The first chapter, the overview of Ewenki is one of China's ethnic minorities, but also the cross-border nationality. As we know, the total population of 55 minorities besides the Hans in China is only 105000000, accounted for only 8.41% of the total population in china. While in the minority, like a number of ethnic Ewenki population only thousands or tens of thousands of people, ethnic minority in the. In this regard, each place has its special nouns have special meaning of some conventional. For example, in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, since its establishment in 1947 will be "three groups", "little people" and other terms, in Heilongjiang Province, there are "four small ethnic groups". In fact, it has historical reasons, also has the certain area and the characteristics of randomness, need to be discussed and further specification. The book is called the minority nationalities with less population, mainly based on the 2000 July the State Ethnic Affairs Commission (hereinafter referred to as the State Ethnic Affairs Commission) China population less organized experts, scholars carry out "Investigation and Study on "the economic and social development in minority proposed and initiated a new concept -- China population less nationalities. The concrete can be understood as referring to the national population below 100000, mainly in Maonan, Sala, Brown, Tajik, Achang, Jinuo, Pumi, Ewenki, Nu, Jing, de angzu, Baoan, Russians, Yugur, Uzbek Buick family, Monba, Oroqen, Dulong, the Tatar, Hezhen, Gaoshan and lhoba.
School of Ethnology and sociology's predecessor was founded in 1952, the Central Institute for Nationalities Research department. In twentieth Century fifty or sixty years, research has sink top talent together Chinese most of Ethnology and sociology, ethnology and sociology as Chinese pioneer Pan Guangdan, Wu Wenzao, Yang Chengzhi, Wu Zelin, Fei Xiaotong, Lin Yaohua and Li Youyi, as well as their students Chen Yongling, Song Shuhua, Shi Lianzhu, Wang Furen, Wu Henghe, Wang Xiaoyi and other famous scholars. In twentieth Century 80 in the early 1980s, the Department was renamed the National Institute, soon set up Chinese first Department of ethnology, the twentieth Century 90's expansion for the ethnology research institute, in 2000 changed its name to the school of Ethnology and sociology. For half a century, the name and organization change, and did not affect her commitment to teaching and research. The purpose, through the efforts of several generations, from the school of Ethnology professional bachelor's, master's and doctoral has spread all over the country, how to achieve. At the same time, published a large number of domestic influential monographs and textbooks. Such as Pan Guangdan, Wu Wenzao, Fei Xiaotong et al., Lin Yaohua editor of "general theory", Song Shuhua's "Ethnology in Ethnic Studies", Chen Yongling's "China ethnology history" (English version); also published all over the research on "national studies" (1981 - 1993, nine volumes), common the characteristics of these publications is based on field survey materials as the foundation, with 56 national China as the main object of study. For decades, it has become the school of Ethnology and sociology of generations of academic tradition.
The first chapter, the first section of population and distribution of second section name with the race source third section from forest to grassland herdsmen: the origin of the section fourth investigation and study of ethnology. The second chapter of social reform and the changes of political system the first festival of traditional social organization in section second, the system of regional ethnic autonomy practice section third animal husbandry system of social reform the fourth section economic system reform and development of the third chapter herdsmen living situation first wealthy household interviews second middle household interview third poor households interviews of fourth day old Barag Banner, interviewing the fourth chapter material life first quarter revenue and expenditure second festival activities and fixed assets statistics section third and section fourth basic necessities of life consumption level of living and analysis of quality of life in the fifth chapter of spiritual culture and Shamanism Lamaism first festival second festival wedding etiquette third festival folk literature and Arts Festival fourth cultural heritage, protection and innovation of the sixth chapter of livestock production and basic characteristic of the first section four modes of production second animal husbandry economy structure section third livestock breed structure and improvement fourth section fifth day milk local varieties Cattle industry development section sixth animal husbandry production tools changes the seventh chapter grassland construction, protection and management of grassland types and distribution of the first section second section of grassland degradation and its causes analysis of third section enclosed construction and forage grass planting fourth day rodent, insect pest and fire fifth paid use and supervision according to law eighth chapter of animal husbandry economy sustainable development research and the first day of the new pastoral area construction scheme of section second construction of new pastoral areas typical case - Bayan three festival in 2008 托海嘎查第 Evenk Autonomous Banner, the construction of the new pastoral work summary section fourth reference knowledge of foreign animal husbandry experience and lessons in Appendix 1:1949-2009 at about the research works and papers Appendix 2: Ewenki Autonomous Banner of religion investigation report -- to Seney River Temple as an example in Appendix 3: Aoluguya "Reindeer Ewenki people" ethnological investigation on the ecological immigration of Appendix 4: "Grassland Law of the people's Republic of China @##@." The focus of future of this subject is to strengthen the construction of basic theory and method of Ethnology professional. Therefore, we believe that the need to adhere to the long-term work of two aspects: first, actively learn and draw lessons from the foreign scholars on the theory, method and practice. This requires that we should translate, introduced some classical works, but also understand the dynamic research abroad, will introduce its latest representative works of translation for the readers and peers. Two, the inheritance of our hospital in 50 years of tradition, adhere to the norm method, with 56 national China as the main research object, close connection is actual, strengthen investigation, on this basis, theoretical summary, and strive to become an independent school, have established the Chinese characteristic ethnic theory. We think it necessary to make our discipline construction and theoretical research further systematization, standardization, and constantly updated in the basis of research results of textbooks. Therefore, we established in 2000 "ethnology teaching and Research Series Editorial Board", the purpose is to school of Ethnology and sociology as the basis, to the editing and publishing of Ethnology specialized materials and empirical research monographs, research reports and papers. The editorial board will focus on supporting the following textbooks and works: 1. Professional backbone course and short course textbook. 2 on the basis of fieldwork materials research works. 3 foreign ethnology classics or the frontier theory and method of translation. 4 has an important academic value and standard field investigation report. An empirical study of 5 college teachers of the papers.
Culture @ 2017