Study on the folk Yunnan promise well salt production

Date of publication:2009-12   Press: Yunnan people's Publishing House   Author:Zhu Xia   Pages:240   Words:270000  
Summary

The book of Yunlong County in Yunnan province of Nuodeng village folk traditional well salt production, mainly discusses the relationship between the production technology and the folk custom, and social activities of the folk custom folk technology. The concrete around the raw material resource allocation, well salt production organization, division of labor, product operations, production of ritual and belief activities of folklore research. Focus on the choice of Lang Xiang Nuo Deng village Yunlong County of Yunnan Province as investigation, on the field investigation, and the reference of local historical documents, research and analysis the previous folklore less involved in the traditional production technology and process, and reveals the relationship between the production technology and the local social life and traditional well salt; illustrates the interaction mechanism between the village folk and salt production the national kitchen household system; interpretation of well salt production technology in the local belief culture, explore the modern change and the characteristics of folk custom of well salt production. Try to put the Dengs salt production folklore as a relatively complete system of folklore. The book is divided into eight parts, before and after the two part is the introduction and conclusion, the body consists of six chapters. The first chapter uses the local historical data and field survey data, carries on the summary to the village of Nuodeng salt production folk custom history, geography, economy, politics and culture, the natural environment and the social and local characteristics of well salt production of folk village. The second chapter mainly elaborates on the field investigation, is "Sixteen focus" brine distribution folk, folk heritage and its significance, points out that the "Sixteen focus" is people salt society in the spontaneous formation of non-governmental organizations and norms in the development of the brine, distribution, involving halogen right in family inheritance and flow, reflects the relationship between halogen rights allocation and the well salt production mode. The third chapter studies the production of salt production technology in folk custom, to describe and analyse the people in the society of knowledge, the well salt well salt mine internal structure, process, discusses the link technology of two salt production technology, namely the brine mining and boiled aqueous salt, wells and foci formation using attention around these two kinds of technology. Production practices. And it is pointed out that the traditional well salt production technology has all the characteristics of folk custom, at the same time with other folk like different characteristics. The fourth chapter mainly from the perspective of people's survival interests well village salt smuggling activities, description and analysis of well salt and salt in people's idea concrete manifestation of a village. Between the salt people reflect and unreasonable state salt systemThe conflict, and the resulting protection activities of folk customs of salt. Salt is an important factor in producing sustained and production technical inheritance. The fifth chapter discusses the relationship between the folklore of well salt production technology and folk beliefs. Description and analysis to offer sacrifices to the Dragon King belief by brine and salt well, to reveal the complex relationship between folk salt knowledge system and the folk belief system. The people on the inheritance is the belief base and halogen, selectively absorbed by immigrants brought the view of Feng Shui, the salt formation is specific pattern of Feng Shui concept, making the foreign religion and local beliefs organically, to enrich and develop the salt of the faith. The sixth chapter discusses the modern transformation of the folklore of well salt production, describes the "folklore disappeared and influence of brine distribution of sixteen focus", and discuss some characteristics of technology variation of folklore and disappear, explained the technical change and disappear influence to the culture factors. This book captures the close relationship between production technology and halogen customs, production organization, division of labor, product marketing, production and ritual beliefs; points out the well salt production technology is the core of well salt production of folk custom, social cultural factors affecting its many important, is the basic criterion for folklorists observation technology in society, folk custom of well salt production; technology is a special kind of folk, has the characteristics of folk custom, and inheritance of folk traditional way; when the production technology of folklore and age well salt is not suitable for development, will change, and even disappear.
Catalogue of books

