China cultural revival

Date of publication:2008-3   Press: Academic Press   Author:Li Haibin   Pages:183  
Summary

The first chapter philosophical interpretation of China culture this chapter tries to complete the following work: first, in the comparison of Chinese and Western culture in the context of the basic view of this paper; the second, on the basic concept of culture is the comprehensive analysis of all elements of culture; third, the China culture to "lines" from the perspective of comparison between Chinese and Western cultures in order to clarify, portrait Chinese culture. At the completion of the three work at the same time, this paper is to grasp the following points: first, the basic concept of culture, focus on the concept definition; second, in the comprehensive analysis of culture, focus on the concept of interpretation; third, in order to better enhance the perspective on Chinese culture, at the same time, also to the west culture of Baimiao, aims to highlight the characteristics of their own culture China comparison between China and the west. Therefore, this chapter: the abstract concept start, gradually to the specific image Chinese culture production, namely "culture" -- "elements" -- "Chinese culture". The concept of culture as "the first section in the context of Chinese and Western poetry not reach Gu", "culture" is not fixed, it is more like a conversation starter, benevolent, wise men can find his to speak topic from. To Platon's wisdom to find what the United States, finally only one conclusion "beauty is difficult". They therefore sighs with emotion: want to express a concept did not own ability of expression is not wise. Me say "road to road, very road", "road" can only sense, not speaking, when you try to say, have you back "Tao" and "Tao" fallacy of Chi, thousands of miles. However, the existence of "beauty", "road" does exist. For thousands of years, although they are not enough to release, people tried to search for ultimate answers. As with the "beauty" and "road", "culture" is such a concept, although no one has ever been able to say it, but everyone can really feel its existence, although no one has ever been able to give itUniversally accepted definition of a new interpretation, but every salutary. The following will use comparative method, on the west, cultural discourse system and the concept of the outline, and gives us the culture, China culture in general understanding and interpretation. Oriental discourse interpretation, a culture of the past 100 years, the Oriental discourse interpretation of culture, Oriental philosophers disagree. Liang Shuming thinks, culture is just a kind of national life, life is not as intended. Hu Shi agreed to his point of view, however, he takes Dewey's "experience naturalism" and "Instrumentalism" epistemology to explain the "life", "life is just that biological adaptation to the environment". Yin Haiguang believes that "culture is a blend mode. It is also the mind of life long formed by the reaction of behavior pattern". ① he thought "the most fundamental cultural significance, but in the formation of the common people to keep healthy attitude to life. The political, economic, scientific, technological and other, to take root, in the common life of perfection attitude digestion. ② yu think, the so-called culture, "which is a national way of life, is the main aspects of mental life, such as thought, academic, religious art, key, and especially in the 'way' two words. All ethnic groups have roughly the same spiritual life, such as religious, academic, artistic and so on, but the 'way' is different." The Yu Ying Shih also from popular in recent years in the west of Vico and Herder's cultural concept, stressing that only the individual specific culture, but no general, abstract culture. The above argument, or from the relation between culture and politics, economy and to grasp, or to grasp from the national culture and tradition, or from the static structure of culture is analyzed, from the point of view or hand function of cultural interpretation. Both sides from different angles, reveals the basic connotation of culture. This paper thinks: from the angle of semantics, China text is the sound meaning one word, but the meaning is given priority to, belong to the semantic language. In ancient Chinese, "Wen" and "lines" can teaches, "text" is the "lines" of the phonetic loan characters, therefore, "Wen, namely lines". "Paper" is intended to etched in ceramic vessels and make it beautiful. "Culture" is modified to meet the aesthetic purpose, this concept can be a process of verbs, but also is that the results of the noun. "Book of changes" copulative "? Said:" heaven and earth Yinyun, all things alcohol; and the essence, human culture "," judging from the astronomical Ezer time-varying, judging from the humanities into the world." This is China early to define culture under the one. In fact, compared with modern Chinese two syllable word, ancient Chinese more monosyllabic words, "text" is such a unique connotation of monosyllabic words. In Confucius there, "Wen" and "quality" is a category of relative: "Wen Sheng quality of the history, quality wins Wen Zeye, the ornamental and the combined plain properties, and then a gentleman". Since the Qin Dynasty, Chinese like more people Tak to property, such as "mountain" and "thick and do not move," gentleman "benevolence" virtue analogy; with "water" and "went without delay" metaphor "Zhi de;" gentleman "pottery, porcelain" wind ", such as forging cut such as grinding gentleman personality" metaphor grinding process. Confucius for "the ornamental and the combined plain properties" of the paper is a kind of "Peter", his "Peter" said to open a Chinese culture relies on "moral