China culture Encyclopedia (volume one)

Date of publication:1998-12   Press: Zhi Huiyong China National Photographic Art Press (1998-12)   Author:Zhi Huiyong  

The ruling way has had the significant influence to the later. Tang Dynasty set up many Ji Mi prefectures, in a remote area of the Yuan dynasty founded the Ming and Qing implementation of this system, all originated from Qin and Han dynasties. National division is an important aspect of all nationalities on the Central Plains Dynasty territory, it originated from Qin and Han Dynasty the vassal state system. The Sixteen States period, because of the Huai River in the north there is a substantial minority, regardless of ethnic minority and Han rulers are the implementation of the national policy of divide and conquer, from the central government to the local government set up two sets and two sets of rule system, a set of dominant Han, a set of rule the migration of ethnic minorities, is actually from the rule. The implementation of the south, the North South Han official system, government, the official governance all ethnic minorities, including the. Four, the system, but also from the rule. In addition, yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasties use Lamaism strengthened its rule over Tibet, the Qing Dynasty also use Lamaism to strengthen Mongolia rule. In the process of historical development, the general trend is the Central Plains Dynasty increasingly strengthen the frontier ethnic domination, Qing Dynasty in this region, large-scale chieftain, and in the northeast, Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Qinghai, Tibet respectively set up the general, all the ministers, etc., are to strengthen the focus on the performance of to the border area rule. His affiliation, refers to the relation between Central Plains Dynasty and territory outside the minority regime. Relations such as western and South Vietnamese State, huhanye Chanyu period of Han Hun relationship, Sui 与东 Turkic relations, Tang's relationship with Nanzhao, the relationship between Tang and the Uighur, belong to this category. The monarch subordinate relationship not only strengthen the frontier between the mainland and the economic, cultural, and fewer wars, easy to promote mutual understanding, create conditions for these areas gradually incorporated into the Central Plains Dynasty territory. Relations of peaceful coexistence, refers to the Central Plains and territory outside the minority regime of equal relations. Often, the tribute and trade and other ways of exchanges. Such as the early Western Han Dynasty, the Han Hun relationship, the Eastern Han Dynasty and the northern Xiongnu relations, the relationship between Ming and Roen, relations with Mongolia, belong to this category. In this relationship, often accompanied by war, and the relationship between. However, the long-term friendly exchanges, relatively peaceful coexistence, the minority areas gradually into the Central Plains Dynasty territory, the nation will become a member of the Chinese nation, have played a great influence. And the relationship between marriage, is actually a political, in China ancient have become a symbol of friendship between peoples. It is his affiliation, peaceful coexistence relationship. The Western Han Dynasty, Sui and Turkic and lady Zhaojun, Tang Dynasty and Qidan, Xi and pro, Tang and Uighur and pro, all belong to the former. The early Western Han Dynasty and the Xiongnu and Han, and Wusun and pro, Tang and Tubo and etc., all belong to the latter. The early Han intermarriage has affected Sixteen States, Qian Zhao founder Liu Yuan, summer founders Helian Bobo remember, southern Xiongnu noble surname Liu is a result of this marriage relationship. The Tang and the Uighurs and has affected the Northern Song Dynasty, moved to the West Uighur will recognize and song "the nephew and uncle". Tang and Tubo and, until today is still the Tibetan people's word-of-mouth legend story.
