Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Song Qiang   Pages:197  

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, clothing,Customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you. In 2008 June

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter the origin and history the first day origin second day origin legend third day before Qing Dynasty history section fourth Qing period in the development of the fifth day the Japanese colonial authorities of Zou people ruled for sixth day recovery after the development of the political and social structure of the first section of second chapter of social structure of second section of society power system third clubs and offering 粟仓 chapter third production mode and the changes of economic life and development of the traditional mode of production second Qing period production section third Japanese colonial period of Zou economic life of fourth day after the recovery of economy life system in section fifth, active integration into the modern society economy fourth chapter was born, marriage and death the first born and second adult day marriage system in section third and the fifth chapter of funeral ceremony of religious section of primitive religious belief in section second of the influence of western religion, section third and section fourth triumph offering millet offering magic and divination Fifth Festival taboo sixth chapter arts and culture section second language festival dance and musical instruments third day clothing section fourth recipe seventh chapter myth the story about the first section of the myth of the origin of the second section about names Myth third section about rituals, taboos, customs, myths about the fourth day food source myth fifth other myth eighth chapter beautiful magical journey the first beautiful natural scenery second festival culture trip third section of rich and colorful cultural landscape of the main reference
Chapter excerpt

Two, divination past Zou people engaged in dangerous activities or before an important ceremony, such as hunting, war, sacrifice, such as marriage, metropolitan of divination to predict good and bad. Zou Ren divination dream and two kinds of birds Bu bu. In the battle, Zou Ren hunt, millet offerings, housing and the sick bed, will dream divination, to sleep, pray to the gods bless, thanks to the good dream. In the different activities, pray for the object are different. Battle for God, hunting for hunting, millet millet offering for God, for God is building, ill pray the God of land. If you dream of Chaoyang, wine, beauty, guests or hunting deer, bear, mountain pig is auspicious; if you dream of sunset, rain, death, taro, sweet potato, ghost, dead fish, fire, landslides, the snake is a bad omen. The 1 dream Bu in order to ensure that the already obtained good dream will not be lost, dream Bu person can achieved good then jumped up, eat a meal to ensure good will not change, at the same time that the dream divination is over, then what is it doesn't matter the dream omen.
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