Introduction to Chinese and foreign folk

Date of publication:2002-7   Press: Sichuan University press   Author:Shi Yingping   Pages:561   Words:449000  
Preface

The worldwide, with the gradual improvement of social and economic development and people's living standards, tourism is increasingly becoming a new way of life and consumption fashion. On the drive back to nature consciousness, people eagerly into the embrace of nature, reveling in the beautiful and natural shape. In addition, eager to understand foreign he domain of culture, communication and intercultural dialogue and the people of other countries, but also the active participation of the people in cultural tourism activities lasting inner driving force. Folk custom is an important part of national culture, but also an important tourism resources. Chinese and foreign nations colorful folk customs, which accumulates have their own rich historical and cultural traditions, but also embodies the feelings of the people rich, for tourists from home and abroad with a magnet. Tourism activity itself is a kind of large-scale cultural exchange. Be familiar with, understand and respect the national and foreign customs and habits, the friendly exchanges between countries, ethnic groups and mutual understanding, international, domestic tourism, is extremely important. In order to carry out extensive and rapid development of tourism industry adapt to the tourism activities, tourism management professional training compound talents for tourism industry. Therefore, it requires the students not only learn to master the basic theory and basic knowledge of tourism management, but also have profound cultural quality, be familiar with the knowledge of traditional culture. This book is written specifically to meet the needs of professional tourism management of higher education self-study examination of a textbook, aims to give the students a more systematic folk culture based on knowledge, so as to their future in practice to further understand Chinese and foreign folk custom help. At present, the popularity of books on Chinese and foreign folk customs of the published textbooks, but also has a variety of folklore. This book will popularize reading textbooks and the Folklore Custom properly conducted a comprehensive treatment, the goal is to make the tourism professional students, can according to folklore knowledge of many Chinese and foreign folk custom phenomenon systematically analyze, and consistent with the professional direction of learning and learning level. In the process of writing about folklore, professional knowledge, the main reference to China's folklore circles predecessors Mr. Zhong Jingwen editor of "Introduction to folklore" and Liaoning University professor 乌丙安 "folklore", "the Chinese folklore" and other books, on the basis of the theoretical framework for the theoretical research part of knowledge, to do the appropriate deletion, and increase the number of examples, so that domestic and foreign tourist activities involving national, regional, national folk custom phenomenon to be understood. In addition, the book also absorbs the domestic and foreign academic research results, and learn a lot of books and literature. The Tourism College of Sichuan University He Linfeng, Liu Xiaobei, Deng Qiuxia, Tang Lin, Yu Dan, Yang Qiang, Long Rui, Fan Xinyou, Yang Yi Xiaoli, Ningdong other involved in the part of data collection and compilation. Here, also expressed deep gratitude. Limited to the editor's level and the rush of time, the book oversight deficiencies can hardly be avoided, ask the experts and readers. In 2002 March @##@ editor The copyright page: (two) address salutation refers to people in their daily communication with each other in terms of. In the exchanges, whether by mouthThe first language or written language, call are very important, it means respect for people and not. Call is the first impression, is astepping-stone to success before communication. In interpersonal communication, the men can be called "Sir" or the name of mr.. For women, married people known as the "Lady", marital status unmarried or do not know who can be said to "Miss", unmarried and married people are referred to as the "lady". Know the name of the best name, this can give a guest the intimacy. Government officials of high status can be called "Sir", generally with the official added "Sir" two words can be. But American, Germany, Mexico and other countries are called "habit of mr.". A monarchy, the king, the queen called "giant", Prince, Prince, Princess named "Royal Highness", for those who had known the title title, also called "Sir" or "mr.". Some occupation titles but as engaged in this occupation person's name, such as doctors, judges, lawyers etc.. PhD degree can be addressed, such as dr.. Military personnel generally called rank, or rank "Sir", know its name, may be preceded by name. Some countries to the general field marshal, and other senior generals also known as "your excellency". The church clergy generally referred to the church office name, title and title, such as "father", "Abba, father," gamma "". The bishop or the clergy may also be referred to as "your excellency". China and Japan to the duty or the identity of state-owned high lady says "Mr." habit. China called "comrade" habit. Call the method with Comrade "position". Name "comrade", or separate calls the others as "comrade". In addition, some countries have their own habits such as name, called "citizen" etc.. In a word, in calling each other names, it is necessary to pay attention to universal custom name, also need to consider the specific circumstances of the guest country, appropriate use, appropriate address, avoid rude. (three) greeting greeting people with different nationalities, to abide by the etiquette, greetings to use different way according to the specific time, place, object, to be perfectly logical and reasonable, natural, warm feeling, also is in etiquette. The most simple words is "good morning", "good afternoon", "good evening", or say "hello". Don't say hello to acquaintances, or don't answer to you hi, is to people's rude behavior. Now the international exchanges, greeting of "hello", the need to pay attention to is: use this greeting in the relationship between the more familiar with the case. The relationship is not too familiar with the case, in order to show respect, it is best not to use "hello", more grasp Xiang hou language is "good morning", "good afternoon", "good evening". And Westerners greetings, should avoid to use China type, such as "where are you going?" In the eyes of Westerners, the nose into other people's affairs of the suspects, is not a polite language rich. Don't say "have you had dinner yet?" Otherwise, he will misunderstand you want to invite him to dinner. The American greeting someone casually, in most cases, as long as not meet for the first time, can use "hello" to say hello, rarely pay attention to identity, age and level; the Europeans are not so easily, such as young people to the elderly, low status of identity is high, it should not casually use the most simple the term "Hello!" To say hello, but should use the "good morning", "good afternoon", "good evening". Greet the Japanese, the most common words are "you", "hello", "please", "please", "sorry", "excuse me.". Countries in Pakistan and the Middle East, as many believe in Islam, to greet the first sentence is "God bless", as a sign of blessing. In Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka and other Buddhist countries said "may God bless". Greetings in a variety of ways, but a greeting to colloquial, don't kick up a cloud of dust, but not vulgar, indecent.
Summary