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The preface 图道多吉 ordered Yang Wang sequence in the first general chapter directory ethnic minority and unified multi-ethnic country formed the first festival of the Chinese nation and an early origin of Chinese nation diversity two Chinese early family body formation in section second Chinese ancient thoughts a unified thought production and the establishment of the two thoughts the development of three brief conclusions in section third Chinese ancient ethnic relations in a national war of two national migration three ethnic fusion in four dynasties and the surrounding minority political, economic, cultural relations of around five ethnic relationship between six brief conclusion section fourth ancient minority nationality with the frontier of the motherland two establish the motherland development the territory of three ethnic groups have created their own culture of all ethnic groups united against the feudal rulers four fight five ethnic economy culture in the Central Plains area of six minority ethnic groups has a bridge between Chinese and Western cultures seven emerged a large number of outstanding figures of the second chapter of minority nationality and the formation of the Chinese nation the first festival of the Chinese nation formed a old democracy the revolution of the situation and tasks of the National Counter two Formation of the second day the Chinese national consciousness enhancement and task in the new democratic revolution period situation of two Chinese national consciousness strengthening the third chapter friendly unified multi-ethnic family first friends be nation building and development of a first stage three of the Chinese nation's anti feudal struggle (1949-1965) second (two 1966-1976) three third stage (1977 present) second minority economic and cultural development of economic development and prosperity of culture development and prosperity of the two the fourth chapter China nation building and development of the subject first national subject developed a frontier study to strengthen the two ethnic history of the emergence of a large number of the introduction and development of the three. In section second the nation building and development of the subject teaching, research institutions and academic group 1 of the two forty years of fruitful research results of second ethnic theory of the first chapter of the national theory discipline establishment and the development of the first national theory subjects of Marx's national theory two Chinese ethnic theory to establish three Chinese nation research and development of the theory in section second ethnic theory research of image and The contents of a national theory subjects in two national theoretical research contents of three national theoretical properties of third day national theoretical development prospects of a strengthening national theoretical construction of two perfect discipline of nationality theory system of three prominent national theoretical characteristics of the second chapter of the national entity theory first nation and national concept of a nation the basic conditions and the general laws of two national concept and the emergence of the historical development of the three generation of Marx nationalism defined in section second national basic attributes and characteristics of the basic attributes of a nation of two ethnic characteristics of three national basic historical type third national basic structure and quality of a nation's basic structure of two national basic quality the three national structure and national quality in the third chapter of the national development theory of the first day of national development motive and content of national development basic motives of the two national development basic content of three national development of the basic model in section second of the national development of basic conditions and environment of national basic conditions for the development of the two national basic development environment three national development the basic trend of the The concept of ethnic problems in time, condition fourth chapter ethnic theory basic conditions and process of the three Festival, the demise of a national assimilation and characteristics of two national fusion and characteristics of three national demise of a relationship between what is law roots of ethnic problems in two ethnic issues three ethnic problems the basic content and the nature of the second day national and social problems development of a class and nationality questions two ethnic problems and social revolution of the three ethnic problems and the socialist revolution and construction in section third, the development of ethnic issues...... Third national policy fourth national fifth national philosophy sixth national ethics seventh national psychology eighth ethnic population of ninth languages in Tenth National History eleventh political system Twelfth National Archaeological Thirteenth National Figure fourteenth costumes, Fifteenth National Diet sixteenth nation building seventeenth national traffic eighteenth ethnic marriage family nineteenth national funeral twentieth ethnic taboo article twenty-first article twenty-second article minority religious festivals twenty-third ethnic names twenty-fourth ethnic autonomous areas twenty-fifth natural resources twenty-sixth national specialty twenty-seventh places of historic interest and scenic beauty twenty-eighth national economy twenty-ninth National Science and technology thirtieth national medicine thirty-first national education thirty-second national literature thirty-third national art thirty-fourth article thirty-fifth ethnic minority sports @##@ appendix October 1, 1999 is the 5 anniversary of the founding anniversary of the people's Republic of china. In this great festival is approaching, we wish to create the history, for the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the hard work of people of all ethnic groups with a gift of one one "national culture" Encyclopedia of China. "Culture" is used China Encyclopedia of systematic arrangement, complete a large encyclopedia books of Chinese national culture. Her compilation and publication, is one of China's important cultural construction, to China's reform and opening up and the construction of two civilizations, to implement the party's national policy, promote national cultural knowledge, to promote national unity and cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries, will provide more help. For thousands of years, the Chinese people of all nationalities in ancient oriental this ancient land, work together to create, the brilliant history and splendid culture. The Chinese nation culture occupies a very important position in the history of world culture. "China culture encyclopedia" by using the concept of generalized culture, in the culture of ethnic groups, is also widely involved in the Chinese culture. This is decided by the historical characteristics of formation and development of the Chinese ethnic and minority and Han "big, small communities" distribution characteristics. "Chinese culture encyclopedia" content covers almost all aspects of our national culture. The book is composed of the preface,Objective, guide, catalogue, text, appendix and postscript. The body is the main part of the book, including general, ethnic theory, policy, law, philosophy, politics, ethics, psychology, population, language, text, history, archaeology, figure, dress, diet, marriage, funeral, construction, transportation, taboo, religion, festivals, people, resources, products, scenic spot, economy, science and technology, medicine, education, literature, art, sports and ethnic work in 35 parts. Appendix is knowledge of the use of high frequency, consists of 19 parts China minority profile, China ethnic autonomy of the local table, China national language is a short form, China national autonomous local economic statistics, China national events. The book is rich in content, has the characteristics of comprehensive, knowledge, systematic, practical. Hope this book can meet the national workers, ethnic universities and colleges and other colleges and universities, social workers, and on all fronts to concern national problems and national culture reader.
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"China culture Encyclopedia (volume one)" was published by Chinese National Photographic Art press.
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