discourse system" to explain all of the precedent. In short, "culture" is to give the object and content in fine form. "Book of changes" in a hexagram called "Ben", said this is the meaning of. Therefore, in this sense, culture is the formal, this is the "text" of the verb meaning. The derived meaning "beautiful", is an adjective, it in the Chinese language and the "Ming" word form focus: the same adjectives that Ming, Ming wen. From the semantic point of view, culture is a verb noun, is a representation of the dynamic process, diachronic concept; civilization is a composite of adjective noun, is static, that the results of synchronic concept. Therefore, the relation between culture and civilization can be so expressed: because of the "culture" and "civilization", "culture", "civilization"; "culture" and "civilization" is a causal relationship in logic, from the time perspective is not the order, but also produce and carry out, is the correspondence between the dynamic the. On this basis, the definition of culture: culture which can express a certain geographical, historical and through rheological behavior and way of thinking, the sum of certain ethnic groups. The mode of thinking, behavior is the form and appearance, namely "crew" way, i.e. what; thinking mode is the motivation and purpose of behavior patterns, namely why and how. The definition of civilization is the sum of _: fixed regional, national, historical evolution through a material civilization and spiritual civilization. Geographical and temporal carrier of history culture and civilization, national implementation subject to their. For thousands of years, including Chinese, Oriental, has its unique discourse system and ways of expression for the various views expressed their culture. Accustomed to thinking of Chinese, or to the Oriental mode of thinking strange Westerners, they may be on the discourse system and ways of expressing feel strange, but in fact, compared with westerners, expression of the east culture than Westerners lack what. Two, western discourse interpretation of culture from a philosophical perspective, culture is a concept. The Latin culture (Culture) the meaning of the word "farming", the extended meaning of "culture", it is a concept of denotation and connotation is extremely rich. Culture's intention and one of its derivative agriculture (agricultural) semantics closely habits, Cicero and other Latin writers used it to describe the cultivation of soul and mind, this is the extended meaning of culture. Because even the fertile soil, if no one to cultivate, like the lush wheat grow some worthless barnyard grass. Similarly, the human spirit without training, also won't have good results. The alleged culture in this sense, very close to the Greek to enhance the people's personality, taste and judgment for the content of the education, also to develop Devin "". Visible, "culture" is a dynamic word. In Latin there is a word "civis", as a root derivedThe "city (Cheng Bang)", "civilize" (Enlightenment), "civilization" (Wen Ming). In view of the "rural", "agriculture" as early as in the "city", "commercial", therefore, culture (Culture) a word contains history limit than civilization (Wen Ming) the history limit to early; similarly, while "culture" and "civilize" are "education" means, but a one is the "people" and "the beast" group separately, one is the "barbarians" and "Wen Ming" to distinguish. Therefore, these two words are still contains the historical sequence of different content and accumulation history. The above analysis of the culture or civilization, is analyzed from the angle of etymology, in modern times, Western philosophers for cultural interpretation continues. From seventeenth Century the German jurist Pulao Dov established the concept of culture, scholars on the connotation and extension of culture launched many arguments, the formation of a number of schools. As Taylor thought "comprehensive culture is as a member of society needs of knowledge, belief, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits" (E.B.Tylor, Primitive Culture (Lodon, 1871) VII, P7). The definition of this analysis is no longer confined to the denotation and connotation of the concept of culture or civilization, but deep interpretation of culture or civilization itself. The middle of the twentieth Century, USA cultural anthropologist Klobe on the basis of summing up the past, is presented for defining culture acknowledged: "culture is a kind of architecture, including the implicit or explicit within a variety of behavior patterns, passed through the symbol system of acquisition or; core information culture from the historical tradition; culture has internal structure or a clear stratification plane, has its own rules." If the definition of culture introduction to define cultural Kroeber does, then: first of all, from the horizontal perspective, "culture is a kind of architecture, including the implicit or explicit various internal behavior mode", we put this sentence is amended as: "culture is a kind of architecture, including implicit mode of thinking and the explicit behavior", so that more clearly: culture is a kind of architecture, its inherent mode of thinking in the structure of cultural text is "hidden culture" or "cultural connotation", and its external behavior constitutes a cultural text external structure is "culture" or "cultural phenomenon", therefore, culture can be defined as: "culture is a kind of architecture, this architecture is the sum of the mode of thinking and behavior patterns". Secondly, from the longitudinal aspect, as the sum of the mode of thinking and behavior patterns, culture is "the symbol system of acquisition or transfer; core information from historical and traditional culture".......
