Wang Liesheng, male, was born in 1959 in Anhui, Susong. Doctor of literature, post doctoral Chinese first literature. Researchers China Art Research Institute, the Central Party School professor, supervisor of postgraduate students in literary anthropology, public cultural policy research direction doctoral tutor, social science fund of national philosophy will review experts. His major works include "Literature", "world literature theory under the background of national literature", "road Chinese spiritual home", "well-off society", "China rural China everyday problems", "Marx's literature and art", "contemporary development work on Literary Anthropology"; "China in social science", "literary criticism" and other core journals published academic essays.
The first chapter proposition background in the classical concept of the state, it is the supreme power in the main, is the aggregation of interests, balance of interests, interest allocation within the boundaries of the national overall strength, is as real as imagined community or limit political form community. When Platon vision “ may those who wish to organize a national people, as we have said, must go to a democratic city-state, choose their own like there as a model, to determine the system &rdquo himself, when Mo-tse “ anxiety; in seven patients in the country, no country; to the seven patient, the enemy to country inclination. Seven patients in the country when, there will be several ” the ancient East and West, despite representing different interests of national identity by proposition, its expression is also completely different political aspirations, but common showing infinite worship of the state and the deep psychological state of fear. It is these demands and the consciousness of the ubiquitous and accumulation, so the thing we are from different cultural circumstances have a common national life spiritual prop, that is ancient and present patriotism, it can not only to ancient Rome era &ldquo read from the works of Cicero; when this patriotic with great anger erupted again, Quintus · Maksim also does not reduce its importance, Marcus · Marcellus cannot be crushed; Publius Emilian Noons · they can't be with the city, not be constrained within enemy walls, ” you can read Xunzi. Under the “ the Magi may toward, can person may Xiangguo official, people are willing to take good advantage of Qi GUI, is a world. The house is not, as is the case of secular, female main disorderly house, cheat his rebellion towards the corrupted officials, disorder of the officer, ordinary people are greedy for the customs, if can hold the country almost &Rdquo;. In short, this is a sacred collective experience, the infinite divine collective experience led national noble unconditional and some great body. Month after month and year after year, countries are lofty interpretation for the excitement and agitation of the national myth, in those ancient narrative in this myth has even been mysterious, demonized, terrorism, which makes all the dependent is brave enough to make even the most primitive of questioning, but follow the grey-haired Platon a to chase a myth in “ in &rdquo, chasing the ideal; “ within the country, it is between different classes of ‘ &rsquo, according to the geometrical symmetry; symmetry, each part of the social entity has received its due rights and interests, and to assist in the maintenance of order ”. This gave the so-called Oriental form of “ de big ” or the western form of “ the ” a power of myth of social opportunities, they get myth spokesman status also has received the national sovereignty, the court, the court of emperor, all right, they are not they using the product of national mythology, although different forms, but there is a common nature, that is in the national myth aureola without any proof of legitimacy makes the state structure of two yuan as the slave structure, and then presented with infinite ruler benefits oriented rhetoric on this basis, namely all kinds of propositions the approval or consciousness, value, orientation, finally has become very mature and systematic state ideology and the basic social ideology, the interpretation of the turning secret, Marx, Engels puncture a fallacy with one remark is “ the ruling class ideology are the dominant ideology in every era. That is to say, a class is the dominant social material strength, but also the dominant social spiritual strength ”. In fact, the national myth is from the enlightenment. Vico think outside of God's rationality is the reason of state, which means that he started from the analysis point of view questioned divine presence or mythic aura, but from his approval of Ulbin “ not all people are naturally understand, only the government can discern what to save human survival for those few experts can the necessary know ” point of view, the rationality and the question itself is obviously still in an embryonic state. Later Rousseau was standing position to interpret history fundamental turning point, national idea where he was asked to initially agreed with “ the majority voting rule, which in itself is a certain established, and assume that at least once a unanimous consent & rdquo;, and then from the social contract point of view, from the origin of human inequality to interpret existing facts of state and government, finally has been ignored and not a form of government and is suitable for all the countries, in short, this means the beginning state interpretation of a real sense of modern. From the beginning of this interpretation process, the reason of state replacement on the myth of state are obtained simply turning theory of meaning, which extend out a political analysis, economic analysis, the interests of the class analysis, legal analysis, historical change analysis or