Illustration: Fourth, from the writing and use text view. Writing is generally more casual, font for the grass scribe; more interchangeable characters, variant characters, too many typos. Based on the above discussion, the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature refers to the Eastern Han period reflects the folk the bottom people production, life, customs, religious beliefs and other content of real text data. These materials with simple, popular, not the pursuit of elegant, simple sentences, spoken clearly, close to the spoken language at that time, the true face, with very different literary works, such as the use of classical Chinese history. From textural sense including stone, brick, ceramic, wood, lead coupons. In the process of collecting material, we take the language style as the main criterion, several other as the reference standard, all the popular language, colloquial feature is obvious, not the pursuit of elegant, but also reflects the stone brick of pottery and other physical characters of materials of folk people social life, folk beliefs are within the scope of the book collection. Two, introduction of materials according to the standard, we all looked so far can see the unearthed cultural relics of various aspects of the description of class work, the cultural relics and Archaeology magazine and the Shanghai Museum collection of rubbings and copy, the scope of the investigation involves various real text data of Eastern Han Dynasty unearthed. At present, the collected materials, generally include two categories: one category is the previous archaeological excavations unearthed documents, such as brick, stone, bamboo slips of paper, the total material 95%; one is from the real text data, such as the east part of Chinese characters and the inscription, these materials are generally made of or handed down, use this material to distinguish. Specifically, from the perspective of the content, including Chinese characters, the inscription, Fu Zhuan, constraints, remember, stone coupons to buy confession; from the texture of materials, including bamboo, stone, brick, wood, paper, urn Book coupons and other types of lead. The number of stone, brick, ceramics etc. the most, so the book named "the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature study of vocabulary".
Lv Zhifeng, male, born in 1977, Qingdao Dongshan people. In 2005 graduated from the East China Normal University Department of Chinese, received a doctorate in literature, and teaches today. The main research direction for the text exegesis, history of Chinese language, vocabulary. Published academic papers, project "Shanghai municipal philosophy and social science planning study" in Han Dynasty colloquial words in physical literature.
As an ideographic nature of the Chinese characters, it records the Chinese, maybe never entirely consistent with the spoken. Just as the Swiss linguist Saussure said: "the people of the Chinese ideograms, and the spoken word is the concept of symbols; in their view, language is a second language." The so-called "second language", it is different from the first language (spoken) relative independence. The state not only displays in the pronunciation and grammar, but also reflected in vocabulary. It is hard to distinguish Chinese and spoken written English is from what age began, but from the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other lower real text data, reflect the folk literature of the Chinese state, especially the vocabulary, closer to the folk lower terms, and has the obvious difference with the "Han" as the representative of the contemporary chinese. It is this difference, provides a worthy of development of Laiwu to Chinese history research. Lv Junzhifeng's doctoral thesis "the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature study of vocabulary" is on this piece of Laiwu land, the vocabulary problems to sort out the historical data, not only the material selection and the breakthrough point is groundbreaking, is expected in the history of Chinese vocabulary study has opened up a new garden, and after the Qin and Han Dynasties, and the Wei and Jin Dynasties, created a continuously expanded state, expand the momentum of the garden is more optimistic about the.
