Study of cultural strategy in the world

Date of publication:2002-11-1   Press: Shanghai foreign language education press.   Author:Zhu Weilie   Pages:212   Words:177000  
Summary

Digest 3) Islamic cultural invasion of South West not quiet, nor safe. Russia's decline so that the area had received the bullying is unwilling to lie low, revenge. For many years, up here,down there Islamic extremist forces by NATO bombing of Yugoslavia violence in Chechnya as a breakthrough point, was opened to the Russian offensive formation, in an attempt to restore the past Osman empire's sphere of influence, establish the cultural region connecting the Middle East, Central Asia including the Caucasus region of Russia, pan Turkism. So, the cultural intermediary East-West role will bypass Russia, to bear, from Turkey and other Middle Eastern countries and the original, Russia believes that his shoulder this mission is most appropriate, should be clear, there is a crisis, so deeply worried. The Islamic extremist forces take advantage of a weak point consequences be no trivial matter. According to the statistical data, in the Russian territory inhabited by 1500 - 25000000 muslims. The north Caucasus, the Volga River basin, Ural, Western Siberia, it is a Muslim community. The disintegration of the Soviet Union. Many of them in the Russian border, lead to their dissatisfaction. In some neighboring countries of the population, there are a number of Muslims, they and the Russian peoples there have all kinds of connections with contact, these countries have joined the organization of the Islamic conference. Slightly far some countries also have many Islamic countries, such as Turkey, Pakistan etc.. These geo political situation forced Russia to focus on Islamic factors are considered in the domestic and international decisions and execution decisions. Islam has influence on Russia's national security, Russia in dealing with Islamic issues, are facing a series of unfavorable factors. One is the negative consequences of Soviet era, Muslim has long pressed for the regime, was placed in service position; the two is Russia has to Islam does not have a national policy clear, the Russian leadership dear Western forces to Islam as a Russian dissident strength; to a great extent, patriotic opposition also hold this stance, more orthodox and Russian thought; three is the radical and separatist political power from time to time with Islam, but did not bring any benefits to Russia four is Islam; Islam as a worldwide phenomenon, itself there are all sorts of contradictions, this must be reflected in the Russian Islam body. Behind the Islamic extremist forces is what people, what is their purpose? Putin was very clear. That he made in 2000 July 8 to the Russian Federation Council's "state of the union" in: "the cold war has become history, but still did not eliminate the pernicious influence. This is an attempt to excuse the vestiges of humanitarian action damage to national sovereignty, to coin a phrase, is to carry out the humanitarian intervention, it is difficult to find a common language in area or the threat of international threat. In the new external form of aggression, international terrorism and the domestic directly threatened by terrorism cases, Russia had a series of challenges to its sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state. Russia is facing to attempt to change the various forces in the world geopolitical situation." This "the power" he said clearly also includes the Islamic extremist forces. Putin said, "don't make a country powerful cannot answer these challenges and many other challenges", therefore, power is the principal content of Putin's "Russian thought". In addition to the above factors, the Central Asian strategic location, is the cultural place, various national, religious, cultural "combination", but also strategic resources, mineral oil cornucopia. The distinctive geographical features, enable it to become the world's rare "diversity" area, the security situation of the region shows a high degree of complexity. Many cultural and ethnic groups in Central Asia and its surrounding area cross-border distribution, ethnic disputes or sectarian conflict in a country can easily spread to other countries and even cause conflicts between countries.Therefore America former national security adviser Brzezinski in the "great game" in Central Asia known as the "ethnic melting pot", to "Eurasia balkan". The former Soviet Union, the Soviet Union in the subgenus political and cultural sphere of influence, socialist ideology occupies the dominant position in the Central Asian countries. Now, to restore the former superpower's sphere of influence, Russia has been inadequate, but it a big strategic away, not only can not be reconciled, but also dangerous. Therefore, Putin in 2000 May just after taking the oath of office soon led the defense minister, foreign minister, Minister of energy and a number of senior officials "beyond all expectations," the first visit to the five Central Asian countries and Russia relations more distant to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan and other countries. This not only explains the Eurasian heartland in Central Asia to Russia's importance, but also prove, Russia has to have to mind their own "backyard". 