This book from the Chinese old customs, customs and festivals all life, living customs, social customs, customs and beliefs, folk art and folk games side, explain profound theories in simple language describes the history and present situation of China folk culture, vividly the rich connotation of China folk. Book writing is concise and vivid, rich in content and interesting, so that the readers can have a more profound understanding and more comprehensive understanding of Chinese culture, historical culture and national customs and habits.
The folk custom and the seasons of the year at the start of the New Year Spring Festival "on his words of safflower paste" -- from the Spring Festival couplets and lose to the Chinese character "Fu" have the Spring Festival why firecrackers Lantern Festival Lantern Festival worship • for • Qingming dumplings • Dragon Boat • what is called "Dragon Boat Festival" Mid Autumn Festival moon cake Chongyang • • Festival and the festival of winter and winter festival Congee with Nuts and Dried Fruits and Laba Festival ceremony on "night even two years old. He points, two years" -- meaning of life and the staying-up Zodiac folklore and Chinese natural deep name full of symbolic birth ceremony wine full moon and moon head in the meaning of name ancient rite of passage. Of every hue wedding and funeral birthday birthday: the last scene of folklore and social life of farming in the traditional custom of rain tradition to celebrate the harvest ceremony farmer production custom temple fair and fair Folk Custom Shop signs and cries heard under the guise of folk customs and daily tea custom all kinds of "no wine no seats" -- wine custom and wine culture banquet seating knowledge unique chopsticks in Spring rolls, dumplings and spring folk means fan and the etiquette custom cover housing. Popular folklore and folk language dialect and the regional culture humorous Xiehouyu condensation folk wisdom of proverbs farming proverb proverb health promoting agricultural health riddle lies wisdom jargon and its folk customs and beliefs "help people in distress" Avalokitesvara and admire the sea Mazu laugh often open Maitreya Buddha The Eight Immortals Crossing the Sea was magical mountain water • • the God of the land and with it the Guan Yu Temple why everywhere, Town God's Temple Chung Kuei down welcome the God of wealth is the apotheosis of the Lord Luban from the mountain worship to the stone worship the gift money and amulets eight and eight jixiangyu and folk traditional folk belief and folk art yangko dance on stilts and the dragon lantern and a paper cutting words goalkeeper people rich New Year paintings batik art charm suit and the common people's shadow looking dignified and strong though nice doll of clay rock and folk art and folk and folk play Cuju and kick the shuttlecock whirling gyro on hide and seek from the kite to kite Qingming swing cricket on ancient and modern "riding" and "running horse" chuiwan: rich Chinese Ancient Golf contonensis play fishing minority traditional festivals and customs The Zhuang Song Festival jubilation of the Dai Water Splashing Festival warm Torch Festival of the Yi people the joy of Miao Lusheng festival grand Tibetan Shoton festival of the Hani Zaza suffer Festival postscript
Digest at the start of the New Year Spring Festival every year lunar calendar lunar January words first, is the most important Chinese folk traditional festival holiday -- the spring festival. People worked hard in the past year, like to use a variety of ways to celebrate the work day, so, during the Spring Festival, is also a time when folk activities around the most centralized, lively flourishing. The first lunar January now known as "Spring Festival", and the ancient times this day is called "New Year's day". New year's day word first from southern Liang "music song": "four new new year's day, at present the longevity." Wu Zimu of the Song Dynasty in the "dream Liang Lu" volume one "New Year's day," explains: "lunar January shuori, called the new year's day, to call for new year. One year old festival, this is the first." "Yuan" is the first and began to mean, "Dan" is the meaning of "New Year's day morning," is the year in which the first morning. In 1911, Sun Zhongshan Xin Hai revolution overthrew the last feudal dynasty China history, put in January 1, 1912 as the first year of the Republic of China in January 1st, the original "New Year's Day" was renamed the "spring festival". Later to the eve of the founding of the PRC, decided in the first plenary session of the September 27, 1949 China people's Political Consultative Conference, new China from the date of the establishment of the Chinese calendar, is the world's common Jinian year. Since then, the Gregorian calendar in January 1st called "New Year's Day", the first lunar January officially designated as the "spring festival". Once a year the Spring Festival has a long history, as early as in the Shang Dynasty, every year draws to a close, people have held the activity of sacrificial offering, offering 100 God, offering the ancestors, thank the God to bring the grain harvest to the people, also pray for a good harvest. Ancient books said: "there are ripe for grain." "One" refers to a good harvest. So until now there are "harvest", "year", "year" such words. To the Han Dynasty, have the Spring Festival has become a common social customs. To have the Spring Festival origin, folk legends. The word "years", according to ancient writing, is a pictograph, like a big house lizard, start off and finish, feet stretched in all directions. In a popular legend, "year" is a monster, it works faster than the wind, sound like thunder, see people eating people, see animals injured animals. God to punish "year", locked it into a mountain: it is only allowed to go out once a year. Every twelfth lunar month thirty in the evening, people will hide in the home not to go out, don't sleep all night, ready to fight and "years", because no one knew where "years" what time will come. Have the Spring Festival like as pass, so the "year" is called "the end of the year". One time, "year" came out, just the village a house is a pile of burning bamboo, blown