Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Chen Haizhou, Li Ye, Chen Jie   Pages´╝Ü204  
Preface

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, after migration to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you. In 2008 June
Summary

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic origin and history section of ethnic origin of section second and other ethnic groups. In the third part the ethnic classification and distribution of fourth modern vicissitude of the second chapter of social system and organization structure of first section of society organization section second section third section fourth relationship property law section fifth clan and surname chapter third mode of operation and the protests first combat mode second day protests fourth chapter belief and ritual first religion at the age of fifth chapter second section cult Taai short spirit at the first Festival origin second festival third festival short spirit Festival Dance Festival fourth pastaai Festival Fifth Festival opening ceremony of taboo tourism effect the sixth chapter diet first quarter economic production section second agricultural products third day diet for fourth day residential Fifth Festival Dress sixth Festival crafts seventh body decoration eighth day song chapter seventh customs first fertility rites in section second section third funeral customs of marriage etiquette and custom eighth chapter first farming origin myths and legends second section, third section of Hou family Hai Yi fourth festival dragon kite ancestors article The five section lazy girl kite section sixth and section seventh mountain pig bones dog eighth deer and girl ninth Eagle ancestors tenth day swallow humiliation and bear a heavy load Thor section eleventh as printed with the old camphor tree twelfth kind Wu Mao thirteenth section pangolin fourteenth people become Nanzhuang monkeys fifteenth section Barbara Yan sixteenth day solo and the ninth chapter first crab Travel & Tourism Festival five Hsinchu County Feng Xiang second township in Miaoli County in Appendix: Saisiyat people language the main reference
Chapter excerpt

Two, sowing Saisiyat people held sowing, mainly for crops, inform the ancestors and the gods sow. Saisiyat people planting ceremony held in April, is millet planting cult. Cult before people will up hunting, now because of hunting, so to pigs instead, pork will be brought to the venue to everybody. Each family is to do the rice cakes, participate in the festival, will be brought to the priest house rice cake. Saisiyat people sowing into service offerings and sacrifice was held for the two time. The first service offerings, which belong to the cult 'settlement activity, the priest by the agency of family parents take turns to be. In this year, the priest home such as pregnancy, birth or misfortune, can find proxy. If a funeral home, must change another home for. Cult at the time, the decisions announced by the priest after. Planting ceremony was held, the first priest a person in a day after 12 midnight, alone in a pre selected on (Ji Tian), inserted a ghost Mao (a thatched), then close your eyes, use the left hand will have scattered fields, and then using the right hand to the seed scattered fields. "And after, then put the meat in the offering Tanaka, wine and in offering activities until the end of the field. The priest for offering process, not by outsiders see.
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