In the modernization of Hankou culture and entertainment industry

Date of publication:2005-6   Press: Hubei Education Publishing House   Author:Fu Caiwu   Pages´╝Ü365  

Since its inception in 1861, Hankou turned from traditional commercial town into a modern city. With the change of structure of Hankou social economy, culture and entertainment also change, in this social conflict began from the tradition to the modern transition. Occurred in the entertainment industry, all changes the organizational structure of the actor audience relationship changes, economic rational growth, influence and even to the development pattern of Jianghan Plain culture art, are included in the process of modernization of Hankou city. In the macro view of the modern Chinese, modernization of Hankou culture and entertainment industry was given a new explanation and value. "In the modernization of Hankou culture and entertainment industry (1861-1949)", the rise of Hankou in late Qing Dynasty, has been completely different from the agricultural era of Jianghan Plain such as Jingzhou, Xiangyang, Ezhou and other traditional regional culture center, it makes the whole Jianghan area formed the economic and cultural network of radiation to Hankou as the center, fundamentally change the Jianghan Plain track traditional art varieties of conventional development, parallel development pattern from other city in Ming and Qing Dynasties, Hankou and Jianghan Plain, to the centralized development mode. Popular culture in Jianghan Plain on the entertainment style began to focus on Hankou, and some failed to enter Hankou, excluded from the urban process form of entertainment, then began to decline and the elimination process. The rapid development of commodity economy since the late Qing Dynasty, also caused the intense commercial competition in the cultural entertainment market. The business competition is a competition for a specific culture and entertainment variety, it makes the modern city culture and entertainment style than in the agricultural society "speed much faster than" cross. A kind of cultural entertainment style can occupy the market competitive advantage, not entirely by Gao Huo art artistic value low value itself around, it is subject to the level of economic development, regional culture characteristics, population structure, political environment and other factors.
Author brief introduction

Fu Caiwu, born in 1966, associate professor, School of history and culture of Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan University postdoctoral. In 1989, in the provincial cultural relics administrative departments engaged in art education, management, cultural management, arts management, culture management research, cultural industry for ten years. In 2005, director of Institute of Huazhong Normal University culture industry of Hubei Changjiang publishing director of the Institute of strategic group. In recent years, has completed the national art science and social science of Hubei Province, the focus of the fund projects 5, to assist the host (editor in chief) to complete the focus of national and provincial social science fund 6. Published works "literati elegant language" (co authored), "Chinese belief and worship", "transition period of performing arts groups reform mode" (co authored), "art education management" (co authored), "Hubei cultural history, art history" (co authored), published more than 40 article, was awarded the 2004 annual Hubei Province outstanding social science achievement award two.
Catalogue of books

The research object of study order introduction Hankou entertainment industry and its structure, culture and entertainment industry (a) entertainment, entertainment and cultural entertainment (two) Hankou culture and entertainment industry, culture and entertainment industry in Hankou, the connotation of the two phases of the problem three, modern Hankou culture and entertainment industry research review four, Hankou culture and entertainment industry on the theoretical framework of (a) two research approaches of modern culture and entertainment industry (two) formed the study structure in modern Hankou culture and entertainment industry the first chapter the rise of Hankou and Jianghan Plain culture art development pattern of fission, the opening of Hankou and the economic and cultural center of the (a) the formation of the modern economic and cultural center of Hankou (two) culture and art of fissile pattern: from parallel to the birth to merge and inoculation on mass culture and entertainment industry concentration two, society of Hankou (a) the formation of Hankou civil society (two) the rise of the new theatre (three) construction and establish the second chapter into public recreational and cultural diversification era in Hankou, opera stage maturity and decline in modern communication system (a), ensemble and the formation of Han (two) opera on the stage in Hankou mature ( Three) the decline and the reform of two Han, Chu opera in Hankou (a) local opera into the difficult course of modern urban (two) urban culture of Chu of the transformation and the promotion, "three new" stage in Hankou (a) the two climax of Hankou modern drama development (two) after the 1927 drama fade out and four, the transfer of modern film industry to schools (a) the emergence and development of the Hankou film industry (two) an epitome of the Hankou film industry: Chen Songlin and the Shanghai Grand Theater five, teahouse and quyi (a) Hankou teahouse (two) Hankou art third chapter public park and the modern Hankou entertainment industry the tortuous development, "a new market of Hankou:" pioneering and development (1919.5-1926.12) two, "Snow World": the political and cultural center of revolution (1926.12-1928.5) three, the people of Hankou Park: and the shaping of public entertainment management mode (1928 5-1930. 12) four, Xing Ji "new market": the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the private system the (1931.1-1938.10) five, Ming Kee "new market": the occupation Management (1938.10-1945.11) six, and write "people's paradise": the reception and maintenance (1945 11-1949. 6) the fourth chapter on the relationship between the government's administration of cultural entertainment fifth chapter of modern Hankou culture and entertainment leisure on mass culture entertainment development and the city modernization process in the bibliography.
Chapter excerpt

The formation of modern citizen stratum, is closely linked with modern urban population increase, Hankou from the feudal town to modern metropolis, and open port after expansion of the urban population size inseparable. Before 1840, three towns of Wuhan population has roughly 300000 people. The uprising of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, three towns of Wuhan into battle. The Taiping Army Wuchang accounted for three, four grams of Hankou. Three towns of Wuhan population because of the war and decline. Xianfeng ten years (1853), Hankou town has a population of about 100000 is a bit low, about 100000 people in Hanyang and Wuchang. Hankou port in 1861, Hankou entered the period of rapidly rising population. Guangxu fourteen years (in 1888), up to 180980 people. Compared to before the opening doubled in 1853. In 1908, reaching 244892 people. XuanSeries three years (in 1911) to 590000 (at the beginning of Wuchang city for 182345 people). From before the opening of 100000 to the end of Qing Dynasty Xuantong three years ago to reach 590000 people, more than half a century, the population grew by nearly 6 times. From 1911 to 1913, due to the flood affected, especially the Wuchang uprising, when Yang Xia, Hankou urban population fell sharply, according to the report, the population of Hankou is reduced to 200000. 1913. Hankou City Police Department statistics has a population of 229976 people. 1914 to the beginning of 1937, Wuhan second growth period for the population. Due to the development of later in the first World War and the 30 in Wuhan industry commerce and city construction, labor demand, coupled with the natural growth, population is growing fast. 1923 "Chinese Yearbook" has been set for 850000 people in Hankou (Wuchang City 250000). In 1928, three towns of Wuhan city has a population of 850000 people. In twentieth Century 20 time end, Wuhan city has a population of nearly 1000000 people, to 1930 the population exceeded 1000000 mark. Up to 1284787 people in 1934, up to 1290280 people in 1935 (Feng Zhi). From 1938 October to 1945 Wuhan occupation, population decline. In 1939, three towns of Wuhan of only 457912 people, to 1942 rose to 1258069 people.......
Media attention and comments

...... I have strong interest in reading Dr. Fu Caiwu's manuscript "in Hankou in the process of modernization and cultural entertainment (1864-1949) -- historical investigation in Hankou as the main body of the Chinese entertainment industry modernization."....... This book deals with modern Wuhan economic structure, Wuhan political and cultural environment, various artistic style evolution. Research project of Dr. Fu Caiwu is trying to modern Wuhan as a fulcrum, as a city of cultural industry of modern entertainment and leisure industry development path inspection market system from a historical perspective, provide examples of regional research a more typical of the cultural industry in the field of microeconomics. -- Zhang Kaiyuan
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