anthropological analysis theory to different countries, countries and by interpretation of full and there is value in these different dimensions of the national theory of knowledge. For example, Yoram · Barzel's definition of “ the state consists of the following two parts: (1) a group of individuals, these individuals surrender of execution of the contract to a violent single ultimate third party; (2) a territory, it is the individual's place of residence, range of &rdquo is also implemented their authority and the;, be mainly from the economic rights and legal rights to gauge the significance of the existence range of countries, and this and cultural anthropologist at “ national ” such as &ldquo under the principle of agricultural country; ” or “ &rdquo industrialized nations; like name, or in that definition mode the so-called “ state concept is often used to describe the anthropologist source formed in the community, ethnic or tribal structure difference of broad social boundary ”, almost is have no relevance to the significance to establish the direction of. It is the modern interpretation of these countries in different dimensions, the metaphysical state theory knowledge, make people even in the context of globalization also still believe that the “ according to the metaphysical point of view, the sovereignty is the highest achievement of human tissue, ” and at the same time this conviction of staying sober attitude of rational analysis and reality treat for the country, rather than the myth of nation state of consciousness. Marx's state theory to pose knowledge integrated in nineteenth Century appearances, represents the scientific reason of state and national Shi Yi during that era's pioneer status. Engels in the "family, private ownership and state of origin" of “ how countries in part by rebuilding the national system of organs, in part by setting new organs to supplant them, and finally all the organs of state power of true and developed by these organs of state power control;, and thus can be used against the people, armed ‘ public power ’ … … ” in a unique historical materialism sharp, on the basis of anthropological knowledge, the origin of the state the truth expressed as clearly and most incisive. Marx (in "critique of Political Economics) stated in the" “ the concept of national wealth, it seems in seventeenth Century the economist, is the creation of wealth in just to state, and the national strength is proportional with the wealth, — — this concept in eighteenth Century economists also part to retain. This is a form of unconscious hypocrisy, in this form of wealth and wealth production was announced as the purpose of modern country, and the modern state is regarded as &rdquo means just the production of wealth;, is from the dimension of knowledge economics, theory of the concept of the modern state and the concealment of substantial transformation context. As for Engels in the "socialist" jurists discussed in to the “ each is the struggle of the class must be in the program requires legal form to express their requirements. But each class requires changes in the process of transformation of social and political, in each country, due to their respective characteristics and social development level, these requirements are different, ” is also from the right approach to the diversity of national form of form of thinking. In short, Marx's state theory not only relates to the origin, essence and the future direction of development of countries, but also for national existence of combing rationality, make its unconditional worship of national mythology reveal the mysterious veil, showing a variety of, reflect the various interests appeal, holding of political, economic, legal relationship and culture, both to maintain equality and emphasize the unequal human organization or the highest organization. When the truth is multidimensional knowledge analysis unveiled in Marx's state theory, the myth of nation completely by reason of state subversion and replacement. After the subversion and replacement, the national government theory was replaced with topic, problem is converted into: national authorization or national appearance form of government should play its function in the form of governance in which exist in national life. But in the traditional context, the concept of the state sovereignty has more foreign relations, and the government has more on the concept of the right to rule, so Marx said “ armed public power ” in a certain extent, both internal and external did not agree with the semantic focus. Although the western capitalist countries since Renaissance is the optimal universal human such as “ &rdquo, “ freedom; equality and fraternity ” “ ”, meaning the highest value goal announced the government governance in. But the reality is not so, Hayek even think “ the French revolution never touched from first to last only one thing, that is the administrative authority. As Tocqueville pierce to the heart of the matter that, through the later decades amidst the winds of change and wholly intact. In fact, in France for the decentralization principle, accepted, due to go to extremes to explain, but to strengthen the power of the administrative system plays an important role. It is widely used to protect the administrative authorities against any interference court, which played a role of &rdquo strengthened rather than to restrict the state power, but the actual fate; the democratic value basically in parallel line position, that is to say, the western developed country government in the governance process also often will appear with great self value goal salvo draw further apart, such as · Mastellone thought that control of liberal democracy in the twenty years after the government not only effective construction of liberal