Ancient coins China, there are a variety of shapes, with scalloped, a shovel, knife shaped, but pass the longest, the most popular is the round shaped coins. Seashells as exchange goods using money, from ancient tombs and ruins of the Shang Dynasty, unearthed from time to time. The ancient text of the "goods" word from the shell, not only refers to goods, also refers to the can trade items instead of the media, is a reflection of the value of the goods currency. In the spring and Autumn period, coins began widespread use, the Central Plains Shanxi area mainly shovel shaped cloth money. Source of shovel shaped cloth money, is shoveling farm tool for "casting", "cloth" the word is "homophonic cast" word phonetic loan characters. "Ci Hai" explained Bu currency development, be concise and to the point: "early but still technetium shape: the first empty can, handle, the shovel shape now, so it is also called 'shovel' currency 'or' empty first cloth." In the state of Qi and Yan area, popular is the currency, apparently by a practical tool to exchange currency. As for the round shaped coins, some scholars (such as Qian Jiaju) points out, is evolved from the spinning wheel and the round hole, therefore, is the first round, then into the square hole, perhaps with the Warring States period gradually popular "nature round place" concept.
"China money and spend the traditional culture" is a collection of the author in the last century ninety's in London has collected, usually buy by Britain, France, Singapore's money or auction house, also in Beijing, Shanghai Chinese, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Hongkong, Macao and other places to buy some, and part of the gifts for family and friends. However, most of the collections from the side of the Atlantic American. So, "Chinese spending and traditional culture" collection of money, mostly China stranded in foreign money, mostly from the masters, can be said to be the best Chinese overseas private money. Chinese money or exorcism numismatics, rich in shape, but not legally circulation value. Or they have auspicious, auspicious decoration or has, or has the legendary fairy characters. A common goal which is to tend Ji to ward off evil spirits. Historically, the Han Dynasty have to spend money, even in the early Qing Dynasty has been casting to. From the subject, they and China bronze mirror, can be subdivided into several categories of fairy tales, auspicious and auspicious decoration, auspicious flowers, etc.. Chinese expensive traditional culture has rich connotation, relates to religions (Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism), art (calligraphy, painting, sculpture) and folk (such as Qiqiao worship) and field. From a certain point of view, the prevalence of them and of European religious coins and medals have different approaches but equally satisfactory results means. Perhaps it is because of this reason, in eighteen and nineteenth Century in China activities of foreign missionaries, diplomats and officials have a lot of love and of the coin shaped objects. The main museum in London, France, Norway, America, Russia and other countries are in possession of China money, even the Vatican also collected a lot of. In the past two hundred years, they have studied extensively and deeply.
Fang said Yu, PhD, in ten years and coached the University College London, served as deputy director of survey of English usage center, currently at the City University Hong Kong. He is a former British member Oriental Numismatic Society, was invited to many times in the British Museum and the British Royal Numismatic Society on China coins and money talks. He is one of the main founders of Chinese folk numismatic society.
Order (Zheng Peikai) (Jo Cribbs) in order Chinese money overview auspicious Qian Helu with spring money money money worship and their immortal auspicious sign exorcism numismatics Zodiac money Zhang Tianshi big money on listing and special-shaped hollow money money reference index Chinese historical profile
Illustration: China outlines the basic elements and the meaning of money, spending money is also called an exorcism numismatics (or writing the lucky money), Fu money and lucky money, also known as the play money or miscellaneous money, called academic folk money. Traditionally, it is a branch of numismatics, has a close connection with the line. At least in the Song Dynasty, ancient coins spectrum began to include money, but until now, what is the money is often controversial. I think, the basic elements of money, must be from the three aspects of structure, material and function to consider.
"Chinese spending and traditional culture" to the reader to show that the witness of history. Money, author Fang Chengyu in this volume recorded magnificent; ornate; fascinating, great taste, reflecting the concentration of several major categories of money. He shows the money vocabulary, ornamentation and traditional art, and reveals their expression of fortune and avoids evil rich connotation. These money to good use Chinese traditional way of artistic expression, such as bats, deer homophonic blessing that Paul Yu Changshou, crane, sword to drive etc.. The book through the use of images, not only fully demonstrate the beautiful patterns to design, also shows wonderful patina arising from long years of money on.
Culture @ 2017