Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Xu Yuxiang   Pages:195  
Preface

Four, labor cooperation organization in Hualian County, O Beauty, since ancient times there, agricultural labor cooperation organization. The composition of the members, in addition to labor's outside, also have the hunting and other recreational. O Beauty mutual aid organizations, and others in combination, as well as by his family composed of two. And if a better combination between oneself and others (Marapariyuu) and Marie and (Mararirjyuu) two, and his family of three. Combination and 1 others have labor exchange between fear and meaning, and even better is between friends and relatives temporary labor mutual support group, team members generally two, sometimes three, four. In sowing or harvest crops, because of a need to labor, apply to the friends colleagues, in Millet (millet) during the sowing or harvest for cooperation, team members in the agreed period at the agricultural mutual assistance, farming once finished this combination members with dissolution, wait until when necessary and temporary re composition. So the members in the organization often change, unless the combination between friends is not compliance, or members of the same group are often the same.
Summary

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous peoplesGroup. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter of Genesis and the change of the history the first day beauty beginning and origin legend second day beauty origin third day American ethnic classification and distribution of the second chapter of social system and organizational form of the first day the beauty of the tribal system second day beauty leader system third day beauty tribe meeting system fourth day beauty age class organized fifth day American family heir system sixth day beauty family system seventh day beauty law third chapter of the social economy and production form first day beauty of farming economy life second day beauty hunting life third day beauty fishing life fourth day beauty of collecting and transportation fifth day beauty tribes and housing the fourth chapter language and education first day beauty of language in section second of chapter fifth of A Mei education in culture and art first day beauty dress culture second day beauty traditional dance third day beauty of traditional musical instruments fourth day beauty hand the sixth chapter industrial art beliefs and rituals first day beauty of primitive religion second day beauty years old When the third day beauty cult life rituals chapter seventh harvest festival the first harvest festival called and significance of the second day festival organization and variability of the third day festival type fourth harvest festival features dance culture eighth chapter customs first day beauty customs of marriage second day beauty birth customs third day beauty of death and funeral customs of the ninth chapter and tourism section second may area festival tourism scenic @##@ Amis Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
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