flap chaos ring, "year" I do not know what, hurriedly escape. It turned and saw them on the rope in a red dress, dazzling Confidante color flash "years" could not open eyes. "Years" to get some living creatures into a filling stomach, who knows the candlelight stab it dizzy, scared that it quickly hid in the deep mountains and forests, couldn't come out again. Since then, they have "many weaknesses": ten white red, fear, fear of fire. Therefore, the "year" came out, people put red paper on the door, putBeat gongs and sound drums, firecrackers, in the room the lanterns lit. "Years" were the people away, but have the Spring Festival customs or keep down. Until now, every day is Spring Festival, Lunar New Year's day, people have to meet together with mutual congratulations, "pay New Year's call", according to the ancient saying, is congratulated each other is not "years". It has become an important activity during the spring festival. Since there is no "years" to eat, All is well., why don't you get some good stuff we can eat a meal, to celebrate it? This is called "have the Spring Festival". Later, the first day of lunar January to celebrate the weeding out the beginning of the year, become the "new year". About the origin of the Chinese New Year Festival, there is a beautiful legend. In ancient times, a million years young, smart, hardworking, willing to use their brains. He found the move in the daily life of labor, spring has the rhythm of subsurface drip. Because the seasonal mess, farming are not allowed, affecting production, million years then think through the method of measuring time, drop shadow to the season make sure. In the "old has ended, and before Spring", thousands of years after careful observation, took Cao Li, please the emperor given a section name. The emperor said: "spring is the beginning of the year, is called the Spring Festival!" million years that he pulled out of the grass calendar, is not accurate, and spent many years carefully calculated. The solar calendar and dedicated to the emperor, he is already a wrinkled, old man the grey-haired. The emperor saw this very moved, so the solar calendar named "calendar", for years closed Shouxing sun. Later, people called the Spring Festival "have the Spring Festival", during the Spring Festival, each and every family hung Shouxing map, is to commemorate the high virtue million years. According to China's customs, in a broad sense, the Spring Festival is the twelfth lunar month eighth from Greek Festival or the twelfth lunar month twenty-three people until the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival this time, in the narrow sense refers to the lunar January day that day. During this festival activities of many, many customs and rich colors of the nation. Lunar January day morning, people open the door to meet each other, with joy, first is the younger generation in the home to the elders kowtow kowtow, blessing birthday, then to a neighbor in the worship of the elders. Big people say "go see happiness", "May you be happy and prosperous!", "health and longevity" auspicious words. The Song Dynasty, the ruling class and the scholar officials think they pay New Year's call each other, too time consuming, came up with a way, using a plum paper cut into two inches wide, three inches long card, writing above his name and address. In the lunar January day, friends buy each other, this is the new year card. In the Ming Dynasty, the prevalence of post cards. In the late Qing Dynasty cards with red cardboard production. Until now, have the Spring Festival to relatives and friends to send a beautifully printed greeting cards, write some brief congratulatory words, is also very interesting. The spring festival food is very rich, delicious food, have everything that one expects to find. According to custom, China's north and south of different eating habits. Southerners eating sweets, spring morning, New Year cake, sugar sugar sugar lotus seed soup, meaning "a year of sweet hell"; northerners like to eat dumplings. The Spring Festival this day again the poor people will try various devices to put on new clothes, work outside the people farther to rush home reunion. During the Spring Festival, there are many past taboo folk, such as the first can't sweep the floor, lest the wealth swept out; married daughter not to return home, afraid to eat the poor; not knife cut, if there is a war of words; the table fish is necessary, but just do not eat, a symbol of "May there be surpluses every year"; early on parents toilet paper wipe not sensible child's mouth, if your child say unlucky words don't count; water dumplings dumpling skin is broken, can only say "earned", etc.. Although these clearly with superstition, but reflects the people to pray for the good wishes of the year All is well. P1-4 illustrations
Review of you know how to use Chinese way and Chinese deal? You want to know Chinese important festivals and customs? Since ancient times, China, Chinese dynasties experienced skelter, as well as the national fusion and migration, created a fusion of Chinese civilization. In Chinese, because the region is vast, each nation's natural environment, historical background, economic status, religious beliefs and so different, form the national customs and festivals. Please start from reading this interesting book! You will understand Chinese the essence of traditional culture at the same time, to appreciate the real and vivid, colorful Chinese folk style.
Do you know how to use the Chinese way and Chinese deal? Do you want to know Chinese important festivals and customs? Since the ancient times, China, Chinese dynasties experienced skelter, as well as the national fusion and migration, created a fusion of Chinese civilization. In Chinese, because the region is vast, each nation's natural environment, historical background, economic status, religious beliefs and so different, form the national customs and festivals. Please start from reading this interesting book! You will understand Chinese the essence of traditional culture at the same time, to appreciate the real and vivid, colorful Chinese folk style.
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