Between blood and geopolitical

Date of publication:2001-12   Press: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press   Author:Qian Hang   Pages´╝Ü354  
Summary

This book is the domestic academic research problem China upon the first monograph, exists in the other clans (including name and surname two types), is the social behavior between blood, is a certain stage of the product development to Chinese clan system. The number of results is not the formation of a large clan organization new, but its forming a name on the basis of common interests, deepening understanding of the number and other basic properties, internal structure and details. Deepening will help Chinese clan research and grass-roots social structure research.
blood relationship and geo: China history United clan association
the book is domestic and foreign historians about the problem China upon first monograph. Generally exists in the Chinese folk society of the clan's number (including name and surname two types), is a kind of between blood relationship and geo social behavior. Together, is a certain stage of the product Chinese clan system development, its occurrence, development, has the profound historical reasons and social reasons; the number of results, not the formation of a large clan organization new, but the formation of geopolitical relationship or a name or surname on the basis of common interests. The number of problems for the traditional understanding China name study, the evolution of genealogy and clan genealogy theory, accurately grasp the essence of Ming, Qing Dynasty changes China clan form occur gradually, and in recent years is China rural deeply with the traditional clan structure and function of the "transition" process, it has important academic significance, the theoretical and practical significance.
1884, Engels in the "family, ownership and the state of origin" in one book, once the country according to the relation of blood relationship to divide and the organization of national, into the geopolitical relations to divide and the organization of national, marks the historic progress is of great significance in human history of social development. The famous Japanese scholar Shimizu Morihikaru in 1939 "China Society for research", the China rural village form, divided into blood and geopolitical village village two, thought that the geography village is in the disintegration of consanguineous village based on (that is, from a single surname village evolved into other mixed village). Since the modern times, the backwardness of criticisms over the history of Chinese consanguineous social organization narrowness and traditional clan system, as well as the example of study a series of classic launched, are similar to the theoretical analysis and historical review as their starting point or premise. This of course can explain a considerable part of the facts, but can not be said to have covered everything, at least not aware that there were still upon a kind of social phenomenon. United as one kind of in the grass root society activities, on the one hand through common surnames the connection between the same surname, show a certain degree of consanguinity relationship; on the other hand, meet the common function and interest, reflects the adjacent or close geopolitical relations between each surname clan. In a very long period of time, the other in a vast geographical area, especially, focus on a number of sports, the formation and operation of regional society, the folk life, active organization, coordination and balance, played an importantTo effect. This action not only continues today, and with the modern conditions of a new round of united movement took place, there was a further strengthen and deepen. The existence and development history of
China history together can clearly illustrate, than it would on clan structure, simple clan function is more direct and profoundly reflects the formation process, mechanism and the actual meaning China geographical society. For the other occurred more frequently in after the mid Ming Dynasty, therefore, to accurately the development history of rural society Chinese evolution explain, since the Qing Dynasty, the other is obviously a very proper and has a broad future research academic perspective.
it Chinese clan system history itself, a number of important field is worthy of serious attention.
in China clan history, relationship between the origin and change trend of the clan, clan branches, namely, partnership, which is a fundamental topic in the clan, be consistent from beginning to end by the scholars attention. If you want to roughly on the results of feature as a stage division of words, the Ming dynasty or license as a demarcation in time. Before this, the pre Qin to the Han Dynasty theorists are established in the bulk, small as vice clan lineage theory; Wei to the late Tang, five generation of scholars and bureaucrats, the significance and the function of the political field poetic couplet surname discussed enough. The Song Dynasty is a transitional stage. The change of the political environment, the folk lineage differentiation and miniaturization degree deepening, the theorists and politicians have begun to find a can link the past, but also face the reality of the interpretation strategy, ou, Su spectral type, a small lineage as the main model is emerge as the times require. After the Ming Dynasty, the area Chinese (in East China, Southern China) clan appeared in the establishment of a joint degree of relationship is not a name (or together in between, or other) trend. Reflect this trend is compiled a number of other class of genealogy. The number of class of formal description genealogy at least known hundreds. At the same time, in a variety of genealogy, genealogy, Genealogy (especially in "Genealogy" named genealogy in), also includes a large number of records about the activities of the. Upon becoming a new characteristic of the development of history China clan system in Ming Dynasty.
for a long time, people are accustomed to or meet the United and the other is simplified, not only is still not a religious problem associated system of monographs, articles are only a few articles, and even the definition of poetic couplet Zong also no serious discussion. For China social historians attach great importance to their problems and grass-roots social structure, this situation is clearly not satisfied.
in this book, the author integrated use of history, literature, sociology and modern social anthropology, fully summarized the domestic and foreign academic circles has been achieved, the China history together and the other, the comprehensive.
the book is divided into 10 chapters, respectively is: the classification and basic definitions about United; summary of the academic history and other related; system of the ancient name of history: China; other surname Association; the number of history two: pass spectrum; the number of history three: Chinese genealogy of ancient together; and visit other name; genealogy; according to the process and the type name, number, and types; according to the number of different.
on the basis of previous studies, the book's contribution is:
A, determines the basic definition and scope of United;
two, a history of academic research of the other;
three, traces back to the historical origin of the jointing, especially the relationship with China traditional clan genealogy.;
four, summarizes the main types of jointing;
five, exploring other academic value, theoretical and practical significance.
the research difficulties at the present stage, jointing, or for researchers most urgent need to address the problem, mainly is to build a basic academic frame, ask and answer some basic properties of the problem, in practice to illustrate how to combined case study? The other study what can or want to solve some of what problem? The focal point of this book is this.
Catalogue of books

The directory
the introduction about the number of
public class and the basic definition of
the first section surname between individuals upon
second surname clan together between
third surname upon
Fourth other
the first chapter and other related academic history research overview of
the first section simian
second section of Makino Xun
Third Social Anthropological lineage theory
fourth section Morris Friedman
fifth other scholar
second chapter China ancient surname system
the first section surname system basic category of basic category name:
Second Surname System: one of the two
third section name, family and clan's,
third chapter upon history: surname coupling
first name and surname group
second of the pre Qin era name and surname idea connection
third surname of common lineage tracing
Fourth chapter upon history two: pass spectrum
the first festival pass Spectrum Classification
second day pass spectrum appeared in the era of the
third day general spectrum of family line (spectrum) characteristics of
fourth day pass spectrum formed the basis of
fifth Chapter three: the number of historical Chinese genealogy of ancient
the first section bulk genealogy of
second small clan genealogy of
third section two kinds of spectral type
sixth chapter number and position in the family hierarchy name
first visit shop formulation and its symbolic meaning of
second section about brand differentiation, visit integration of
third day visit brand integration process and the type of
seventh chapters together genealogy of
the first section upon genealogy of the basic characteristics of
second the number of genealogy of empirical: Guangdong Province Dongguan county "Qing Tang Deng's great hall" and other
third day family structure type and number relationship of
Fourth other genealogy and clan transformation of
eighth chapter surname the number of basis, process and type
the first day to rebuild the clan history as the goal of the surname upon
Second in their cooperation as the goal of the surname upon (one)
third in their cooperation as the goal of the same surname the number of (two)
fourth section on other properties of
ninth chapter further thinking together according to different process types, and
the first section surname upon type One of the other: two
second different types of United festival originated from the same ancient name: three the number of
third different types of source number in the same paternal relationship: from the relationship between
he has other.
Book citation of
index
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