The cultural history of Shangyu

Date of publication:2012-10   Press: Zheng Jianqing, Fang Xinde, Zhejiang people's Publishing House (2012-10)   Author:Zheng Jianqing, Fang Xinde   Pages:364  
Preface

The copyright page: in human prehistoric civilization period, the text has not before the invention of human activities mainly through word of mouth from generation to spread. Because of the perishable language, word of mouth in the final written records, and the history of the original will be different. And because the residential mobility of people, the legend will be with the people moved and variation. Even so, this legend itself embodies the spirit will have a significant impact on the local culture, become part of the culture of the. "All ethnic culture in this period of their heroic age." And the world each nation, the Chinese nation has a myth era, not only rich in content, but also formed from the creation, with Jun, Xihe, the San Juan, Yan Di, Huang Di, Shao Hao, Zhuanxu, Diku, Yao and Shun, until Da Yu flood control, establish a complete historical lineage chain of the Xia dynasty. These heroes in the ancient legend has been gradually deification, their life stories of legend, initially only spread in a tribal area, with various exchanges, gradually evolved into the whole the Chinese nation's common cultural treasures, regionally extensive. In the legend, Shun is one of the most critical period in the era of Sheng legend, is also the most abundant contents and perfect personality, historical and cultural influence on the largest one. He is the model fulfill the filial piety, also merit, Shanrang politics loyal defenders, so all regarded him as a sage model. As with other heroes, on Shun legend also spread up and down the river, china. According to the mainstream traditional stories about the legend, Shun is mainly occurred in the the Yellow River River basin. But undeniable, southern Shangyu and Shun legends anthology, and legend of the content appears to be more abundant, has own life series, radiation surrounding areas, has a long history, and the legend of the related characters (such as Huang Di, Tang Yao, Da Yu etc.) characteristics of echo each other, non other regions can be compared. The core of these legends, is Dashun was born in Shangyu, Shangyu is our home. The legend has no academic meaning? The late master of Sinology, the former Hangzhou University of Ancient Research Institute Professor Jiang Liangfu talking about Xi Shi was born to dispute a passage is to give people inspiration: "to discuss birth address problems, also can help local legend. For example: Qu Zi is the people, in the "waterways" and other books, there are about Qu Yuan's legend in several places, and to Zigui for the most specific, or even to the lines into Zigui Zi fu. These folk tales, often have very high value. Some people think that the folklore may be oral archaeology, which have a certain reason." Of course, from the perspective of the historical and cultural perspective, Shangyu is really a "Shun" who in fact is not the key. Shun is a legendary figure, even if there is real, life long, will place the legendary one one and today should be relative, also fear. Rigorous historians such as Sima Qian, wrote "historical records Wudi" feel "the scholars said the five emperors, still. Although Shangshu carry alone since Yao; and a hundred words of Huang Di, the paper is not elegant, recommend Mr. nameless gentleman. Kong Zi preached Zai Yu asked the German and imperial family surname, Confucian or not ". ThereforeHe can only choose their Youya "as the writing basis. That is to say, as early as the Western Han Dynasty, about the ancient times of the argument is also varied, "historical records" in the so-called "Shun, Jizhou people also" such records, can only be regarded as one of the many theories in it, from the historical point of view, not necessarily regarded as history. Similarly, on Shun is not in Shangyu, Yu Shun legends not necessarily happening in Shangyu debate, also has been difficult to do textual research identified. Our concern is that Shun legend in Shangyu, is the Chinese nation the times history lineage is important one chapter; Shangyu for thousands of years the inheritance Shun culture, has a great importance and influence on the local and even the entire Chinese nation spirit culture. Therefore, in the narrative Shun before, it is necessary to make a brief introduction to the Chinese legend of the era.
Summary

