Chinese custom map

Date of publication:2008-1   Press: China economy   Author:Liu Guangyu   Pages:283   Words:266000  
Preface

Folk customs, folk custom is, is created in the folk inheritance in folk has the generation phase study inheritance sex like (including thinking and behavior), is created, the majority of working people folk social life and culture, is the foundation of traditional culture and an important part of. Different regions, different nationalities have different customs, different folk customs have different characteristics, such characteristics embodied in the aspects of residents around the holidays, marriage, etiquette, diet, clothing, building folk preferences and taboos, folk customs. So, we this "China custom map" mainly from the "custom", "Festival", "love folk", "etiquette custom", "Customs", "architectural style", "fashion style" and "preferences and Taboos" and so on several aspects to introduce local customs. China's traditional festivals are three major festivals, but the most important: the Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and the mid autumn festival. The festival is the elements of national characteristics, reflecting the unique features of the national material life and all aspects of social life and national culture and rich connotation. Minority and Han mixed also Han feast, but they also have their own festivals, and various forms, content rich folk festival. Marriage is an important part of life, marriage has always been regarded as the "home" in the beginning, marriage. Therefore, the marriage etiquette and custom naturally attracted a lot of attention. Our country is a state of ceremonies, advocating etiquette. Respect for the elderly, is the fine tradition of the Chinese nation; hospitality, etiquette, courtesy, but also the way one gets along with people, customs and habits of various ethnic groups. The diet custom, including home diet custom, festival diet custom, diet custom, diet custom of hospitality. The national diet custom exchanges to promote the development of Chinese food culture. The unique customs of ethnic minorities often because of different regional and national resulted in the differences, thereby forming a rich and colorful, colorful diet custom. Residential building. The building is a kind of culture, representing the realism of a nation, a regional culture, with a strong performance; houses, like the human dress. Clothing, is the product of civilization, and the building is civilized "dress". A civilized nation and society, always put its spirit condenses on it the strongest and most massive Creation -- building. Therefore, residential, is a eternal scenery, worth a visit. Clothing and clothing worn, it is not only the symbol of a nation, has important practical value, aesthetic, and research of national development, the value of the national culture, but also a symbol of the people from economic, cultural development. Every nation has its own unique fashion and related craft and art taste, forming a unique fashion their own blew, constitute a unique, beautiful multicolored "flower gallery". Each area, each nation has its own preferences and taboos, language in action, in real life, everywhere. Taboo called taboo, is due to fear of some mysterious force negative prevention measure. It is forbidden to the same "sacred" or "illegal" things, in order to avoid the penalty, and law and ethics are different, the taboo is established on the basis of common belief, the worship of gods and witchcraft folk belief, to regulate the behavior of their own people of faith. Taboo by demonstration in the folk oral tradition and behavior, taboo things like all kinds of, all sorts of strange things, it Nothing is too strange. It pervades all aspects of production and life of the people. From today's point of view, some taboos are reasonable, some taboo is not reasonable, should be abandoned. The above explanatory text, in each chapter the corresponding part no longer appear, avoid redundancy too. At the same time, because of the limited space, "China custom map" and each part is not exhaustive, but to highlight the characteristics of. The detailed detailed, the slightly slightly, most people know is no longer. Such as Beijing's the Imperial Palace, Hebei Mountain Resort of Chengde "Palace" is not included in the editor view. If you want to understand the fine, please as shown by the "Chinese custom map", to experience the local folk customs personally, must have deeper feelings. Each chapter illustrate the lines of text, unified in the first chapter, in detail, what, if not necessary, no explanation, in order to avoid repetition. There is a need to explain, "56 China's 56 national flower", 55 ethnic minorities in the local native (such as Qinghai, Tu and salar) and living in the local number are introduced, such as Dong, Guizhou, Hunan also has, but living in Guizhou Dong minority population, in the Dong's Folk customs, on the southwest volume. Other similar folk and in this process, I hope not caused by misunderstanding.
Summary

Folk customs, folk custom is, is created in the folk inheritance in folk has the generation phase study inheritance sex like (including thinking and behavior), is the lower working people create janitor bearing civil society cultural life, is the foundation of traditional culture and an important part of. The Chinese nation has become the Chinese nation, is our national traditional culture, folk customs, unique artistic distinction from other people, keep the root of the nation is very important.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter, second chapter of northeast North China folk custom folk customs of the third chapter northwest customs customs fifth chapter fourth chapter East China Central folk customs sixth chapter Southern China folk customs seventh chapter southwest folk customs eighth chapter in Hong Kong and Taiwan folk customs
Chapter excerpt

