Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Chen Xiaoyan   Pages´╝Ü216  
Preface

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the longThe years they have across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author.
Summary

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic origin and history section of ethnic origin of second populations of history the second chapter ethnic division and distribution of the first festival of ethnic division second ethnic distribution in Chapter third groups of social system and organization structure section group property system section second ethnic customary law system section third ethnic tribal leader system in section fourth groups of social organization fifth ethnic kin and family organization chapter fourth groups of social production activities the first ethnic traditional social production overview section second groups of farming economy and production form third groups of social production -- hunting fourth groups of fishing production, livestock farming and collection fifth chapter ethnic traditional social life the first ethnic group living in section second ethnic food section third ethnic costumes sixth chapter ethnic language section ethnic language overview section second Atayal language use of the seventh chapter of ethnic culture and art of ethnic song and dance art first quarter second ethnic art arts festival third ethnic traditional weaving process fourth the traditional ethnic arts and crafts festival eighth chapter The group of religious faith and worship the first ethnic religion second ethnic cult ninth chapter ethnic customs the first ethnic marriage customs and taboos second population birth customs and taboos third ethnic naming conventions and taboos fourth ethnic funeral customs and taboos tenth chapter ethnic war and major events in the first section second section of ethnic war since the late Qing Dynasty ethnic war in the eleventh chapter tourism section Wulai Xiang tribal trip second Nantou County tribal trip third Ethnic Ecology Tour main reference
Chapter excerpt

In composition, the Atayal people used for cloth production of various types of clothing, the patterns are carefully woven and design, composition is very unique. The use of different form dress pattern is mainly reflected in the changes of the rhombus continuous pattern and various color. Pattern color with red, yellow, pink, light green, with a small amount of blue, purple, black. Because the ancient Atayal without words, women use weaving patterns to record the traditional story or the truth in life, similar to the hieroglyphs recorded at the time of the life scene. There is a saying in Atayal Zuxun, thought that evil spirits (also referred to as evil spirits) are most afraid of red, so the Atayal people often will dress with dark red pigment dyed, the front pattern is made with diamond pattern of ancestral eyes style, in order to ancestors on their own. The clothes back pattern is the use of more complex patterns to scare away evil spirits. Generally speaking, the Atayal people in costumes composition and their art of art, has a totemic significance. The Atayal costume for aesthetic and reflect the corresponding social status, except the ornate, often wearing all kinds of accessories, such as earrings, hair, neck, shoulder, foot ornaments, beads, shellfish belt. The man in the group usually have it was a custom, to show their bravery. In short, relatively pay attention to the Atayal people wearing, clothes more styles, each kind of jewelry is very beautiful, is able to display the Atayal people's artistic talent.
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