In order Chinese Abstract Abstract introduction section "folk" definition and materials, "the folk" two, three, the definition of material use of materials second day Han folk real text data vocabulary the value and significance of the research, the significance of a choice, choose two folk real text meaning, vocabulary three the significance of the study of third day Han folk real text data vocabulary research status, research overview of two words a Han Dynasty, folk real text data on the status of the fourth day Han folk real text data vocabulary research ideas and methods, research ideas, research methods, two three points illustrate the first chapter Han folk real text data words constitute the first section: Discussion of several theory problems, "one word" and "the word" problem of the relationship between the two, words and monosyllabic words, disyllabic and polysyllabic words and the relationship between the three phrase difference second day Han folk real text data words constitute a, by nature, is divided into common words and special words, divided into two according to the syllable, divided into monosyllabic and polysyllabic words, from three angles, divided into nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals, vocabulary, Adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary words, modal words and three day Han folk real text data, lexical features a rich vocabulary two, single three monosyllabic words most senses, polysyllabic words in all the words and large percentage of four, part of speech, word occupy the dominant position, the verb second, adjective less five, word formation hand, combined, is formal to absolute advantage six, the meaning of a word in the Chinese history, has important value in the second chapter the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text data disyllabic words in section a polysyllabic words distribution, distribution, distribution of three two syllable word, structure distribution of second day combined words, semantic aspects of a study two, part of speech of the third section is formal disyllabic words, modification of a morpheme and morpheme meaning relation between center two, part of speech of the fourth day moving object in section fifth section sixth type a subject predicate complement, complement prime said results two, complement prime said trend seventh day additional type of, before two, after the eighth day of the other word building method, overlapping, two words three, comprehensive type ninth section of Eastern Han Dynasty folk real word data Polysyllabic words in Chinese disyllablization status in the course of the third chapter of Han folk real text data word study section 1 general explanations of words in section second, a special word study, deities names two, released three, other third articles in the fourth chapter the Eastern Han Dynasty folk idioms real text data words research and large-scale Chinese dictionaries the first section of second section to add the words from early in the third quarter as fourth supplementary sense fifth section of the fifth chapter supplement folk real text wording Investigation Section 1 "read the word" investigation, the interchangeable words, the ancient and modern words finishing two, see interchangeability phenomenon analysis section second variants of a see, the variant two, see section third variants of typo conclusion references Appendix A: Bibliography appendix two words: word formation condition summary appendix three: appendix four: concordance correlation research results @##@. The Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature, refers to the Eastern Han period reflects the folk the bottom people production, life, customs, religious beliefs and other content of real text data, from the texture of stone, brick, sense including pottery, bamboo, lead coupons. These materials using simple words, popular, not the pursuit of elegant, elegant without language; use less words, simple sentences, close to the spoken language at that time, the true face, and that literary works, such as the use of classical Chinese is different from history books. This book is a comprehensive study of the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery with folk customs physical text words. The book is divided into "Introduction", "Han folk real text data vocabulary", "Han folk real text data research of disyllabic and polysyllabic words", "Han folk real text data explanation of words", "Han folk real text data words research and large-scale language diction books compiled", "Han folk the real text wording investigation", and appendix. The introduction is divided into four parts. The first section, the concept of "folk" is defined from four aspects, and introduces the concrete situation of Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk custom written material; section second, introduces the value and significance of the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature of vocabulary study; section third, introduces the current situation of the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature of vocabulary study; section fourth, introduces the ideas and methods of the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature vocabulary study. The first chapter "the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text data vocabulary". Chapter three. The first section, discusses "the character and word relations", "the relationship between words and monosyllabic words", "the polysyllabic words and phrase difference" three theoretical problem, which is the precondition for the vocabulary study. Section second, describes the overall structure of the stone brick pottery and other folk literature vocabulary. Regardless of repeated, a total of 2168 words. By nature, divided into common words and special words. General 1685 words, special words 483. According to the division of syllables, divided into monosyllabic words and polysyllabic words. 