democratic values, but the governance of the government in the free democratic system pushed the extremism value represents the fascist forces grew, eventually will lead to “ Mussolini to the ruling party leader in parliament over ”. This from a point of view that, at least until World War II “ ” previously, under the frame of constitutionalism mode of government in essence is still “ armed public power, government or ” a ruling power as the main role of official, it actually still in varying degrees to follow the king of “ power is twofold: ordinary and absolute. They have multiple rules and the target … … ordinary power is for individual subjects of interest to … … the king's absolute power of … … its proper name should be ‘ &rdquo platform and management; a. In fact, the actual situation of twentieth Century western ideological background, continue to have a strong character and influence of proposition, take to the government and authoritative support theoretical knowledge, in addition to the global in scope, seriously affecting human public life process, from time to time be “ the new interventionism ” even the “ rule on ” or “ authoritative ” he's roughly from domestic moved to have good prospects of gain, thus deepening in dire misery at the same time, also make the process of globalization of human society at the same time advancing into a pile of mess management is not clear, the is the new world order designers have unintended consequences. … …
The first chapter proposition background chapter second basic framework of chapter third basic principles of the fourth chapter fifth chapter ideology system obstacle front sixth chapters the citizens' basic cultural rights chapter seventh interest allocation scheme in Chapter eighth project goals and the function measurement methods. The ninth chapter human resource mobilization security system the tenth chapter of the cultural industry support for the system of the eleventh chapter fiscal investment mechanism and mode, improve public cultural service input is constructed Chinese socialism culture two, the objective requirements of public cultural service system into the current situation and problems of the three, the system of public cultural services investment should adhere to the principle of cultural investment accounted for four, the proportion of the state financial expenditure decision five, different regions of the culture input to determine the proportion of the six cultural input, transfer payment to determine the proportion of the other seven, further improve the cultural financial input mechanism the twelfth chapter investment management, the system of public cultural services into two principles of management, public cultural service system into the content management three, the system of public cultural services input mode four, the system of public cultural services investment proportion five, further improve the fiscal and taxation policy letter of credit, Means, and gradually establish a multi-channel investment mechanism, social six internal management mechanism perfection of public cultural institutions seven, actively introduce the non profit organization, strengthen management, give full play to the role of nonprofit organization in Chapter thirteenth, a comparative study of Chinese and Western analytical framework and theoretical basis, the two boundary and scale, the establishment of three public finance mode four, assure the efficiency and fairness tradeoff between design five, about the performance evaluation and incentive mechanism design six, conclusion and enlightenment. A American public cultural policy research background, system two, a USA governments provide public cultural service authorization, financing and supervision system three, art foundation and local governments to provide public cultural service mode four, public cultural service financing, supervision and evaluation of five, to promote citizen participation in cultural activities of the incentive mechanism of two the British public cultural policy research background, system two, the British government to provide public cultural service authorization, financing and evaluation system three, Arts Council and local governments to provide public cultural service mode four, public cultural service institutions, financing and accountability system (in the British Museum as an example) five, the incentive mechanism public participation in cultural activities of three French public cultural policy research background, system two, the French government to provide public cultural service organization framework, authorization and funding model three, the French government for public cultural service funding models four, public cultural service institutions, financing and accountability (by the Ministry of culture and communication directly under the for example) five art troupes, for public reference Incentive mechanism and cultural activities @##@ publishing. Public services should include “ three public, a public &rdquo, namely: the scope of public products; and the content is the provision of public facilities, the development of public utilities, public information; the purpose and direction of public services, for social participation in public life and social economic, political, and cultural conditions. Public cultural service system is part of the government public service system, to provide public cultural products and service to the public, including the construction of public cultural facilities, the development of cultural productivity, public cultural information; to provide security, as a social and cultural life and cultural activities to create conditions; to provide a solid foundation for the culture of a society, the development of national culture and progress.
Culture @ 2017