In twentieth Century 70 at the end of 1980s, the "Cultural Revolution" after the China, to full-scale reconstruction is under way. For the restoration of East China Normal University arts inherent academic tradition, Professor Xu Zhongyu presided over the Chinese department work, the young teachers in the school several times on the professional examination, wrote in a letter too, select just engaged in the theory of literature and art to take refuge in Chinese I, Beijing Normal University professor Zhong Jingwen under the door, into the field of folklore was dubbed the "Whampoa issue" workshop training, open up new research directions. From 1979 to 1983, I had the privilege of twice to Beijing, listening to Fei Xiaotong, Zhong Jingwen, Yang Chengzhi, Bai Shouyi, Ma Xueliang, Rong 肇祖, Yang Dian, Luo Zhiping, Chang Renxia and a number of well-known professors, as well as be in the full vigour of life 魁立 Liu, Zhang Zizhan, Wu Bingan, Wang Ru LAN, dear teachers hold the pointer of folk literature and folklore,, gentlemen clank of the teachings, I had to draw on the training of professional insight and love. Meanwhile, Mr. Luo Yonglin strongly recommend me to participate in the study of folk literature and art in Shanghai city was founded and the "folk songs" newspaper, an editor and the work of the association, to have the opportunity to often go to the country Champaign, City Lane, facing the vigorous original ecological civil customs. From then on, from theory to practice completely reversed my culture and art on intellectual stance and the original idea, and gave birth to me from "method to study the three argument" fieldwork entry problem, established main tendency in my future teaching and research. As a result of this textbook is one of the. In the above foundation, starts from 1982 in Chinese department, foreign language department, the Department of psychology has opened China folklore course, after years of practice of classroom and social integration, as well as Japan, Germany, the Soviet Union (Russia), a comparative study of Finland, USA national folklore, comparative analysis of China then existing folklore textbooks, gradually established their own folklore framework and ideas. This is the book the original published 1989 "folk" Chinese. This book is different from general introduction to folklore, folklore study it from the basic to like -- "folk" theory, combined with the living customs, vivid layers of analysis, to the folk custom surface paradigm, deep structure, nature, social performance, occurrence regularity of system analysis, there are some unique insights personal.
Introduction: the occurrence and folklore consciousness of modern China folk rise the first chapter folklore first festival folk custom is a way of life: life is the second festival folk custom is a cultural mode third festival custom is the first to conquer the nature and development of production needs to infiltrate and derived the third chapter folk second day race and its development requirements third people psychological identity fourth sections of the ruling class ideology of the surface characteristics of the first section of second chapter unwritten source of folk culture (method of) Rules second stylized rules section third groups of people. The fourth chapter of the deep structure of the first festival folklore original ecological culture awareness group second culture and life of the double composite section third, economic basis and superstructure of intermediate links the fifth chapter folk performance section method about second day third day standard deviation of soft control sixth chapter folk communication section of Macross inheritance inheritance variation in section second section third transmission carrier and method in the seventh chapter, the national customs the first section Zhizhuo simplicity has characteristics of second mysterious and strange magic is strong third quarter and confused feudal rich fourth The eighth chapter section of rich and colorful practical classification Chinese folk first Chinese tangible folk festival second China life social folk third day Chinese mind folk belief in section fourth China recreation folk art ninth chapter reality application China folklore first modern classics lifetime benefit people learn second festival custom and national spirit third Festival folklore and intangible cultural heritage protection fourth Festival custom is the national rule management software Fifth Festival custom is the modernization of the powerful pillar of section sixth China folk influence on literary development of Appendix A: 2006 Zhouzhuang festival event planning and appendix two: read "Chinese folk" original postscript postscript
The dragon is not exist in reality. In the ancient Yue people deep in the heart, it is not a fixed idol of Chongxin like Zhejiang, as the original belief of "Long Sheng". Chinese more rural remains a "Longsheng" praying for rain in Chongxin dragon, the "dragon saint" and scholars generally think differently, often only some ordinary water, and even insects. And the Senate of ancient literature, by the fact that, in China ancestors heart, have unified the idea of dragon, the image is not unified dragon. This has no shape, no fixed nature of the dragon, dragon is the archetype of Chinese. The so-called "Dragon Emperor", is more rural and rain is a live long prayer ceremony. The reality is more common in rural small animal with water biology, as the dragon in the rain consciousness in the role, be prostrate oneself in worship. Mention of dragon in the China,, no one seems to not know. For its looks, it seems not. Since the Tang and Song Dynasties, especially since the Ming and Qing Dynasty, because of the influence of the feudal rulers thought, the Imperial Palace, clothing, that "the dragon, the horns of a deer, a head like a camel, eyes like rabbits, items like a snake, belly like clam, the scales of a carp, the claws of a hawk, the palm of a tiger, ears like cattle" yellow Jinlong, often from now people's eyes, familiar people. But from a historical point of Chinese dragon image, the image is actually a budding, Tang after gradually formed, the middle India dragon -- Naga -- literal translation for the penetration and influence the image of the king. ② in folk rice farmers more in mind, the dragon is only a form of dragon show. In their holy worshiping rainmakers, existing form is varied, such as eel, snakes, frogs, toads, turtles, fish, shrimp, crab and so on. This has since the ancient times, the Dragon contained in traditional literature, be quite different. For in the habit of articles, research on Dragon scholars also have never even heard of it, I'm afraid. Diversity of dragon image of the prototype, many scholars have already noticed, and there have been many this exposition. More and more farmers rain prayer worship of dragon like Saint various forms, it goes without saying, unknown, but its appearance, more difficult, and we common peopleIn the eyes of the dragon image what association.
"China folklore": college textbook
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