Ethnic minorities in Taiwan

Date of publication:2008-11   Press: The press   Author:Li Shuyi   Pages´╝Ü187  
Preface

The first section culture Bunun living in central the sides of mountains, at an altitude of 1000 - 2000 meters, in Sanmin Township in Kaohsiung County, Taitung county and Haitu Township, Nantou County. The earliest settlement is Nantou County AI Xiang and Lutheran Township, Nantou County, after the great migration times, east to Hualian, South to Kaohsiung and Taitung mountain. Social organization based on patrilineal families, households in the population, including non blood relationship partners, so the traditional houses are larger scale. One, the eight part harmony Bunun people live the slash and burn cultivation of nomadic life, thus forming a scattered form, for crops (especially millet) the old cult very careful and very complicated. The research of Dasibutbut is a traditional Bunun society in every year before the February sowing, the county agency and Luan community people are singing songs. Because of the complexity and the limitation of taboo singing, therefore potentially add many external mystery and different interpretations. The Bunun people living environment is more dispersed, tribes along the streams and set, so the common singing calls partners, and the development of the amazing choral polyphony and harmony techniques between waterfall rivers echo, this unique and sound, in the national music science, it is one of the world's folk treasures. The Bunun culture did not dance, when only boast exploits jump.
Summary

When I learned that Ms. Chen Jie and many of my colleagues to compile a set of by far the most abundant content, writing in mainland China the most comprehensive information on the Taiwan Aboriginal history books, I can not help but for their courage the courage and determination. On the works of Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge, the mainland is rare, the island has some, but insufficient system, comprehensive, and mostly foreigners in colonial Taiwan research. In recent years, the island began to pay attention to this aspect research, perhaps can be understood as the academia for years greatly now Shiyibuque, but I am afraid I cannot avoid to the political today for up old articles. Compilation of Taiwan Aboriginal history books of knowledge, research on natural relates to anthropology and ethnology. This is the social science research is not very good grasp of the two areas, but also more "case" in. For example, our human ancestors and Neanderthals IQ quite why in 2-3 million years ago suddenly became extinct? They can be human? For instance, created the splendid culture of the Dangxiang people after the subjugation quietly disappeared, leaving a page called "mumbo-jumbo" people guessing. In the study of ethnology, anthropology and so on several things, that this "food" is not good. Even if Taiwan Aboriginal history of this thing is not so complicated, that at least data acquisition have enough sources, proposed the viewpoint can be historical or archaeological evidence, the unique folk culture and the gods belief can have a reasonable explanation to survival rule and so on, are researchers, writers must face and answer the. I know that my colleagues, a not too much research on Anthropology and ethnology, not much contact "amateur." on Taiwan Aboriginal history, determined to do such a difficult thing, is not a "be prompted by a sudden impulse". Thinking on the double in fact their creation "impulse" source: one is in their long-term close exchanges and indigenous people naturally produced in the splendid culture of Aboriginal preference and respected, hope the Chinese miracle can promote the China Everbright; two is to provide a film about the Taiwan Aboriginal history. The public to society reform from the bottom, to clarify the facts, but also, original face of history. In order to achieve this goal, they tried to collect relevant information, access to relevant files, see the writing on the island of Taiwan, and almost all the experts and scholars, but also many tribal representatives to contact interview, gain first-hand information. On the basis of the "general" and "theory" framework for data sorting, and the population, the origin and historical changes of Taiwan aborigines, ethnic groups in social system, organizational structure, production activities, social life, culture and art, religion, language, customs, myths and legends, rituals, major events, in detail. After a rigorous examination, hard pen, and correct the Taiwan Strait publishing house editor comrade meticulous, a copious and fluent about 1000000 words, a systematic introduction to Taiwan Aboriginal history knowledge series has finally arrived. As the saying goes "you inserted Liu, no flowers", regardless of all kinds of scholars hold what kind of goal of Taiwan Aboriginal history research, I am afraid that can not be avoided on Taiwan Aboriginal what race, and from what place. But the book just with plenty of information, including the bulk of historical geology research, cultural anthropology, archaeology and the predecessors, that the native of Taiwan belongs to the South Mongolia people, is the ancient Baiyue people, 100 seed. In the long years they successively across, moved several times to Taiwan, reproduce, become today's indigenous groups. This can explain why Taiwan aborigines, ethnic minorities, such asLi, Dai, Zhuang, Dong, Shui, in the title, dress, customs, totem worship and so has a surprisingly similar or consistent. Of course, there is a need to explain, about "homologous" point of view is not the starting point of the study, but the results of the study, is the result of my colleagues read many relevant information on Aboriginal history of the development of a comprehensive research after the natural conclusion. I think, gold book readers browsing natural to experience this conclusion "". In short, this is a worth reading good books, although the writings of people not those famous experts and scholars, but also into a book time is tight, there are many errors, colleagues is holding the occupation conscience and their motivation, bold moves, the purpose is to get everyone's attention and criticism, I hope you can understand the good intentions of the author. Thank you. In 2008 June
Catalogue of books

Order (Liang Guoyang) Order (Chen Jie) the first chapter ethnic origin first day origin legend second day history of ethnic groups in section third section fourth tribal population distribution problems in the development of the second chapter kinship organization section of section second clan clan origin third clan system's structure and the continuation of fourth day clan worry the third chapter first quarter economic economic development activity second day exchange between third day diet fourth agricultural products fifth tribal tourism fourth chapter education section of traditional education second section of the Japanese colonial education third day after the retrocession of culture and art education fifth chapter first festival culture second language section third woodcut history and cultural significance of fourth architectural arts festival fifth clothing sixth weaving chapter sixth song dance first musical instruments second song and dance the seventh chapter first religious faith taboo second day of God worship third festival features fourth religion fifth section sixth section seventh section of modern witchcraft belief taboo eighth cult chapter eighth myths and legends of the myths and legends of the first festival the second section of natural Mythology The fourth section taboo education myth legend third day ethics education legends fifth day general life education in Anti Japanese activities legends ninth chapter first Anti Japanese struggle against Japan origin second section of tenth chapter wisdom virtue section statue minister he second section according to the alternative third day life philosophy section fourth references @##@ environmental awareness Taiwan natives of this particular group has a unique historical position in Taiwan society, influence can not be underestimated. In recent years, because of all kinds of elections and political considerations, the authorities in Taiwan Aboriginal administrative department and Legislation Department of aboriginal affairs more and more attention, more and more attentively and carefully, it has achieved some results, regardless of the "legislation", the native land transfer restrictions, special budget compilation, all kinds of protected areas and cultural park the establishment, the metropolitan Aboriginal employment counseling, homeland infrastructure construction, aboriginal culture protection and reconstruction and so on, have gradually made some visible. However, because of too many historical debts, problem is severe, the indigenous population base is too low, too fragile state of survival, at present these conventional construction and protection measures are an utterly inadequate measure. With the continued deterioration of Taiwan's fiscal financial and economic crisis, for Indigenous affairs budget is difficult to sustain. If no special strong intervention, perhaps after two or three decades of Aboriginal people, especially some aboriginal populated ethnic characteristics, could only exist in books and museums.
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