In the socialist modernization process, along with the understanding of the value of cultural function, people gradually deepening, the local cultural construction is becoming more and more important position. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out: "the man from the regional culture, comprehensive, system, solid and orderly research history and status of a culture, one can sort out and promote the local historical and cultural resources, prosperity and rich contemporary advanced culture and construction activity, cultural development blueprint for planning and guidance for the future. Enhance the cultural soft power, for the comprehensive construction of a well-off society and accelerating socialist modernization to provide ideological guarantee and spiritual power and intellectual support and force of public opinion; on the other hand, it is also in-depth understanding of Chinese culture, Chinese culture, Chinese culture development and innovation of Chinese culture is one of the important ways." This fully demonstrates the significance of the research of local culture. In the nearly 2800 county-level administrative units in China, Shangyu in size and population, are quite common, but in heavy degree of history and culture, but it can not too much to say is among the best. In order to promote local culture. By the Shangyu Federation of literary and art circles delegate of the History Department of Zhejiang University teacher compiled the "Shangyu cultural history", has been published. I had the privilege of early reading the manuscript, feel this is combined with a narration and comment, say, a research monograph history content and higher cultural taste. It describes the historical process of Shangyu cultural development, especially in the background of many cultural phenomenon placed throughout the Chinese civilization and even the world civilization under investigation, further highlight the status and significance of them, show the following characteristics of Shangyu culture: one is the species rich. In the history of Shangyu, not only has the world famous filial piety culture, a unique culture, far-reaching impact on the literati culture and seclusion culture, and religious culture, love culture, official culture, while culture, some cultural and folk culture, education culture, and studies of Chinese culture and calligraphy, poetry and so on. But in the spirit of culture, and celadon and Cao'e Temple such prominent material culture. Two is a very high level of. Shangyu's culture is not only a variety, and many can be called the history of Chinese culture monument, even a place in the history of world culture, its representatives in the cultural field in the leading position with or is the leader. Such as largeShun is the Chinese sage, Cao E is the representative of China theater. Wang Chong, "Lun Heng" as the Chinese history of thought era masterpiece, Wei Boyang "Zhouyi cantongqi" recorded alchemy activities in the world history of chemistry and metallurgy history are pioneering contribution. Xie An 高卧东山, once built up matchless merit, for the eternity edifying anecdote. Xie Lingyun's landscape poetry to open a new generation of poetry, Zhang Xuecheng of a generation of historians. To modern times, he is a famous master of Sinology, Luo Zhenyu as the originator of the oracle bones, Hu Yuzhi publishing tycoon, Wu Juenong referred to the "sage", feel greatly culture we are all these. The successful firing mature celadon is a great contribution to the world civilization. Three remain unbroken. Although compared to some brilliant but temporary oblivion after local culture, Shangyu culture is not to back and back through time and win, but in form, but after the move, generation of talented people. Not only to a man proud of Shangyu "Shun will officials" and "Dongshan gathering" and "white horse" Chunhui "this three gathering", and in between, especially after Tang and Song Dynasties, though not the formation of cultural climax, but still Li Guang emerged, the "four Representations", Ni Yuanlu, Liu Lv, Liang Guozhi outstanding character, excellent traditional culture still inherit. It can be said that the context since the Qin and Han dynasties after Shangyu, thousands of years, such as the rivers of water, sometimes turbulent waves, sound like thunder, sometimes smooth as a mirror, the song whispers, but on the whole it continuously. After the founding of new China, Shangyu modern culture, such as movie master Xie Jin, is the continuation of the context. Such a profound cultural accumulation, is a valuable heritage of Shangyu people's unique spiritual power, is the incentive of Shangyu people to strive forward. The people of Shangyu are the spiritual milk feeding at the same time, more love my hometown, and return home, especially pay attention to the construction of home culture. After I came to Shangyu to work, have feelings. In twentieth Century ten or twenty, Shangyu Xian Chen Chunlan generously donated 10 times the annual expenditure of a county government has created a well-known north-south Chunhui middle school, has become China's modern education history now, benefit the people of Shangyu so far. After the reform and opening up, Shangyu has a number of hometown cultural community established Shangyu Xian Institute and a number of folk cultural and academic group, the positive development of native culture resources, make get inheritance everbright. By the municipal Party Committee Propaganda Department, Municipal Association and the Committee and the City Federation of literary and art circles and archives administration organizations in the preparation of the "Shangyu celebrity former residence", "Shangyu filial piety culture", "Shangyu local culture series" the local culture and Shangyu local culture, shows the advantages of rich and unique ideas through the unique historical and cultural brand force to promote local economic and social development. At present, the socialist economic construction and cultural construction in Shangyu has reached a new height, is also facing new challenges. We are in the face of new opportunities, the further use of the culture resources, so that the overall development of the society to a higher level. I believe that the "Shangyu cultural history" publication will play a positive role in promoting, and we hope to have the appearance of more research of Shangyu local culture masterpiece. Secretary of the CPC Shangyu Municipal Committee, 2012.4.20
Catalogue of books