The value of the topic and the research range of two related academic history of research on three data sources, using the principles and methods used in this book are four on the part of the technology and the folk custom description of terms the first chapter in Yunnan province village of Nuodeng salt production folk custom history background section Yunnan Salt History briefly in section second is well salt production folk historical records third Festival folklore of well salt production of the background of the village of Nuodeng village, a natural geography and population of two village of Nuodeng salt production economy Sannuo Deng Cun, political background is well salt production of four villagers Religion: village of salt production technology of local social characteristics of folk second chapter "Sixteen stove" -- distribution and succession of the right of brine halogen folk section "Sixteen focus" brine distribution folk brine unit of measurement, time and share two brine distribution folk heritage of second festival folk kitchen household organization and official kitchen household system "Sixteen focus" and kitchen household organization folk two "sixteen focus" folklore and the official household stoves system section third private halide With the halogen: classification and the public a custom of family halogen rights allocation and the public -- private custom a halogen halogen family rights allocation and salt production mode two: basic characteristics of halogen third chapter well room and kitchen brine distribution and kitchen household organization folk production folk custom and its inheritance section well real production technology and long industrial heritage a villager of salt well knowledge and underground structure engineering two long halogen technology three long identity of the industry and technology inheritance section second kitchen production technology and skill inheriting a kitchen equipment in the tools and water boiling process of two kitchen division of labor and skill inheritance summary: Well room and kitchen production technology of folklore the fourth chapter salt production and marketing characteristics of folk customs and folk used to form marketing management marketing of formation and function of two official salt system first well Siyan concept and range of private households private inertial system and its implicit a well Siyan idea two household stoves used for section second villagers Salt marketing activities of salt road three private salt: Ritual basic characteristic of the fifth chapter salt salt production and marketing activities and folk custom. Daily ritual ceremonies and halogen dragon and Feng Shui first salt well salt of the Dragon King will be a two -- pattern of Feng Shui and artificial building ritual salt three halogen Dragon King under the authority of section second salt rain seeking ritual of Fengshui beliefs and heritage of a salt wind water pattern and the natural environment of "Tai Chi three two salt water lock the legend of the" narration and its symbolic meaning of Dragon King: halogen rituals and Jing Feng Shui pattern sixth chapters of folklore of well salt production of modern change in Section 1 of Nuodeng halogen right allocation folklore disappeared and influence of a "Sixteen focus" halogen right allocation folk repeal the two "Sixteen focus" folklore disappeared second production technology of folk variation and disappear for a well salt production changed two salt production technology improvement of three salt production technology of folklore disappeared in third day salt belief decline and agricultural revival of faith a salt belief decline two a Buddism godness Guanyin seedlings with agricultural revival of faith summary: characteristics of village of salt technology in modern folk knot theory change the Lord Reference appendix Nuodeng village household stoves, salt industry and salt field interviews and reports from appendix two main providers of information in a postscript
Chapter excerpt

Inset: the profound impact on all aspects of the use of technology of folklore. Two aspects of customs and salt technical vocabulary is used in this paper, it is necessary to explain; at the same time, because the salt industry society has a set of special terms, it is necessary to use the local language to explain. The technique folklore in this book, that people in the physical production practice of collective creation and inheritance, aims to solve the problems of people's survival, with technology, skills and operation as the core of the folk customs, including traditional folk, such as salt, sugar, dyeing and weaving, ceramics, papermaking, printing, iron etc.. Mainly to the people to hold and inherit the technology as a recurring pattern, with things like folk, all the basic features of folk custom of having technology, has inherited from generation to generation in time, and has spreading spread to the surrounding area in space, technology has showed variability in folklore improved technology. Impact of technology on society of folk custom is often deep and long, research on the technology of this folk custom is more important. The traditional well salt production technology refers to the technology and the method used for salt production, is the ancient invention. The use of Bailing method in exploiting the natural brine; method and technology of salt pan, use round pan boiling salt in brine. Because of its experienced a small production by manual operation to mechanization, the development of modern production process, the traditional well salt technology is relative to the modern salt technology introduced, it does not include the use of modern technology in the exploitation of gas lift in brine or deep well submersible pump, not including the method of vacuum evaporation and thermal evaporation the use of salt. The traditional well salt is manual method workshop style which is suitable to the local traditional society. Big shallow wells refers to the wellhead Chinese southwest is relatively large, relatively shallow wells. The wellhead high EI Asakai from a few feet to Zhang Xu, and the well depth is only a few feet only, which is characterized by the large and shallow. In Yunnan, most wells are Asakai IZl, also called skin well. Well salt production in Yunnan until the period of the Republic of China is still at the stage of the big shallow wells. The promise is a typical large El Asakai, seven feet deep, around two more than square. Downhole structure refers to the structure of Nuodeng well under halogen system and water system, is a scientific concept of brine workers dependent and salt water from the fresh, in opposition to each other under the guidance of underground water and fresh water, the sequence of events well, halogen system and water system of two channels in the underground excavation, through the underground structure, successfully separate freshwater and brackish water. Briefly, the salt water channel was dug with a groove Jian height, use the drop to the brine into salt water pool under the wellhead.
Editor recommends

"Research" folk Yunnan promise well salt production is a key project of Ministry of education, "Professor Dong Xiaoping key humanities and social science research base China folk literature history" (02JAZJD840003) is one of the sub project, by the Beijing Normal University folk ancient writing research center funded research, Beijing Normal University publishing funds 211 projects funded.
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