Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Gu Yang   Pages´╝Ü174  
Preface

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study,But the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you. In 2008 June
Summary

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic history section of ethnic origin of section second historical changes of population distribution in chapter second section third social system first section of society organization second tribes of the class and its flow section third class and property fourth internal ethnic level symbol and ethnic management changes the third chapter first quarter economic life agricultural production second day fishing and hunting and feeding third traffic and transportation section fourth tribal tourism chapter fourth language and education section section second of chapter fifth language education cultural art first festival dress culture and body decoration second festival food culture festival third Living Arts Festival fourth traditional handicrafts Fifth Day Song Arts Festival sixth the revival of traditional culture in Chapter sixth the first section of religious belief and the religious cult worship of totem second priests, witches and ritual magic and divination in section third section fourth years old rituals -- millet sowing and harvesting Fifth Festival five years -- the spirit of God father returned the seventh chapter life etiquette and custom section birth rite and ceremony second love and marriage etiquette section third death and funeral rites in the eighth chapter the legend says no. A section about ethnic legend second section of local place name legend, third basic necessities of life legend fourth belief in myths and legends
Chapter excerpt

The basket is woven bamboo and rattan peel into the upper node vine, or cloth as the back belt. Bear or top on the forehead, or hung on the shoulders and at the back, generally used for the harvest back grain; mesh bag is made of twine woven, along the four angle to hang around with straps, shoulder, back to back; frame is with rod two column, to wooden cross connect, two column with straps, used to back the firewood; another bamboo bucket, is used to water. The Paiwan women prevalent head loading custom. The old woman in the field work, often with children, therefore, carrying things used negative matter head way, the best way is also the female load. The last row of Gulf women would load things to the head, and can in the rugged mountain road, the hand does not support loading on the head, can walk to walk in the mountain. Now the Paiwan women head loading Kung Fu has been gradually declining and declining. The Paiwan women head loading are some tips: head must be straight up, can not be inclined to avoid hurting the head, neck and spine. Use both hands to support both beginners can not shake, walk to keep the body upright, after steady can try to let it go. Repeat this exercise with feet steady pace, can skilled practice head negative material.
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