Catalogue of books

Abstract: in the first chapter China Cultural Philosophical Interpretation of the first day of Chinese and Western culture in the context of a cultural concept, Oriental discourse interpretation of two, the culture of Western discourse interpretation of section second of the concept of culture, cultural concept of a comprehensive analysis of the level two, culture three, the basic elements of the analysis of the related problems in section third of the China culture, cultural differences, and the basic characteristics of two basic ways of thinking between the three, and ultimate value orientation between the second chapter China cultural transformation motivation section "globalization" trend and the trend of globalization lies, approached two, expose the globalization lies in section second "Chinese Renaissance" reality and nihility a the rejuvenation of the nation, was two, two from the three cultural renaissance, Renaissance and Renaissance Festival third "modernization" halo and a trap, cultural transformation necessity two, China culture "weak heel" the third chapter China cultural transformation of history and logic of the first section of the Chinese Empire and its cultural fading, the history of the theory of the fair two, "The real death in Wanli" three, the Empire in the Ming Dynasty, Ming Dynasty in four culture second China decadent culture transformation historical dimension, Chinese a modern three cultural transformation in two, three Chinese contemporary cultural transformation in section third China culture transformation logic dimension, "- shaped not God" "western" two, "real name is death." "west of" three, "developing" and "historical materialism" the fourth chapter two modernization and cultural support section of western modernization and cultural support, western modernization mode two, cultural philosophical reflection section second Oriental modernization and cultural support, Oriental modern mode two, cultural philosophical reflection fifth chapter China modernization mode and explore the first day China modernization model, exploring a modernization model to explore the history of the two, the Soviet model: Chinese mirror section second Chinese modernization model case analysis, beyond the "South of Jiangsu model" two, "Wenzhou model" and analysis of the third section model of modernization "Chinese characteristics", "China characteristics" of the historical enlightenment of the two, "Chinese characteristics" necessity, "three China characteristic" the possibility of the sixth chapter Chinese culture comprehensive innovation first day of historical materialism, historical materialism "culture to explore the effect of two, China" historical materialism "victory" in section second Chinese characteristics and theoretical analysis, China characteristics cultural exploration two, Chinese culture guiding ideology third festival culture comprehensive innovation view, "comprehensive innovation" two, the definition of "comprehensive innovation" direction three, "comprehensive innovation" principle four, advanced culture and well-off society seventh chapter Chinese cultural transformation positioning section times and times, a tendency the cultural transformation of modern confirmed two, contemporary cultural transformation of the three inclined section second ideology and ethnicity, ideology and the guiding ideology, ethnic identity and two identity third festival culture transformation orientation and countermeasures, China cultural discourse conversion two, cultural transformation policy suggestions @##@ bibliography. This book from the angle of cultural philosophy as the basic starting point, in order to grasp the commonness and individuality of different national culture from the deep, especially in the "cultural globalization" and "cultural localization" combination of background, in China modernization process, grasp the basic characteristics of modern Chinese culture transformation. The China Cultural Philosophical Interpretation of cultural transformation, China motivation, Chinese cultural transformation in history and logic, the two modernization and cultural support, China modernization mode and exploration, China culture innovation, China culture transformation orientation etc..
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