3 geo political Siege: double headed eagle to fly to where? All these, make Russia into geopolitical crisis, the collapse of Eurasia "heart". "Extrusion along the continental margins around Russia four conflict with or is the four crisis arc: 'broken zone' before the main forces of the Soviet Union Central District and the Balkan region as the main range along the Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan; Turkey, some new Central Asian countries (such as Tajikistan) Islam 'crescent' from the subcontinent of South Asia; India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka on territorial disputes, nuclear test and the launch of a new round of fierce fighting battles caused by 'hot spots'; caused by the Caucasus region of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan each other without stop fighting out of the CIS' shock zone'. These derived for the consequences of the disintegration of the Soviet Union, are directly or indirectly spread to Russia, to the Russian geopolitical security environment has added new accident and threats ", Russia has just entered the turn of the century, is facing a severe test of vital importance. Many scholars according to the characteristics of ethnic and cultural analysis concluded that, "Russia is a won't listen to reason of state", "Russia is a schizophrenic countries". Putin came to power after the double headed eagle will fly to where, it is to make the world attention. Now to make predictions about the details, it is too early for. But one thing can be sure about, that Russia will never become the west, the West will never fully accepted in russia. This is decided by the cultural nationalism, is composed of a Slavic nation superiority, Anglo Saxon nation superiority, the contradiction and conflict between a Germanic nation superiority decision, but also by the "historical mission of Russian national theory" and as the European culture of the United Nations "manifest destiny" and "not compatible with" decision. Europe and Russia do not trust each other, they who are unwilling to lose their dominance in European affairs, unwilling to let the new USA dominating the world, although American in culture and national origin are based on Western Europe as the parent. The Russian double headed eagle emblem on, a staring at Europe and the Atlantic. Russia is traditionally a European country, its political, economic and cultural center of gravity are in Europe, it will never be reconciled to the east corner back to Europe, reduced to a secondary role be of little. "Construction from the Atlantic to Ural of the European building, Russia is not without this ambition. Therefore, both competition and cooperation, both conflict and compromise, not Everything is going smoothly., little not stumble, is the future trend of Russia and europe." Coincidentally, USA emblem also has an eagle. As a kind of culture, the national emblem is a symbol of the country and nation, but also reflect a country's political and policy. President Kennedy was in the formulation of the "peace strategy" evolution is emphasized: "in the president's badge, USA Eagle right claw with an olive branch, left claw clutching a bundle of arrows, we give the same attention to these two things." _ Russian double headed eagle from the Byzantine empire. Called "the Ross emperor" Ivan III with the Byzantine emperor niece married Sophia, the imperial crown symbol -- the double headed eagle logo into Russia, inscribed on the seal, in order to express the Byzantine successor Ross desire. Russian Eagle head wearing a blue crown. Its symbolic meaning is: as a whole, the Russian Federation and as part of the Federal Republic all sovereignty. Double eagle claw left holding a mace, right holding Golden Globe, on behalf of the state power and unity. The eagle chest there is a red shield, painted with the St. George Tu snake picture, meaning light over darkness is inevitable. A double headed eagle was the symbol of Imperial Russia, Russia with it instead of the former Soviet union representatives of workers and peasants culture of the hammer and sickle pattern, reflecting the provenance in Russia during the transition period of a new generation of leaders ambition, no wonder when Putin put forward his "the new Russian Idea" will cause no less people panic, because from the talons clenched. The mace and golden globe, people think of the Tsarist aggression and expansion, Stalin's totalitarianism, and Russian imperialist ambitions throughout the world.......
Catalogue of books