655 monosyllabic words, disyllabic words 1513. From the perspective of the 1332 word, noun verb adjective; 496; 80; numeral quantifier 113; 22; 70 adverbs pronoun conjunction; 26; 17; 5 auxiliary words; 1; auxiliary 6. The third section analyzes the characteristics of Eastern Han Dynasty stone carvings, brick of pottery and other folk literature vocabulary. The second chapter "the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text data research of disyllabic and polysyllabic words". Chapter nine. The first section, from the aspects of syllable, word class, structure, introduces the distribution situation of the polysyllabic words. The second section, the study combined the disyllabic and polysyllabic words from two aspects of meaning and parts of speech. The third section, the modifying disyllabic words from the two aspects of meaning and part of speech morpheme and morpheme modification center. The fourth section, the verb object disyllabic and polysyllabic words. The fifth section, the subject predicate disyllabic and polysyllabic words. In section sixth, the supplementary words. In section seventh, the additional words. The eighth section, the overlapping, simple words and comprehensive type formation. The ninth section, on the basis of a comprehensive study, we from the perspective of Chinese history, traced back to pre Qin, Han, next to Wei JinThe northern and Southern Dynasties, with the different periods of the representative literature of polysyllabic words, word formation, detail, and strive to make clear the status of folk custom physical text data in disyllabic words in Chinese history, in order to study Chinese polysyllabic words process. The third chapter "the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text data explanation of words". Chapter three. The first section, the 8 common words of explanation; section second, on the part of the explanation of words; section third, for some fixed expressions are explained. The fourth chapter "the compilation of folk custom physical literature research and large-scale Chinese Dictionary of words". Chapter five. The first section, mainly introduces the knowledge of new words and meanings of this chapter and writing original intention. The second section to the fifth section from the "documentary," added the "documentary," added in advance "," meaning "of the four aspects supplement" the Han stone brick of pottery and other folk literature words for compilation of dictionaries of great value. In fifth chapter "the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text wording". From "reading for the word", "variant", "typo" three aspects of the Eastern Han Dynasty folk real text wording phenomena were investigated and analyzed, contribute to a more precise analysis of words. The book has the following characteristics: first, new corpus. This book focuses on and collation of data mining, and strive to complete all accord with "folk" the standard real language materials at present can be found in the linguistic features of these materials, close to the spoken language at that time, great research value. Second, study the contents of a more comprehensive. We conducted a comprehensive study of the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature words from the four aspects of word formation, word study, comparative study and large dictionaries and word phenomenon investigation, relatively strong conclusions are given. Third, the research methods are properly. We focus on the method of combination of diachronic and synchronic, which completes the description of working level altogether, and focus on the close historical period of the language materials for the diachronic comparison. Methods focus on the combination of content and form, not only focus on the analysis of word formation, word meaning and importance of. In addition, but also attaches importance to the application of computer corpus and database technology. Because of the time energy and knowledge level is limited, the book still has some shortcomings, which are to be further efforts and improve.
This book is the modifications made in my PhD dissertation foundation, in general, the modification is not much, mainly has following several points: first, formerly known as "the Eastern Han Dynasty stone doctoral dissertation brick and other folk literature study of vocabulary", the "W", according to "Shuo Wen" "tile, earthenwareThe general name "has been burnt, used to refer to such as pottery, but taking into account the" brick ". The method is easy to cause the misunderstanding, so the title as" the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick adjustment of pottery and other folk literature study of vocabulary ", with more accurate. Second, according to experts, the opinions and suggestions for modification. And modify some typos, and added some examples. At the same time, according to the need of the original publication, traditional Chinese paper changed to simplified Chinese characters, but also can not be changed, and some also require special screening, retained the individual characters and variant forms of Chinese characters. Modify the modest, partly because these years work exceptionally heavy, time tight; on the other hand, hope to be able to further expand the scope of corpus dating, are discussed deeply, later revised more comprehensive. Today, the manuscript to be published, in happy time, I couldn't resist the temptation to like the original doctoral dissertation postscript that too much thanks: Thank Shanghai published academic works on the book's aid fund. Thank you for your valuable comments and suggestions of anonymous expert, the, this let me benefit. Thank Chinese Department of East China Normal University Leaders and colleagues, especially Li Academic Salon provides rich free academic atmosphere, your encouragement and understanding so that I can keep enterprising spirit.
"The Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature study of vocabulary" tells the story: the Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk text data using simple words, popular, elegant without language, as the transition period of Chinese history domain saying, great value with other material irreplaceable understanding of written language in the Eastern Han Dynasty and folk oral approach and writing features. "The Eastern Han Dynasty stone brick of pottery and other folk literature research" from the vocabulary words, disyllabic words, explanations of words, and the large Chinese dictionaries and other aspects of the comprehensive study of these materials in the word.
Culture @ 2017