The internal clash of civilization and the world order

Date of publication:2004-1   Press: Xinhua press   Author:Senger Haas   Pages´╝Ü205  

American scholar Henanton to the Western civilization as the centre point discusses Conflict Chinese Confucian civilization, Hindu civilization, Islamic civilization and western. "The internal clash of civilization and the world order" the author not to Western civilization as the core of the internal mechanism, but from the great civilizations outside the Western civilization will explain their civilization conflict. The author thinks that great civilizations in the event of a conflict between the internal fission is greater than the external conflict. Different civilizations through the "collective learning" to "peaceful coexistence", "cross cultural dialogue" is the world theme.
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If the translator first part of diversified and Politics -- on the cultural challenge of the first chapter of the world cultural philosophy, changes in the world and to bring the spirit of practical consequences, and two non intention three civilized, cultural essence theory: a worldwide for its more basic academic tendency, four the second chapter reviews the useful summary? Significance Chinese classical philosophy to the modern one, Chinese problem two, associated with the contemporary reality associated convergence point three, four classical paradigm, contradiction and complementarity of the five, a philosophical discussion imprisoned six, from chapter third of reform and innovation is the opportunity? The Islamic challenge culture and diversified several points, the actual development situation of two, three basic problems, about the construction of the diversified into four, due to resist Western leads to self closed chapter fourth monks opposed to safeguard social system? In Buddhism, a question of the ideal two, society and the world belongs to the residual category? Three, how will the spirit of Buddhism and the modern suit? Four, summary fifth chapter from the pluralistic beliefs to modern plural? At the crossroads of the Hindu, pluralistic beliefs two, modern diversity? Three, challenge four, "no caste Hindu" sixth chapter second part of cultural collision? The seventh chapter paranoid cultural struggle idea, the macro level several problematic assumption two, the micro level several wrong views, Shang Ke accepted three suggestions to the eighth chapter of cultural struggle situation, review two, three, to explore the western and cultural struggle four, summary of ninth chapters about Asian values and other values, "Asian values" two, the development process of the collective value of three, (including the modernization of political modernization) success conditions four, actual situation of tenth chapter third part of cultural exchange on the eleventh chapter to determine the cross cultural dialogue, seek truth from facts to reproduce a unique development road two, west of Islam the internal situation according to the actual picture three, beyond the western and Muslim dialogue look outside four, Modern Enlightenment -- a proposal five, looking @##@ references A few years ago, America scholar Samuel Huntington put forward caused widespread concern of "clash of civilization". Put forward in his system on this argument "the clash of civilizations and the Remaking of world order" in one book, the post Cold War world politics will be along the boundaries of civilization restructure, the analysis of the clash of civilization of this new paradigm of observation has introduced international politics. The German scholar Dieter Segyhaz thinks this is a challenging proposition, it seemed to have strong influence and some convincing, but further investigate carefully, it also makes a further consideration and criticism. Professor Senger Haas in the "internal clash of civilization and the world order" in one book, to Huntington's "clash of Civilizations" theory is a critical discourse, and through the culture (Civilization) attributes, culture conflicts, the modernization and diversification of culture and the evolution of "intercultural philosophy" and "Intercultural Dialogue" such problems, puts forward another alternative ideas, its development and conflict of civilization are enlightening, it also helps to go up from the development of human civilization level understanding of the contemporary world politics. The author points out, a wrong ideas in the "clash of Civilizations" and the relevant discussion is: the culture or cultural areas (i.e., "civilization") as the inner structure of a fixing things, that the characteristics of each culture is the essence of invariant cultures, innate, and then their opposition. Because of this, people generally put "Confucianism", "Buddhism", "Hindu" and "Islam", and "western culture" as a can be defined and easy to confirm the things to be discussed, and even take it as the main behavior in international politics, and predicted that the conflict between them will is a decisive factor in the twenty-first Century political reconstruction of the world. Professor Senger Haas thinks, this is a kind of cultural essence, namely with essence precedes idealism theory to explain the phenomenon of culture. Professor Senger Haas pointed out, all kinds of traditional culture are actually within the bifurcation (or opposite) as the symbol, and in their respective historical conditions of continuous development and evolution. The basic characteristics and the value of each cultural view to simple generalization, immutable and frozen misleading, easy to "ignore" contradictory and opposite many contained within each culture views and positions, and arguing with each other these different viewpoints and positions and mutual influence on the culture of self perpetuation and has the decisive significance. As everyone knows? "The Confucian culture had a" hundred "contention period, cultural phenomenon and the concept of" India culture "impossible to generalize it should contain a large number of the opposite, it has multiple views and multiple world of God from the beginning. "Islamic culture" nor a "monolith", from the beginning of Islam is in a different legal system and the basic methods of different as the symbol, it always is composed of many not mutually friendly or hostile factions. Professor Senger Haas think, the most surprising is the concept of "Western civilization", seems to imply that the enlightenment movement, individualism, democracy, human rights, religious freedom, diversity, freedom of speech, equality between men and women. But these features are not western (or Europe) inherent in civilization, they are in Europe over the past few centuries the unique historical conditions began to form. Even in the western world also had thought differentiation process, the enlightenment also attracted strong opposition against the ideological liberation and modernization of Ideological and political trends.
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