Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Yang Yang   Pages´╝Ü197  
Preface

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not book researchThe starting point, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you.
Summary

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic origin and history section name origin second day myth origin third section of the Holland colonial rule of the Qing Dynasty period of fourth day Fifth Festival in modern time, sixth important historical figures in chapter second, population distribution and population the first stone and bamboo two branches second tribal distribution the third chapter of social system and development history of the first political system in the second day third festival of clan system of marriage and property system in fourth chapter first quarter economic form of traditional farming production of second traditional hunting and Fishing Festival third festival diet fourth manual process section fifth building fifth chapter language and traditional education first language system in section second of chapter sixth culture and traditional education art section dress second festival of music and Dance Festival third cultural celebrities seventh chapter belief and rites first festival second festival sorcery and divination in section third, chapter eighth traditional ritual customs first funeral custom section second marriage custom section third and section fourth adult family custom of naming customs ninth chapters mythology and oral history the first creation and development of the myth in section second, and no religious cult Bogey third day war and grass tenth chapter and tourism section second famous scenic spots of modern art festival main reference
Chapter excerpt

With the change of the times, more and more people will combination of traditional element in modern clothing, such as embroidered with traditional decoration pattern vest, skirt etc.. In many cases, these people with low embroidery color clothes also gradually replace the traditional full formal dress. And the Canaanites clothing materials are hand woven linen cloth or cotton, banana. There are different rules in different stages in. In general, the minors are relatively simple, adulthood is more gorgeous dress. One, the accessories in the Puyuma clan society, there are three kinds of wear something important, that is, the shield and the sword. Puyuma man according to different occasions were to use the knife, knives, knife, knife for digging knife and sword. Knives can be divided into men for battle hunting with saber, hunting a job cut down and carving large objects. Ritual knife sword is Puyuma man dressed up to attend celebrations when the wearer of the. With about seven inch to ten inch work knife, can be placed on a long stick in a lance, can break or at funerals put evil in front of the door. Knife, about three inches to seven inches, which can be used to cut Taketo Takejo, divination and eat Betel nut at. Digging knife is used when carved wooden spoon. It is a courtesy Dao women at work weeding knife used for weeding and celebrate after wear.
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