Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Yu Qingmei, Yu Ching Hai, Chen Jie   Pages:186  
Preface

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people,, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such as Li, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you.
Summary

Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic origin and history section of ethnic origin of second populations of historical chapter second population distribution, population and language the first ethnic distribution in section second ethnic population of third day ethnic language chapter third ethnic social system the first ethnic tribal organization second ethnic clan the third section group system family and kinship terms in section fourth groups of property system in fourth chapter ethnic economic life the first ethnic agricultural section second ethnic fishery third ethnic hunting fourth groups collection and breeding of fifth groups of transportation and trade relations between the sixth groups of economic life in the fifth chapter of ethnic education, culture the first section of ethnic education and art second ethnic clothing section third ethnic traditional architecture in section fourth ethnic traditional process section fifth ethnic song and dance the sixth chapter ethnic religious beliefs and rituals first ethnic ancestry worship second ethnic Mr. mom system section third groups at the age of fourth groups of rituals and taboos the seventh chapter ethnic life custom section group marriage system article The two section of the third ethnic groups fertility rites funeral customs of the eighth chapter ethnic food culture the first ethnic diet second ethnic specialty section third ethnic wine with traditional snacks ninth chapter Ethnic Myths and legends of the first festival legends about Riyuetan Pool section second on Eggplant tree legends about Riyuetan Pool third day long hair demon legend fourth section on short black legend about fifth day canoe deceive enemy legend tenth chapter tourism section Ethnic Tourism Festival second Riyuetan Pool scenic section third scenic resources of animals and plants the main reference
Chapter excerpt

Two, textile technology in Shao people tribal society, women's childhood learning weaving, the weaving quite superb artistry. The Qing Dynasty literature has repeatedly mentioned "DAGO lines" brocade, woven with Shao people Jiapin, become the official to panic buying treasures. What say here "DAGO lines", is ge with bark 丝染 colored hair and then clip blankets. Specifically, Dargo lines is selected, bark, ramie and silk deerskin, dog, bird feathers, fur made woven line, line color is white, with madder red dye in the line, or colors, blue, brown, then add purchased from Han's non-ferrous inclusions woven wool. Shao human tapestry line is made of white ramie line as the core, wrapped in red hair member. Shao people used in the past is mobile horizontal strap loom, weaving tools is divided into two parts the warping carrier and the weaving machine.
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