Intercultural communication and Cultural Studies

Date of publication:2004-5   Press: Beijing Broadcasting Institute press   Author:Guo Zhenzhi   Pages´╝Ü346  

Another major event in twentieth Century 60 South Korean diplomatic history, is 1965 ~ 1970 years South Korea should American government's request, sent 50000 troops to the war in vietnam. In 1965 May, American President Johnson sent his presidential plane, "Air Force One" to fly to Seoul, then Pu Zhengxi went to Washington to talk. South Korea agreed to send 50000 troops to the war in vietnam. As compensation, the South Korean won $1500000000 economic subsidies and $about 3000000000 in military aid from the America aspects. Not only that, along with the South Korean army to go to Vietnam, the South Korea US relations have undergone major changes in the traditional. South Korea has a very important bargaining chip in dealing with America, improve its relations with the United States on the right to speak is intangible, America will have lost the privilege of Korea, such as the consular jurisdiction. In addition, because of the Vietnam War and the surge of military orders and export of labor services, provides a rare opportunity for the development of the Korean economy, the Korean enterprises also took the opportunity to go on the international stage. Active foreign policy Pu Zhengxi practiced in the 60's for the development of South Korea to considerable resources for the. From Japan and American various funds and technology to start the play a decisive role elements of modernization of the Republic of korea. South Korea's economic and social development in this period has also been a great success. 1962 ~ 1971 years, South Korea's average annual economic growth rate reached 8.7%, GDP grew from $2320000000 in 1962 to $9460000000 in 1971, the per capita GDP has increased from $87 in 1962 to $288 in 1971, the unemployment rate has fallen from 23.7% in 1960 to 4.5% in 1972. The South Korea national strength has greatly increased. At the same time, laid the foundation of this period for the success of the South Korean economy next ten years high speed development. Three, the diplomatic breakthrough in twentieth Century 70 - 80 years is the rapid development of the Korean economy period, South Korea is also gradually get rid of the attachment, great strides towards the international society. 70 years ago, South Korea basically pursues is the self limiting foreign policy, it is not only a hostile attitude to the socialist countries, but also with those who do not want to establish diplomatic relations with the Democratic People's Republic of China's national development. Enter 70 age, the Nixon doctrine came out, the relaxation of Sino US relations, US troops from Vietnam and a series of incidents that the development trend of multi polarization of the world increasingly. The bipolar pattern to evolve to the multipolar requires governments to make corresponding adjustments to their own foreign policy. It is in this context, President Pu Zhengxi published in June 23, 1973 seven peaceful foreign policy, namely "six two three" of the declaration, its core content is: as long as you don't hate Korea, even though the state ideology and social system is different, South Korea is willing to improve the relations with. Before this, Korea government adopted a series of positive measures, develop relations with the socialist countries, such as the revision of relevant laws, so that the communication of legality and the socialist countries, allowing for business activities with the socialist countries, allowing the socialist countries merchant enter the South Korean port, to allow the relevant departments in socialist countries to establish business institutions themselves in South Korea and so on. In addition, South Korea and other countries in the world contact also shows the rising trend. In 1981 July, President Quan Douhuan visited the 5 ASEAN nations, in August the following year, visited Kenya Africa Shikoku, then visited Burma, India and Sri Lanka, 1986 April visit to Britain, Germany and Belgium, method. Diversification of South Korean diplomacy and "internationalization" trend emerged. In 1988 February, Lu Taiyu became the thirteenth president of the Republic of korea. Pu Zhengxi "six two three" Declaration created diplomatic route to gain the breakthrough in Lu Taiyu's "North diplomacy". The so-called "North diplomacy", also known as the "North Policy", refers to the socialist countries of South Korea the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and its neighbors, the former Soviet Union and ChineseForeign policy, is South Korea to seek a permanent peace and unification of the Korean Peninsula to create conditions while making diplomatic efforts. The Roh Tae woo thinks, Korea should get rid of the passive diplomacy by superpower diversionary, combined with nationalism and internationalism, actively participate in the international community, promote with their own strength and international status of diplomacy. In order to achieve peaceful coexistence and unity of the peninsula, South Korea to actively to the socialist countries, and vigorously promote the "North diplomacy". In July 7, 1988, President Lu Taiyu issued a "self-esteem, unity and prosperity" for national special declaration, namely "seven seven" declaration, that "in today's world, is beyond the ideology and system, time on reconciliation and cooperation, even if the culture and history of different ethnic groups, are also set off a new wave of" open and bold exchange. The declaration expressed support for Japan, AIA improvement and north that socialist countries relations efforts. Calls upon the international community to support the peninsula to improve relations, and that South Korea will try to improve and Northern allies such as the former Soviet Union, the relationship between Chinese etc.. "Seven seven" the declaration provides the basis and principles for South Korea to promote the northern policy, marking the Korean northern policy has entered a new stage of implementation and implementation. Roh Tae woo 's government in efforts to win the positive response, then held in September Seoul Olympic Games, the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, Chinese sent a large delegation. The successful hosting of the Seoul Olympic Games, set up the good image of Korea in the world for South Korea to the world, and provides an opportunity to. In 1989 February, Hungary in Eastern European countries first established formal diplomatic relations with the Republic of korea. The first breakthrough diplomacy. In November, Lu Taiyu visited hungary. This is the South Korean head of state on his first official visit to a socialist country. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Korea and Hungary trigger a Domino effect of Korean diplomatic history. Then, South Korea has with Poland (1989 November), Yugoslavia (1989 December), Bulgaria (1990 March), Czechoslovakia (1990 March) and Romania (1990 March), the former Soviet Union (1990 September), Albania (1991 August) and Asia (1990 March) in Mongolia since the establishment of diplomatic relations. The establishment of national and ideology and social system is different so many I division in diplomatic relations in such a short time, which is extremely rare in the history of South Korea. In these countries, the national strength is the strongest, the South Korean national interest impact is the biggest is the former Soviet union. This is not only because of the former Soviet Union has been the strongest supporters of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the largest supplier of weapons, Han Su relations will have a decisive influence on the Korean Peninsula around the international pattern, but also because of the former Soviet Union is a pending development of the huge market potential. Han Su since the establishment of diplomatic ties will bring immeasurable business opportunities and tangible economic benefits. In 1990 December, President Lu Taiyu, on an official visit to the former Soviet union. Moscow State University in his speech made it clear that: Han Su the two countries should be "towards a more peaceful and prosperous world and everyone can live a happy life and bright twenty-first Century march forward hand in hand partner". During the visit, the two heads of state signed for future development framework of Han Soviet relations "Moscow declaration". In the countries of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union after the normalization of relations, a major problem facing the South Korean President Roh Tae Woo is how to open the door of Beijing. China and South Korea is a friendly neighbor of China and Korea water together, two people with more than two thousand years of history. After the people's Republic of China, is directly influenced by the cold climate, and the interaction has been closed the door. The outbreak of the Korean War and forced into Chinese, more make the China ROK relations one disaster after another, not only the official contacts between the abolition of all, even if the personnel exchanges and communication between folk are almost entirely suspended. In twentieth Century 70 at the end of the 1960s, China ROK relations began to appear obvious signs of loosening. In 1983 May, Chinese a civilian airliner was hijacked to South korea. The ROK allows, China send a special working group to deal with the accident. The governments of the two countries started the first official contact since 1949. Since then, both sides of the official contact increasing. Held in Seoul in 1988 twenty-fourth session of Olympic Games, held in Beijing in 1990 eleventh session of Asian Games, provides a rare opportunity for timely and direct contact between people. Both parties to the other countries have sent a large delegation. From the late 80's, China and the ROK government have begun to consider further diplomatic contact. In 1990 October, the International Chamber of Commerce and Chinese KOTRA in Beijing mutual set representative work should reach an agreement, the two trade representative office is in fact quasi consular agencies in other countries to each other. In August 24, 1992, the two sides formally signed a communiqu. At this point. Relations between China and the ROK has finally realized the normalization. On the same day, South Korean President Roh Tae woo published special talk. The diplomatic relations between the two countries gave high evaluation. The "people's Daily" China in second days special released "Congratulations" China established diplomatic relations with South Korea's editorial, spoke highly of the significance of the establishment of diplomatic relations. And prospects of China and South Korea established diplomatic relations in the development of friendly cooperation in various fields. China and South Korea established diplomatic ties is an important event in the history of the relationship between China and Korea, it declared the bilateral relations into a new stage. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea also laid a solid foundation for the further development of bilateral relations, and has had a positive impact on the peace and development of the two countries and in Northeast asia. China and South Korea established diplomatic relations only a month, Roh Tae woo the president to visit china. In the successful after the end visit conversation, President Lu Taiyu said clearly, his successful visit to help to eliminate the isolated state for nearly half a century, it marks the two countries had become "building peace partner in twenty-first Century".......
Catalogue of books

