Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Gao Wei   Pages:187  

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous peoplesGroup. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you. In 2008 June

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) first chapter of history of the first section and the second section name origin population distribution and tribal migration section third language section fourth modern Lu Kai people's way of life the second chapter forms of social organization first section of society structure section second internal system third day family and kinship in the first third chapters of foreign festival tribal armed conflicts between the second sections with complicated connotation of the "grass" Customs chapter fourth primitive belief, divination and the age of sacrifice the first primitive belief divination and witchcraft in section second section third years old ritual function -- to harvest for fourth day age -- the biggest sacrifice harvest festival fifth chapter of life. The first section from birth to Adulthood Ceremony of blessing ceremony in section second and section third marriage ceremony of funeral custom of the sixth chapter of economic and production activities section, farming, fishing and hunting, farming second gender division of labor and the seventh chapter the art of living section unique architectural art -- stone houses second day for Worship Dance and Music Arts Festival third symbolic decoration right and Access fourth festival diet eighth chapter clothing and crafts of traditional costume culture first day second day creation of beauty -- handicrafts ninth chapter founding myths and sacred traditional first section about founding myths and legends second shrine in mind the tenth chapter colorful tribal tourism section Xi Lu 凯群 second Pingtung County Wutai Township Tourism Festival Dong Lu 凯群 of Beinan tourist area under section third of the three communities of Kaohsiung Maolin Township tourism area
Chapter excerpt

The simulation show the cult sacrifices. On behalf of the five settlements resplendent in traditional decorative clothing, the elders or head to head, carrying a sacrifice food offerings in order of debut, marched through the commander, and the offerings with the altar. The sacrifice of varieties have everything that one expects to find, including millet, millet, Betel nut, banana cake, taro stem, pork, rice wine, pumpkin, peanuts, harvest and loyalty to fully show the tribes together. When the goods are placed in the procession of the altar, members will be under the leadership, and with the traditional slogan to shout for joy. After the sacrificial activities, a young man climbed the vine swing hanging down, said to start another celebration. With the village collective dance unprecedented grand, belongs to the young spike ball and swing and archery, loading the game. In Wutai Rukai Tribe of harvest, most of the activities of offering by administrative officials and church members to focus on leading, activity has a profound cultural foundation, in older people.
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