The lecture Chinese ancient cultural history

Date of publication:2004-1   Press: The Open University of China press   Author:Wang Li   Pages:343  
Preface

Culture, generally speaking, both material culture and spiritual culture belongs to the superstructure, and the social development level of material production (strictly speaking is the level of productive forces and social) adapted to the nature. China ancient culture, is the material culture and spiritual culture Chinese slave society and feudal society period. China museum exhibits, the unearthed cultural relics, such as the Paleolithic stone, jade, bronze, pottery, porcelain, iron, currency and so on, have explained the problem. Chinese history text Oracle, stone inscriptions, many previous works written laws and institutions and agricultural knowledge, knowledge of astronomy and so on, also illustrates the problem. Of course, Chinese ancient culture is very splendid, is brilliant. Take the bronze ware, ceramics, silk fabrics, are in the forefront of the world. With the invention of papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, the three is more difficult to reach other nationalities. These cultural achievements are mostly in the the Yellow River River, followed by the formation of the Pearl River Basin in the Yangtze River Basin, the existence and development of culture, China cannot do without such a great soil. And thrive in the soil of the people of all ethnic groups, because of their work and struggle, to have such a long history of the brilliant achievements, they are Chinese creator of culture.
Summary

Culture, generally speaking, both material culture and spiritual culture belongs to the superstructure, and the social development level of material production (strictly speaking is the level of productive forces and social) adapted to the nature. China ancient culture, is the material culture and spiritual culture China slave society and feudal society period. China museum exhibits, the unearthed cultural relics, such as the Paleolithic stone, jade, bronze, pottery, porcelain, iron, currency and so on, have explained the problem. Chinese history text Oracle, stone inscriptions, many previous works written laws and institutions and agricultural knowledge, knowledge of astronomy and so on, also illustrates the problem.
Catalogue of books

Why did Wang Li learn ancient Chinese to learn astronomy of ancient Chinese astronomical knowledge Chen Xiaozhong Ge Jianxiong about historical geography of ancient administrative divisions of the official Tan Qixiang Zuo Yandong and the Li Xueqin ancient ritual and patriarch Ren Jiyu religion and religious studies Xu Jialu ancient calligraphy and painting on the basic necessities of life of Qi Gong Yang Bojun on "the book of songs" Yang Bojun "Zuo Zhuan" shallow talk about Yang Bojun "the Analects of Confucius" and "Ji Shuying" Mencius ancient bibliography on Tang Zuofan learn phonology
Chapter excerpt

Illustration: "five star Lianzhu" gold, wood, water, fire, Saturn five planets and in the meaning of one party. The ancients thought that it is not easy to meet the sky. Later, in the palace the five-star in adjacent to each other is called "bead". The Qing Dynasty astronomical longitude from 45 to five star. Is "Zhu". Due to the implementation of the "Jia Zi, midnight, Shuo Dan, the winter solstice" and "日月合璧, five star Lianzhu" ideal, the ancient calendar company committed to watch the stars. In order to calculate the winter solstice, at once on the same day, will be measured with a standard solar shadow in the daytime, night time observation satellite (namely the meridian star). In order to calculate 日月合璧 and found the causes of day, month eclipse, know the day, month intersection is a solar eclipse in "Shuo", "Hope" is in the intersection of the eclipse. In order to calculate the "five-star bead" note five-star operation, so that the five-star see, V, cycle and retrograde phenomenon. Because of this constant observation and prediction, China has gradually developed calendar. Our calendar is famous four. The first is the "Taichu calendar", developed by the Han Dynasty Luoxia Hong, Deng Ping et al. The calendar with a tropical year is 365 days, the synodic month is 29 days. The calendar in the Han Dynasty at the end, by Liu Hsin to write and explain, renamed the "three unified calendar". The first twenty-four solar term prescribed in the calendar, with no gas month is a leap month, 23 times 日月交食 "three periodic calculated 135 months". For the first time recording star operation cycle. China's ancient all star anterograde (by Xi Xiangdong), Qin Li Shi gold, fire retrograde (from east to West), at the beginning of the Chinese meteorological, is known to have a retrograde five-star. At the beginning of 1974 in Changsha Mawangdui unearthed silk "five-star", recorded only from the first year of Qin Shihuang (246 BC) to the Han Emperor three years (BC 177 years), earth, Venus @##@ wood "Lecture China ancient cultural history (Second Edition)" is compiled by Wang Li, The Open University of China press publishing.
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