Chapter 1 introduction under the background of economic globalization, cultural strategy of the first section "economic globalization" is not equal to "cultural globalization" second strong culture and weak culture festival third China culture second chapter of contemporary USA foreign cultural strategy first festival culture and international relations in section second America foreign policy ideology, identity and interests of the third day America foreign cultural strategy: the Cold War legacy fourth America cultural hegemony: Post Cold War trend fifth section of the USA cultural hegemony a boycott of the third chapter of "Russian thought" -- Putin's cultural strategy and cultural strategy policy the first festival second festival "Russian thought" origin third tortuous historical development track section fourth "Russia thought connotation of" section fifth "Russian thought" the fourth chapter: the characteristics of the internal and external cultural strategy and cultural factors the first festival culture defines and European cultural identity of second EU cultural policy in the European Union foreign cultural policy in section third, chapter fifth unique French cultural policy and cultural policy five years first day Why third methods of plan second implementation of the festival in the Uruguay round of the French cultural exception in section fourth, France has a cultural protectionism? The sixth chapter of Japan's "nation building" strategy of the first section to strengthen culture construction in section second cultural undertakings in section third to establish a "culture establishs a country" strategy in section fourth to actively carry out international cultural exchange the seventh chapter cultural foreign strategy of Middle Eastern countries in the Arab Israeli conflict, the first section by section second restricts the religious origin of Arabia country and Western cultural factors in section third and section fourth of contemporary Islamic movement effect on international relations seek diversity of cross culture @##@. Funding is the key research center for social science fund of colleges and universities include: under the background of economic globalization, cultural strategy, cultural strategy, contemporary American perspective "Russian thought", Putin's cultural strategy.
Chapter excerpt

In twentieth Century 90 time metaphase, Shanghai International Studies University has held the "Middle East and Middle Eastern culture", "cultural factors in the international relations", symposium, many scholars believe that the cultural strategy, strengthen the research in international relations, has the important practical significance, it is a pressing matter of the moment, I hope we can organize team systematically exploring this field. In 1996, the national Ministry of Education approved the US declared "International Cultural Strategy Research" project included in the "Nine Five" plan, group members through the years to collect data, the induction analysis, concentrated by statute, and almost all of the publications and various seminar, after finishing modification, in order to improve foundation the academic circles at home and abroad on the existing research achievements and breakthroughs. Whether to do so, yet to be readers test. Book chapters as follows: the introduction of editors -- Zhu Weilie, the first chapter -- Yu Xintian researcher, the second chapter -- Dr. Liu Yongtao, the third chapter -- associate researcher Wang Ning, the fourth chapter -- associate researcher, Dr. Wang Zhiqiang Dai Qixiu, the fifth chapter -- Xiao Yun associate researcher, the sixth chapter -- Wu Xinbo's assistant, the seventh chapter -- LeeWeijian research fellow. Though the book is designed by me, and finally revise, but it is without doubt a study of collective cooperation achievements. Researchers, in addition to like-minded colleagues, go to all lengths of SISU, Dr. Liu Yongtao has the Shanghai Institute of international studies, director Yu Xintian researcher, Li Weijian researcher at the Fudan University comprehensive room and American research center to participate in, their profound knowledge and extraordinary insight, as the book grace. In addition, Professor of Fudan University, director of international relations and global issues research center Yu Zhengliang from first to last very concerned about the progress of this topic, given a lot of help and guidance; Shanghai International Institute Professor Hu Lizhong, the political department head professor Dou Hui, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Institute researcher Pan Guang Eurasian long and Shanghai Institute of international studies of editing many experts Guo Longlong director Professor and so on, but also for the book made a contribution, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude. Zhu Weilie in 2001 April
Postscript

Nowadays, great changes occurred in culture, cultural factors also become the international academic attention to the important level is the trend of the times that. "Study" the cultural strategy international is the focus on the cultural aspects of the knowledge of the book, I believe this book for those who want to international culture has certain interest and those who want to have a more profound understanding in this respect readers is the rare books.
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