The mask culture of ethnic minorities in Guizhou

Date of publication:2009-03-01   Press: Guizhou Nationalities Publishing House   Author:Gu Puguang, Wu Qiulin   Pages´╝Ü271  

Wu Qiulin, native of Jiangsu Danyang, was born in September 17, 1955 in Guizhou province Panxian, han. Professor of ethnology, cultural anthropology Cultural Institute of Guizhou Institute for Nationalities. The main academic publications in the study of ethnology, cultural anthropology has "first", Guizhou people's publishing house, 1997; "beautiful eyes", Guizhou people's publishing house, 2001; "research" Suoga Miao people culture, China Federation of literary and art circles publishing company, 2002; "the gods -- Guizhou contemporary folk belief culture investigation and study", national press, 2007; "and" cultural anthropology, Ethnic Publishing House, 2008. Now Chinese Writers Association member, member, China folk literature and Art Association China Comparative Literature Association, China Fable Literature Association vice president, vice chairman of Guizhou artists association. Gu Puguang, native of Jiangsu Chongming, in 1942 February was born in Guiyang, in 1964 graduated from the History Department of Guizhou University. Department of national social science fund project evaluation experts, members, Steering Committee of disciplines in Institutions of Higher Education Department of Guizhou province tube expert, Professor of Guizhou Institute for Nationalities, visiting professor, Southwest University for Nationalities Chinese Nuo opera Research Association executive director, enjoy the special allowance of the state council. More than 80 academic papers published at home and abroad, published "history" (mask Chinese, Korean version), "China masked" monograph, eds. 14. His works have won the National Book Award (cooperation), Shen Xuan Department "five project" Award (cooperation), Chinese National Book Award, the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of philosophy and Social Sciences outstanding achievement award, Guizhou Province philosophy social science excellent achievement prize of Guizhou Province, "five project" award.
Author brief introduction

Second kinds of taoist. That is more often to play in the image, most of them as the villain camp counsellor, or decent camp came to help them, not wearing a helmet while wearing a crown is the most notable feature. Because of that there is no fixed pattern, creating more free. Folk artists take shape features of each human, with the kind of shape, highlight the spiritual temperament, impressive. For example, the chicken mouth can be engraved adult chicken mouth crown surface, to change the shape of chicken wings and chicken tail, the other with human and chicken, contain significant weird in character. Fish mouth that mouth fish mouth shape, crown for fish caudate, mouth extended two bearded, foreheads have scales, tail fin two piece, three people look like seven points like fish, and revealed some lovely. Other such as pots, iron plate that, the Taoist Taoist, are vivid, be full of wit and humour. The third class for the clown. The most common to play for the second (also called old crooked crooked or bent old Miao), legend has it that he is when Fu Youde against the Yunnan Guizhou in the wizard and insider looking for ethnic minorities, in the play is a make impromptu comic gestures and ramarks active figure. In the modeling, bent nose wrinkled nose, teeth pulling eye, bun on the oblique inserting a wooden comb, and some also have a few wisps of beard. In addition to crooked penis, to play in the harlequin are small top, small flower, grinning, clamp tongue bar, opium shell, Mr. glasses, Mr. Zhangfang etc.. The clown character also has in the modeling, such as clamping tongue bar wearing a hat, he exposed teeth mouth, the mouth with a ball, in order to show him the big feature of tongue; opium shell with circular open mouth and crowded together eyebrow, eye, nose, characterizes his addiction attack, ha owe the facial expression. The fourth animal. Many animal masks to play, there is a common dragon, tiger, lion, cattle, horse, pig, dog, monkey, kylin, squirrels, the animal is through practice enlightenment into fineTreasure. Folk artists portray them, most of them can take various animal characteristics, such as the tiger of the mighty God, Ma Jun, the naughty monkey, pig and honest, have good spirit, wonderful. Local drama mask in addition to the above four types, there are land, the monk, the maid, mother, child, small army, government officials and other roles. These masks are mild, modeling realistic, with a strong secular color and human interest, and generals, Taoist, clown and animal masks, magic, which greatly different its interest. Due to the local drama mask does not occupy an important position, this does not repeat.......
Catalogue of books

The first chapter of the introduction of Guizhou minority mask culture habitat and distribution range of the first section of the Guizhou geography, history and national situation of second section of the Guizhou minority mask culture spread range second chapter of Guizhou minority mask culture of sacred space first exorcising opera sacred space to play second day sacred space third section variable people play the sacred third chapter Guizhou minority mask Opera repertoire of the first section exorcising Opera repertoire of second section plays third man play and "matte" plays fourth mask opera drama the fourth chapter is the analysis of Guizhou minority mask character first section of Guizhou minority mask character overview section second exorcising opera roles the fifth chapter of Guizhou minority mask of the divine and secular section of Guizhou minority mask divine second section of the Guizhou minority mask secular sixth chapter of Guizhou minority mask making and "open" the first section of the Guizhou minority mask material selection second section of the Guizhou minority mask making process third section of the Guizhou minority mask "a light" the seventh chapter of Guizhou minority Mask Art The origin and evolution of development mask tenth chapter of Guizhou minority characteristics first day as other art mask second section of the Guizhou minority mask art features eighth chapter of Guizhou minority mask taboo and inherit the first section of the Guizhou minority mask taboo second section of the Guizhou minority mask inherit the ninth chapter of Guizhou ethnic origin and evolution. The first day the origin and evolution of local mask second alien masks the development and utilization of the first festival culture level and the development and utilization of second quarter economic @##@ bibliography The mask is the ancient cultural phenomenon of a worldwide,, is a kind of special ideographic character symbol. According to the data of Archaeology and ethnology, early about in the late Paleolithic and Neolithic age, ancient people in many fields has been the primitive hunting, a tribal war, totem worship, witchcraft ceremony and other widely used mask. Since the early days of the mask are mostly made of animal skins, wood, fiber, feathers, clay and other non corrosion resistant material, so it is difficult to resist the erosion of time and preserved. But some cave paintings and petroglyphs of prehistoric (such as Spain's Levente cave paintings, India mountain rock paintings in North Africa, Peggy Martha Tasiri rock, Alaska rock paintings in North America), are carved with many wearing the original human image masks, some of them in the dance, and some in the hunting, some held in witchcraft ceremony or ritual activities, head masks are molded into deer, wolves, rhino, monkeys and other animal images. Some parts of the world rock art also carved with a large number of human face and animal like, western anthropologists generally regard them as gods or mask.
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