Zhang Bibo, male, born in 1930, Professor of Heilongjiang Academy of social sciences. In 1956 graduated from the Northeast Normal University Department of Chinese classical literature class. From 1956 to 1985 at the Harbin University Chinese system. In 1985, Heilongjiang Academy of Social Sciences Institute of literature. She retired in 1994. Has long been engaged in teaching and research China literary history, author of "Chinese literature", "Literature" China many monographs. After 1985 into the research of cultural history, chaired the National Social Science “ seven five ” &ldquo &rdquo Chinese key projects; national cultural history of ancient north; subject. Edited and published "Chinese ancient north national cultural history" volume "national culture" (published in 1993), "special culture" (published in 1995). After 1997 to study China northeast minority and territory, published "study of ancient culture in the Northeast ancient nationalities country" (Volume I) (2000), "the nation and territory on the draft" (2002), "study of northeast territory Chinese" (2006). After 2004 to research Chinese early civilization, published "Cultural Anthropological Investigation on Chinese early civilization" (2005), "origin of the Chinese civilization" (2007). "Hua Yi variation -- Exploration on the integration movement" (2009). Published in 2011, "the Northeast ancient nationalities in ancient ancient cultural studies: North Korea · Jizi · Gija Joseon, the historical perspective of Koguryo, Tang Dynasty history research of selected" the rise of Bohai. Published in 2011, "civilization of Heilongjiang Valley". Now the expert enjoying special allowance of the state.
As the cultural system of the center, the cultural system is transformed from multiple to one yuan, and gradually formed the early form of Chinese civilization. “ Chinese historical civilization is geographically within an interaction in the 4000 BC ago has explicit form gradually. ” we believe that the early civilization has produced in four culture regions (origin): This is the Dawenkou Culture, Hongshan culture, Liangzhu culture, Taosi culture. Let us according to the literature a summary description and relevant data archaeology. One, the Dawenkou Culture began in 4300 BC the Dawenkou Culture is a self-contained system culture area, showed an initial characteristic national civilization. One is the expanded scale and central settlement. Dawenkou site large area hundreds of thousands or even million square meters, the small tens of thousands of even less than million square meters; and has found that the late Dawenkou site. Settlement scale is the concentrated reflection of economic power, military power and human, size disparity reflects the political, economic, military, religious, cultural and social structure system with the center of the settlement as the core. And second is the appearance of male and female double burial,Tomb of the size, burial, burial goods is not the quantity, quality and other aspects, the gap is widening rapidly. Juxian Lingyang River Dawenkou cultural ruins the burial goods, make Shi Yue, Shek Pik, bone carving, pottery drum horn horn, stone ring and delicate, and describe the image character pottery with identity, symbol of power, without exception, all the relics, found on the beach grave tomb, so you can riverside cemetery is said to the powerful ancestral Lingyang River residents family for several generations. Tell us the archaeological data: 1 late Dawenkou Culture has been a political power and religious power in one person -- King, has been “ settlement hierarchy system, which leads to the formation of &rdquo city and country;. Concentration, accumulation of social wealth and fortune 2 “ is through political program (that is, the relationship between people) rather than by the technical and commercial program (that is, the relationship between man and nature) caused by. ” 3 funerary objects such as Cong, jade, jade, ivory Zhang Yue (such as communicating with heaven and earth to wizard instruments), has been combined with religious rituals, which expresses people's conceptions of the universe, but also reflects the emergence of witches and wizards and King class with the country early civilization, cultural formation characteristics, at the same time also shows that the initial formation and order of the funeral system. … …
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Culture @ 2017