due to the side at one corner, south of the Five Ridges culture in the self development stage in the Qin and Han Dynasties ago basically, the Qin and Han Dynasties and the Central Plains cultural exchanges have become increasingly frequent. The Ming and Qing Dynasties to the modern times, the foreign culture spread unceasingly, Western learning spreading to the East, south of the Five Ridges has become the dissemination and promotion of the eastern and Western civilizations trailbreaker, emerged as a leader, Chen Baisha, Huang Zunxian, Liang Ting - Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao, Sun Zhongshan such a large number of times. At the beginning of twentieth Century 70's at the end of the wave of reform and opening up, south of the Five Ridges once again become a test field and the bridgehead, to dominate the country. In the long course of development, south of the Five Ridges culture and the formation of compatibility, pragmatic, open, innovation and other characteristics, provides individual elements diversity and full of life energy into the Chinese culture is rich and the reconstruction of the old. Moreover, south of the Five Ridges culture can be divided into three plate Guangdong culture, culture Guangxi, Hainan culture, and culture to belong to Guangdong Cantonese culture, tide Shan culture, Hakka culture as the core and main body. In response to the Guangdong provincial Party committee, the provincial government to build a big cultural province's call, summarize the fine traditional culture of South of the Five Ridges, promote south of the Five Ridges cultural research and the dissemination of prosperity, in the Guangdong provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department of guidance and support, experts and scholars of Jinan University press organizations in Institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutions in compiling this set of "south of the Five Ridges Culture Series", the series consists of "Cantonese culture series", "Chaoshan Culture Series" and "Hakka Culture Series" three series a total of 30 books, historical sites, residential buildings, local sages, dialect, arts and crafts, and eating habits Nothing needed is lacking., attempts from the regional classification angle show complete style and the essence of the culture of South of the Five Ridges. In the preparation process, we try to do the general character and individuality of object are unified, academic and popular combination, illustrations, suit and the common people. We hope that these 30 books can be introduced and promote the culture of South of the Five Ridges's business card, for the south of the Five Ridges economic and cultural construction again provide valuable spiritual resources. There is a need to explain, this book has been approved for projects funded by the 2009 annual "Guangdong provincial cultural industry development funds", in the declaration of the project and series in the process of compiling, Guangdong provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department leadership on many occasions to give guidance, and put forward many valuable comments; the relevant leaders and experts and scholars of Zhongshan University, South China University of Technology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou University, Hanshan Normal University, Foshan University, Shaoguan University, Jiaying University and Jinan University also gave strong support and help, we are sincerely, sincere thanks! "South of the Five Ridges Culture Series" editorial board in June 18, 2011
South of the Five Ridges culture series, the
order: an introduction to work / Opera and Chao Le Wu Guoqin
A, the opera is an overview of
(1) the real subject China drama is drama
(two) a highly mature drama culture must withstand the national highest level ideological culture
(three) in 2006 June, the State Council announced the first batch of 518 state-level
intangible cultural heritage, the opera in which
(four) the opera development history in the laws of
(five) opera evolution development history can be divided into plate
(six) the main difference between
the opera and other Opera (seven) of the opera at home and abroad to become the trendsetter accent
(a) opera is the origin of four.
a Teochew opera origin (two) "the Chaozhou opera in five"
the Chaozhou music
. "South of the Five Ridges Culture Series" by "Cantonese culture series", "Chaoshan Culture Series" and "Hakka Culture Series" three series a total of 30 books, historical sites, residential buildings, local sages, dialect, arts and crafts, and eating habits Nothing needed is lacking., attempts from the regional classification angle show complete style and essence the culture of South of the Five Ridges. "Opera and Chaozhou music" is "south of the Five Ridges Culture Series" series "Chaoshan Culture Series" in a book. "Opera and Chaozhou music" is divided into the opera music, surge by two parts content.
South of the five ridges, called South of the Five Ridges, south of the Five Ridges culture has the bright characteristic and the long traditional geographical area of South of the Five Ridges people formed thousands of years, is an important part of Chinese culture. In response to the Guangdong provincial Party committee, the provincial government to build a big cultural province's call, summarize the fine traditional culture of South of the Five Ridges, promote south of the Five Ridges cultural research and the dissemination of prosperity, in the Guangdong provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department of guidance and support, experts and scholars of Jinan University press organizations in Institutions of higher learning and scientific research institutions in compiling this set of "south of the Five Ridges culture series".
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