Study on Guangdong ethnic and regional culture

Date of publication:1999年6月   Press: Guangdong Higher Education Press   Author:Huang Shuping   Pages:631   Words:500000  
Preface

China, a nation composed of 56 Chinese people thriving here. Different national major cultural differences between the characteristics of. Some people also contains a number of a certain characteristics of local populations, the formation of regional culture. Ancient Chinese historical records of the profound impact of different natural environment for the survival of human populations and culture. The cultural anthropology of culture is the ecological environment of the adaptation theory. The Guangdong in south of the Five Ridges area in the center of the screen, such as peaks, find out the hard way, known as Ling, Ling, until the Tang Dynasty is considered to be. Its ecological environment (including natural environment and the humanities environment unique). The territory since the Paleolithic stone is south of the characteristics, features the main stone Neolithic to shoulders or segment of the axe, adze. When the economy can be divided into two types of economic and the fishing to farming, the tools of production, living heritage, living appliances are different, but have a common characteristic, namely the use of pottery, and not see Tao ge.
Summary

This topic research Guangdong Han people and groups of culture and minority culture, and focus on the former. Through these studies, see clearly between the different national Guangdong and the different culture, between different local groups or the same nationality as well as the different culture, interaction and integration generated, constitute an important feature of ethnic and regional culture of Guangdong people since ancient times. The book of Guangdong language, different confined to discussion of pure linguistics, and focus on the cultural anthropology from the standpoint of the characteristics of Guangdong language. Language is a social; language is an important cultural characteristics of ethnic groups, pay more attention to human factors that anthropology language role. Before the Han immigrants to North Guangdong, now the earliest residents access Baiyue language, the language is never known, but it is now the Kam Tai language of the ancient form, must have certain similarities with the Kam Tai languages. In different periods since the north south migration, a total of different sources, different distribution determines the Guangdong language pattern.
Catalogue of books

The first chapter of Guangdong natural landscape and humanistic environment first natural appearance second day human geography and environmental history and administrative division third section fourth population, population distribution in chapter second, the pre Qin period modern Guangdong ancient South Vietnamese culture first Paleolithic Neolithic Age second day third Festival unique bronze culture and undeveloped iron use fourth section of ancient South Guangdong People's cultural characteristics and its relations with neighboring cultures third chapter Qin after the reunification of South of the Five Ridges in Guangdong's ethnic culture section during the Qin and Han Dynasties second section of southern and Northern Dynasties Sui Tang and Five Dynasties period of the third day fourth festival in song and Yuan Dynasties of Ming and Qing Dynasties of Han Department of Guangdong fourth chapter three physical features of research object and the first festival methods second Min Department of physical characteristics and comparative analysis of the fifth chapter Guangdong language anthropology research section Guangdong language as a cultural landscape second immigrants and Guangdong language third language contact and Guangdong language of fourth section of society the cultural ecology of Guangdong language fifth festival culture exchange -- foreign words sixth multicultural background the sixth chapter of Hongkong's Department of Guangdong Han language cultural features (on) Cultural characteristics of ethnic identity and cultural characteristics of the first section of third section of Han Chinese ethnic group marked the second day and fourth day sub culture of Guangdong Han Guangfu clan and Cantonese culture, the seventh chapter Guangdong Han min (down) the first section Department of Guangdong Han people and Chaoshan Chaoshan Culture Festival Second Guangdong Han of the Hakka people the third section of the Hongkong culture and Hakka culture fourth section of the Macao ethnic groups and cultures of fifth water-saving residents (Dan) retain fourth day Guangdong Han's department in Guangdong Han Min Department of culture in the patriarchal clan system in the eighth chapter, the residual Guangdong section of western scholars on second pairs of Guangdong family festival Chinese family of origin and rising third day of clan and family system family case with fifth residual Festival Guangdong clan system and Jiangxi, Fujian and other provinces of the historical role of patriarchal clan system between the sixth day and the ninth chapter of the ills of Guangdong "careful" (Shi Pu) for the tenth chapter eleventh Guangdong Han ethnic psychological research chapter cultural characteristics of modern Guangdong minority and cultural blending between different ethnic groups twelfth chapter of contemporary Guangdong Economic and cultural references afterword
Chapter excerpt

Qin and Han Dynasties, the Han culture of successor Guangdong, South more Wang Zhao Tuo, he is Chinese, carrying Chinese culture into Guangdong, Guangdong and indigenous along, in order to rule the local indigenous people, their "change to obey the custom", in his ruling south land, Vietnamese culture blend, the results improved productivity, production has made significant development, society also gradually progress. Emperor Han Wu after Qin Dynasty, the two sign of South Vietnam, divided south of the Five Ridges into nine county, Guangdong further influenced by Han culture, Chinese and Vietnamese blend deepen. Other immigrants from central China later moved, mainly to keep characteristics of Han nationality, but in order to adapt Guangdong natural, cultural environment is constantly create new culture. Since the song yuan, compared to the south Guangdong Han and Qin and Han Dynasties of Han Chinese, has several times growth. In order to solve the food problem of population, immigrants in the Pearl River delta plain and open up around the field, Sha Tin, Dong Tian and created a pond farming. Immigrants bring more advanced mode of production, development and utilization of Guangdong land is very favorable. The so-called Wai Tian, namely to reclaim land from the sea, with large stone masonry dam, prevent seawater intrusion, reclamation, soil dam in river water for irrigation, irrigation, use to halogen, land into paddy fields. The Sha Tin, namely in the Jianghai coast or in rivers and lakes, the sediment deposition and the new rising beach, reclaimed and farmland, and water conservancy facilities can harvest. Dong Tian is a plateau or basin, alluvial, surface wide, soil deep, fertile. As for pond breeding is the use of a large number of low-lying seeper, digging into fish ponds, will be out of the mud covered in Tang foundation, so, the pond is more deep, Tang Ji is wide, Tang Ji planting mulberry, sugar cane, fruit and other crops, pond fish, shrimp, crab, and Zhi Ling, lotus root Tang mud fertilizer, mulberry, sugar cane, fruit. Silkworm excrement and cane, fruitYe Hezha fish, cycle complementary ecological chain, is excellent. Pond breeding in addition to meet the need to improve the lives of local people, the product also can be put into market exchange and export, the development of commodity economy, reap greater profits. In twentieth Century 30, Guangdong silk was popular in Europe and America market. The Pearl River Delta, mainly inhabited by now known as the Cantonese people group.
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