Editor's preface 1. South Korea's social and cultural research, South Korea: South Korea model by backward countries the prosperous and powerful policy 1 Confucian culture to unite the people and human...... Education, education for the country...... Government guided market economy...... The establishment of independent and export-oriented economy...... Development of small-scale peasant mode of production and management...... To realize the high speed and span development view of Zheng Baoyin -- the Confucian culture and Asian Development of 30 new upsurge and the old...... The two extreme views on the Confucian culture...... The Confucian doctrine of complex and simple anti Confucian movement...... The modern world system and Asian anti Confucian movement...... Anti Confucian movement teaches us the basic development -- Jia Baohua South Korean foreign 45 South Korean foreign radical axis for 50 years...... The normalization of relations between Korea and japan...... The diplomatic breakthrough...... Diversified global diplomacy and Prospect of China South Korea Relations -- Pu Guoliang 58 China South Korea Relations Review normalization...... The development of bilateral ties since the establishment of diplomatic ties ten years...... To actively respond to challenges, to further promote the healthy and steady development of China ROK relations -- Research on anti-corruption of Yang Chunfu in the modernization of Korea 73 modernization and corruption...... Characteristics of Korean modernization pattern and corruption...... The Korean modernization history of anti-corruption history -- for stable Korean Educational Development 92 pre modern Korean education...... The Japanese colonial education...... The development of the Korean Education after the liberation...... Education is facing challenges -- twenty-first Century Yuan Bentao South Korean culture 107 clothing culture...... The diet culture...... Change of residential culture -- the process of modernization in the Wang Shaofeng family pension system 126 for the elderly support in economic...... Life of the elderly care...... The elderly spiritual comfort...... Conclusion and Prospect: history of family pension -- Mu Guangzong Korea design education civilized period 155 modern Korean (18951910) @##@ in art education "Intercultural Communication and cultural studies: culture and communication" South Korea's attempt to understand the culture and communication of international relations and South Korea from the perspective of intercultural communication. Contents include: South Korea's social and cultural studies, the South Korean news and dissemination of research perspective, South Korea broadcasting reality and facing the issue.
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