A geographical masterpiece, "have no equal in this world it much, water, floating sky, or stop at nothing. All things are not run." With the development of history, the river attracted more and more attention. In early sixth Century the birth of the "waterways", "special records in ancient China river channel is" as the key link. "Water," a book on the Three Kingdoms period, the author has not testA total of 137 rivers, records, but only briefly introduce each Heyuan provenance, through which River and finally into, the comparative neglect. "Shuijingzhu" is based on "water", and other supplementary tributary water up to 1252; if it contains lake, lake, Po, Ze, springs, canals, pool, so the river water, it will be down 2596, several times in the "water". "Shuijingzhu" full 30 more than word, one by one, the source of the water tribe, flows, flows through the area of convergence, and river, and each basin topography, climate, soil, plants, agricultural. Water, mineral and cities, places of historic interest and scenic beauty. The evolution of geography, customs, historical stories, myths and legends, have made detailed description. "Object" shuijingzhu written, in addition to the Western Han Dynasty territory, but also to the many overseas areas, including today's India, in some areas of the Indo China Peninsula and the Korean Peninsula, coverage area is unprecedented. "Shuijingzhu" a Book China before sixth Century geographical works of the great, is the hydrology, important documents, historical geography, economic geography, hydrology, archaeology and so on, is the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties landscape prose works. Is praiseworthy for one's excellent conduct, so rich and colorful, cover and contain everything is not simply a list, but the logic of systematic, comprehensive description. As Professor Hou Renzhi aptly summarized: "he endowed geographic description to time depth. Also given many historical events with a realistic specific space." Li Daoyuan and his book Li Daoyuan (466 or 472-527) word of good length, the Northern Wei Fan Yang (now Hebei province Zhuoxian county) people.
"Shuijingzhu" written in sixth Century, was written by Li Daoyuan, the more than 30 words, to "water" as the key link, records of 1252 rivers, one by one, the source of water, the tribe, flows, flows through the area, bus and general situation of the river, and one for each watershed landform, climate, plants, agricultural, mineral and cities, places of historic interest and scenic beauty, customs, historical stories, myths and legends, has done a detailed narrative, a content rich geographic encyclopedia.
to make this epic masterpiece in the most suitable for modern people's reading the perfect show, the editor made the following innovations: first, the book is translated as accurate smooth vernacular, easy to read. Secondly, most of the rivers in the original text has been recorded in the modern position of textual criticism, and mark in the text. Once again, the complete version included a variety of precious "shuijingzhu" figure, help the reader the most easily understand the vicissitudes of the ancient geography and historical geography. Finally, according to the contemporary li studies authoritative expert Professor Chen Qiaoyi works in the research and the research results, made 90 "shuijingzhu" research topics. Trying to save both the "waterways" of the original, but also increase the reading interest, make it suitable for modern people to read, collection, relatives and friends of the classic text books.
Li Daoyuan (466 or 472 - 527) word of good length, the Northern Wei Fan Yang (now Hebei province Zhuoxian county) people. He likes to travel from childhood, cultivate "visit to search of the rivers" interest, adult across large areas of the North Huang Huai River, footprints all over Hebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, the Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Anhui province. He went to serious investigation channel situation, visiting places of historic interest and scenic beauty, in a field study rich collection of data; and a large amount of literature, the book up to 437, a collection of Han stone tablets up to about 350, also included many proverbs dialect, folk songs, legends and stories, the "water shortage" and the error were added, modified, lasted half finished have no equal in this world geographical masterpiece "shuijingzhu". The reason about writing a "waterways"
, Li Daoyuan made confessed in his preface: firstly, the existing geographical books "," ShanHaiChing too shortage complex; "Yugong" with only the outline; "Han geography" records: "water is not enough." although the river, but are too sketchy. He to own rich geographical knowledge to future generations, finally selected by "as the key link" to describe the geography of the country. Secondly, he recognized the changing geography phenomenon, and therefore decided to record the geographical situation vary from minute to minute, to a later.