This book is written specifically to meet the needs of professional tourism management of higher education self-study examination of a textbook, aims to give the students a more systematic folk culture based on knowledge, so as to their future in practice to further understand Chinese and foreign folk custom help. At present, the popularity of books on Chinese and foreign folk customs of the published textbooks, but also has a variety of folklore.
book will popularize reading textbooks and the Folklore Custom properly conducted a comprehensive treatment, the goal is to make the tourism professional students, can according to folklore knowledge of many Chinese and foreign folk custom phenomenon systematically analyze, and consistent with the professional direction of learning and learning level.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter introduction to

first festival folk custom of the definition and classification of
second festival folk features and social functions of
third festival folk form, develop and inheritance of
Fourth festival custom investigation and study of the
Fifth Festival folk culture tourism resources development
second chapter material production folk custom
the first section definition and characteristics of
second natural ecological folk custom
third agricultural production custom
fourth day hunting, animal husbandry and fishery folk
fifth craftsmen folklore
sixth commercial and transportation
third chapter Costume custom
the first folk costumes consisting of
second festival folk costumes Development of
third Festival costume folk cultural connotation.
Fourth China folk costumes for
fifth foreign folk costumes for
fourth chapter diet custom
the first festival diet folk basic definition of
second festival diet custom, range and category
third China diet custom
fourth foreign folk diet for
fifth chapter living custom
the first section outline of folk custom
second people live living folk festival Expression of
third foreign residential folklore examples
sixth chapter life etiquette custom
the first festival rites of life: an introduction
second day was born on third adult ritual folk

fourth day of marriage custom
fifth birthday ceremony
sixth day funeral ceremony
seventh chapter social folk custom
the eighth chapter social etiquette
ninth chapter of festival folk custom
tenth
eleventh chapter chapter symbol of folk custom folk belief
twelfth chapter folk language and literature
thirteenth chapter folk technology
fourteenth chapter folk recreational athletic
reference
Chapter excerpt

The worldwide, with the gradual improvement of social and economic development and people's living standards, tourism is increasingly becoming a new way of life and consumption fashion. On the drive back to nature consciousness, people eagerly into the embrace of nature, reveling in the beautiful and natural shape. In addition, eager to understand foreign he domain of culture, communication and intercultural dialogue and the people of other countries, but also the active participation of the people in cultural tourism activities lasting inner driving force. Folk custom is an important part of national culture, but also an important tourism resources. Chinese and foreign nations colorful folk customs, which accumulates have their own rich historical and cultural traditions, but also embodies the feelings of the people rich, for tourists from home and abroad with a magnet. Tourism activity itself is a kind of large-scale cultural exchange. Be familiar with, understand and respect the national and foreign customs and habits, the friendly exchanges between countries, ethnic groups and mutual understanding, international, domestic tourism, is extremely important. In order to carry out extensive and rapid development of tourism industry adapt to the tourism activities, tourism management professional training compound talents for tourism industry. Therefore, it requires the students not only learn to master the basic theory and basic knowledge of tourism management, but also have profound cultural quality, be familiar with the knowledge of traditional culture. This book is written specifically to meet the needs of professional tourism management of higher education self-study examination of a textbook, aims to give the students a more systematic folk culture based on knowledge, so as to their future in practice to further understand Chinese and foreign folk custom help. At present, the popularity of books on Chinese and foreign folk customs of the published textbooks, but also has a variety of folklore. This book will popularize reading textbooks and the Folklore Custom properly conducted a comprehensive treatment, the goal is to make the tourism professional students, can according to folklore knowledge of many Chinese and foreign folk custom phenomenon systematically analyze, and consistent with the professional direction of learning and learning level. In the process of writing about folklore, professional knowledge, the main reference to China's folklore circles predecessors Mr. Zhong Jingwen editor of "Introduction to folklore" and Liaoning University professor 乌丙安 "folklore", "the Chinese folklore" and other books, on the basis of the theoretical framework for the theoretical research part of knowledge, to do the appropriate deletion, and increasingWith some examples, in order to domestic and foreign tourism activities such as nation, region, country folk phenomenon to be understood. In addition, the book also absorbs the domestic and foreign academic research results, and learn a lot of books and literature. The Tourism College of Sichuan University He Linfeng, Liu Xiaobei, Deng Qiuxia, Tang Lin, Yu Dan, Yang Qiang, Long Rui, Fan Xinyou, Yang Yi Xiaoli, Ningdong other involved in the part of data collection and compilation. Here, also expressed deep gratitude. Limited to the editor's level and the rush of time, the book oversight deficiencies can hardly be avoided, ask the experts and readers. The editor in 2002 March
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