Beijing today, although the Spring Festival are not as good, but in the customs retained many of the characteristics of the old Beijing. Of course, to say that the spring festival really have taste, or old Beijing customs better. We are here, also introduces how to celebrate the Spring Festival in old Beijing, today's Beijing Spring Festival, lots of things have one nation, even global, taste light, local characteristics and less. The old Beijing from the eve of the Spring Festival begins. The twelfth lunar month of thirty for the new year's Eve, commonly known as the big thirty. The main celebration people basically have focused on this day, therefore, this is the most important, the most exciting day. Morning girls wearing the flower, evening the family meet God, staying-up parents increased longevity, even send gift money. On this day, in order to create a new year with year, "Hannaford Ying Xiang" atmosphere, from the morning, everyone will get slicked up. The women wear a symbol of auspiciousMore flowers, silk flowers, red couplets on the front door, heart, words by households. Some even with red and green "hanging money" (a kind of paper-cut crafts), windows with tracery. Indoor labeled "one new year, Fu in front of us, happiness, peace and blessing spring population". There will be an ancestral hall of the three generation of Mr. Liang Kai, the ancestors have the portrait will be suspended. No ancestral temple and thus have a temporary position, for several a bonus money package. Thirty the evening to the Lunar New Year's day morning, the lower bound to examine the world of good and evil. Therefore, the hospital must set up "the world table", with five for the candle, incense, in order to past the gods in the new year blessing. Evening, day just a black kid from door to door, have send the "gods of wealth" (paper like). Printed above the "Zeng Fu mammon", wearing Shamao printed a median wealth like. Generally as a Geely, with higher than the cost of several times the price into as the God of wealth. The set square table, hanging Red Embroidery Table Wai, put on the censer, Candlestick, plug the red wax. Candlestick below respectively pressed yellow gold, money, thousand chapters, called "worship money". New year's Eve dinner is called "family reunion dinner". Members of the family to Qi, food should be rich, let a person have the feeling that the coming year, happy life. Because this meal is on the new year's first taste of meat, can be together. Enter after midnight, can meet god. The younger generation to the family elders kowtow pay New Year's call staying-up meet God, to pay New Year's call. Last night called "staying-up", cherish time. The young staying-up is advanced in age's parents prolong lifespan. By God, the mushrooms, fungus, yellow, carrots, cabbage, fried goods, chop, mix good vegetarian stuffing in advance, wrapped dumplings. Then God, table for three bowls, each bowl five dumplings. Dumplings Duanshang immediately after, burning incense, declared by God the ceremony began. The ceremony was presided over by the elder god. First check the book good constitution, new year's day, God, God blessing God and Yang, Yin you your gods range, then, Priest Talent officially held high flavor to the courtyard in all directions to turn kowtow, said then please. Libi, incense back to the hall, insert the censer, repeatedly kowtow. The whole family by his rank are three kowtow, standing for ten minutes. Joss sticks to do, so the priest brought the family followed by three kowtow, finish, please vetiver, gods and Huang Qian, ingot, thousand chapter together please, get the courts had prepared the money pot and Matsuki Mie together, sesame straw incineration, at the same time, setting off firecrackers. After the ceremony, the whole family in the incineration site said "Happy New year". Subsequently, the elders sitting in the hall, accept the elder people pay New Year's call, underwent three kowtow ceremony. Libi, as usual by the elders to the younger generation have some "gift money". Pay New Year's call, the whole family together to eat vegetarian stuffing dumplings with God, also make dumplings. Put a small coin dumplings, that eat coins in the new year everything is smooth. So far, the new year's Eve celebration ended.
Editor recommends

"Chinese custom map" mainly from the "custom", "Festival", "love folk", "etiquette custom", "Customs", "architectural style", "fashion style" and "preferences and Taboos" and so on several aspects to introduce local customs. Different regions, different nationalities have different customs, different folk customs have different characteristics, such characteristics embodied in the aspects of residents around the holidays, marriage, etiquette, diet, clothing, building folk preferences and taboos, folk customs.
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