Editorial: Fu geographical space Encyclopedia
the original order
the north water
volume River 2 River
which the river
Vol. five river
Vol. six Fen Shui drain water - water Wenshui raw water hole water water flooding
Vol. eight Ji Ji Shui water
Vol. nine water Qinshui Qi water on water Huan water
Vol. ten Zhuozhang water Qing Zhang water
Vol. eleven Yi Kou water
Vol. twelve holy Juma water
Juan Shisan Luo water
Vol. fourteen wet water clean river water water Bao Qiushui Ru Liao small Liao River Bei Shui
Vol. fifteen Luoshui Yi Jian water
Vol. sixteen Gu Shui Gan water paint water JuShui
Vol. seventeen Wei Wei
Vol. nineteen Wei
2 ten Dan Yang water water
Vol. twenty-one "water
Vol. twenty-two Yingshang water Wei water channel sand water
Vol. twenty-three sewer water from water
Vol. twenty-four Sui water gourd River Wen Shui
Vol. twenty-five Surabaya Yishui Zhu
Vol. twenty-six 沭水 Ju Yang Water water water water Wen Zi Wei glue
Vol. twenty-seven the mianshui River
Vol. twenty-eight the mianshui River
Vol. twenty-nine the mianshui River submerged turbulent water water water water water powder ratio
Vol. thirty of the
Vol. thirty-one 滍 water the water irrigation (Shui Qin) water (San no) water the Yunshui River
Vol. thirty-two absurd water Qi water flooding Bijiang sluice water water water water water Xia Shui and Zhang Qiang Fu River water of Zitong water. Water
volume thirty-four volume thirty-three river river river
Vol. thirty-six Tsing Yi water Huan Shui if water foam water Yan River water warm water
Vol. thirty-seven Ye Yuhe Yi water flooding oil the Yuanshui 泿 water
Vol. thirty-eight Zishui Lianshui Xiangshui water Qin water
Vol. thirty-nine career deep water Zhong Shui Leishui the Mishui River percolation water clear water (Beiminghe buy) water in water of Lujiang water
Vol. forty Chien river river river south of Jin to South County twenty water Yu mountain bogs where
Illustration: the north water volume, water KunLun Xu in the Northwest KunLun hill has three layers. According to "KunLun said" records: Kunlun Mountains has three levels, the lower level is called Fan Tong, also known as the plate Tong; second stage called the mysterious garden, also known as the wind Langzhong; most upper level called layer City, known as heaven. Said the emperor used to live here. To the song in fifty thousand, and also. "Yu Ji" in the same records. Gao said: the river originates in Kunshan, into the subsurface flow ten thousand 3000, Dayu dredging to clear, from out of Jishishan. According to the "ShanHaiChing" said, from the KunLun to Ji Shi a total of one thousand seven hundred and forty. From the product to the stone Longxi County, according to "topography" records, about 5000. According to "King Mu Chuan" records, the emperor from Kunshan into the Western Zhou Dynasty capital from West Zhou Zhou, 瀍 water, into the river, Yang Yu Zong's mountain, three thousand four hundred miles from the west to the river, Yang Yu, four thousand, a total of seven thousand four hundred. "Foreign" said: KunLun ruins in the Jin West seventy thousand miles, is inhabited by fairy. Because the road steep, historical age, water, road via different mileage accrual, the different. The high of one thousand. According to "ShanHaiChing" records: the Kunlun Mountains in eight hundred mile radius, high maninsan. But Guo Jingchun thinks that high school 千五百余 in Kunlun Mountains. "Huainan Zi" said: eleven thousand miles high 零一百一十四 step three feet six inches. The spring and Autumn "dedication" said: he read load, is the load; load the world essence, distributed in the Quartet, Yin Huai reservoir water in the five elements, to the lower stream. "Shi Ming said:" river, is mean, follow the flow to the low rate. Textual research of "post" said: River, water gas, by which the essence of four Du, so the flow changes. "Yuan said:" life bracts five lines from the beginning of water, everything from the water, is the strength of the leakage and blood through outside.
"Graphic waterways" unique: plain paper, reduce the reader long-drawn and tedious documents hard and boring; accurate River textual research, to help the reader orientation of ancient geographical location; waterways Gutu complete, convenient, intuitive, make the reader happy about "waterways"; enhance the sense of historical and cultural topics, make readers more interesting while obtaining the information in the "Yue" to read. "Shuijingzhu" a Book China before sixth Century geographical works of the great, is an important document of hydrological geography, historical geography, economic geography, hydrology, archaeology and so on, is the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties landscape prose works. Is praiseworthy for one's excellent conduct, so rich and colorful, cover and contain everything is not simply a list, but the logic of systematic, comprehensive description. As Professor Hou Renzhi aptly summarized: "he endowed geographic description to time depth, and give many historical events with a realistic specific space."
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