A person dies from pregnant in the womb until, even to die for a long time, are always in the folk custom environment like air is indispensable for people, society custom is link communication emotion, is a sign of mutual recognition, is to regulate the behavior of the principle is to maintain the adhesive group solidarity, generations of temper and inheritance of traditional culture. In the grasslands of Gobi, have with flavor of milk on the cliff edge, Mongolia; built on stilts in the air; Turpan basin, is standing in the heat of the summer Adobe houses; and Hainan Li "boat house", Tibetan and Qiang of blockhouses, Yunnan Dai bamboo house...... In the vast area of 9600000 square kilometers of China, different ecological environment, production and way of life and religious beliefs, created traditional residential culture of different nationalities, regions, and in their respective residential structure, form and style, showing obvious spatial differences. All the minority nationalities living culture, showing different humanistic color.
Ye He, Professor, tutor of doctoral students of folklore literature and communication, Minzu University of China. Director China folklore society, executive director of the China Oriental Culture Research Association, member Chinese writers association. His major works include "the nomadic culture", "custom", "China nomadic women folk culture".
The first chapter of Inner Mongolia and northeast minority folk residences in Mongolia and "immortal column" northeast area fixed residence Kang Zhao Temple Building second chapter palace building in Northwest Minority residential adobe dwellings Uygur room layout and custom yurt and yurt life mosque building culture of third chapters in southwest minority residential Ganlan style residential and residential environment "three Zhaobi square" and "a printed" shapes of southwest ethnic Tibetan, Qiang nationality architectural vernacular villages in public buildings, religious buildings and folk beliefs and customs fourth chapter south, Southeast minority residential different ethnic groups of Ganlan style architecture stone room, cabin, cottage, "ship shape Wu" distinctive Yu and Tujia folk houses, ancestral temple, bridges and public houses by the village landscape indoor facilities and furniture
The first chapter of Inner Mongolia and northeast minority residential Kang Manchu "Swastika Kang Kang called" sleep "Manchu words Kang", or "circles," Kang Kang "kidnapper", "man Chi Kang" etc.. The Manchu language called "tile". The fire has its own features. First, the ring chamber for kang. The bedroom in the north and south of the West in a narrow pass Kang, Kang, also some West Kang and south, North Kang with wide, connected with the south, North Kang, constitute the "Wu". The chimney through the walls to the outside. Second, the kang surface is wide, five feet wide. Kang is the living place, and is a place. Known as the "fire", "kang". Third, and most important point is to keep us warm. The use and the invention of the Kang is through cooking stove for heating, cooking, boil water or heat by heated kang, Kang, so always hot. Some people in order to keep warm, the indoor ground below also make flue, known as the "fire" or called "kang". Fourth, "the chimney on the ground" is another feature of Manchu dwellings. Manchu Kang, chimney is rough, with bricks and clay barrier is rectangular, known as the "Hulan manchu". The chimney above the eaves of several feet, are connected by a channel and a kang. The Manchu people like hot Kang, they are often in the edge of inlaid wood, engraved with a volume of design, simple and beautiful appearance of the decorative and paving brick gain by contrast. "Ning Guta" set: "the house of unequal size, wood greatly. White mud mud slide, considerable. The thickness of the wall several feet, although winter chill between intrusive, as cream. The south, West, north house around three Kang, Kang with reed mat, mat covered with red carpet. Kang six feet wide, two feet long and five or six feet on each side. The night while lying on the Kang, will certainly to lie, namely to vice versa. Cabinet bedding, furniture, wall mounted on the northwest...... On the east wall to wall partition, there are two North and South Kang, southern window is real. There is no chairs, Kang Table, all sit cross legged." Manchu family life to Kang as the center, the daily life are inseparable with the Kang, and so on the Kang is also very important. When building a house, but also to cover the West Wing room after the East wing. The traditional "Xi Kang for" custom. Xi Kang as the Supreme position. The family must not sitting, not in the West Kang eating, no guests sitting, not placing people photos, portraits, but are not allowed to leave dog skin hat, leather whip. Manchu people climbing the western wall to worship at home "fathers board" (worship tablets), therefore, also known as "Buddha Xi Kang Kang", west wall worship Buddha box is the most sacred, ordinary people can not see. Box treasured the ancestors, national hero and the clan, nation respected figures, and records the rise and fall of genealogy, family history and ancestry. So the Kang only sacrificial offerings. In West Kang is the ancestor worship of the holy land, do not touch. The long-term life in the vast region of northeast of Songhua River and Heilongjiang river. The geographic and climatic conditions, production, life style and social development level determines the characteristics of Manchu dwellings, and gradually formed a distinct characteristics of the minority nationalities in the north bedroom customs. In order to resist the winter snow and cold, Manchu ancestors Sushen, Lou Yi people and not auspicious person basic as "cave". The Nuzhen people in the early formation, still follow the "cave" efficient customs.......
Culture @ 2017