The first part (the ancient civilization on the pre Qin period) the first chapter first also hidden stone culture -- not completely kicked off the Shangyu stone culture second chapter also history history of the first section Shun Shun non legend in Chinese legend times of the status and significance of second section of the Shangyu - Shun legends of the node set to third day Shun legends of the significance and impact of the third chapter the rear area - Shangyu economic hegemony, preliminary development of the rise and fall of the first section in second section of the Shangyu development of section third and section fourth is moved into the national pioneering and innovative spirit to inherit and carry forward the second part of the Central Plains culture and the local indigenous culture fusion and innovation (Qin Han Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties) the first chapter Wang Chong and Confucian culture the first section of the Confucian culture spread in Shangyu section second of Wang Chong's life and the third day "Lun Heng" the second chapter E and Shangyu morality culture first filial deeds of section second and section third e e Temple stele of filial piety culture in Shangyu and the influence of inherit the third chapter Wei Boyang and Taoism Dan Ding school initiated the first day rise of Taoism section second eons by Dan Wang third "Zhouyi cantongqi" achievements of the fourth chapter of Xie family and Dongshan The first section of the culture of Dongshan family second sites and fifth chapter Dongshan culture birthplace of the love legend of the first festival legend evolution second festival legend culture connotation and the sixth chapter celadon culture has a long history of the first section of Shangyu celadon production history of second day find, celadon aesthetic third far-reaching extension of third parts -- the ensemble resonance the elite culture and folk culture of celadon culture (Five Dynasties and the Sui and Tang Song Yuan Ming Qing period) the first chapter Shangyu scholar official culture first day since Song Dynasty official education in Shangyu and the imperial examination achievement second famous official third day Daoxu master culture second chapter Shangyu including loss of cultural and artistic achievement of the first section distant context of Tang Dynasty the second section academy culture and Neo Confucianism third unique history we Zhang Xuecheng fourth Ni Yuan Lu and Shangyu art group in the third chapter of Tang Dynasty in Shangyu since the first day of religious belief in Buddhism and Taoism and Taoist temple culture second festival ancestor worship and folk gods belief third Festival Temple Festival fourth chapter public cultural life the first festival of Shangyu local opera the traditional second section of the Shangyu fall Min fourth part of transition and development: change of the modern culture of Shangyu (in the period of late Qing Dynasty) the first chapter introduction: Joint tortuous development of modern Shangyu education third first quarter decline of second private elementary school of study abroad the second chapter Innovation: Shangyu modern art and technology the first vernacular of the rise of modern newspapers chapter second section third in third section of modern science and technology with fourth music and painting Customs: Modern Shangyu second social customs first food festival at the age of solar term in section third chapter fourth wonderful life etiquette culture: the White Horse Lake first cultural festival Chunhui middle school and the school of White Horse Lake formation section second White Horse Lake writer group third White Horse Lake Cultural Characteristics fourth the White Horse Lake Culture Festival of the contributions of the fifth chapter of literary men: Modern Shangyu writers group first Guoxue master Ma a floating second day "on four Hall of Luo Zhenyu third science pioneer Du Yaquan fourth day educational pioneer Jing Hengyi fifth writers Xia Gaizun sixth scientist and educator Zhu Kezhen seventh publisher Hu Yuzhi eighth" tea sage Wu Juenong the Ninth Section infants Educator Chen Heqin tenth civilian politicians Huang Fu eleventh bright stars in @##@ bibliography. "The main contents include: the cultural history of Shangyu" (ancient civilization on the pre Qin period), fusion and innovation also Fei Shi history Shun legends, the Central Plains culture and the local indigenous culture (Qin Han Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties), Wang Chong and Confucian culture, elite culture and folk culture in perfect harmony (Five Dynasties and the Sui and Tang Song Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasties period), the official culture and the transformation and development of Shangyu literati: change of the modern culture of Shangyu (in the period of late Qing Dynasty).
Chapter excerpt

Commissioned by the Shangyu Federation of literary and art circles, few teachers we of the History Department of Zhejiang University wrote that "Shangyu cultural history". The editorial board of the book that the local has many of the local cultural studies scholars is quite deep, but considering the local people to write local history not susceptible to hometown feelings, so I hope we assume the task of writing, to write a realistic, do not exaggerate the kind of academic history. We are not born in Shangyu, but to Shangyu a "hundred miles" to have so many cultural achievements and cultural celebrities Su Huai admiration. Although we Shangyu culture no in-depth study, but this outsider status, perhaps from another perspective, interpretation of Shangyu culture. Therefore, we agree to accept the task. We think, write local cultural history is for the purpose of promoting the local culture, so in the comprehensive Shangyu cultural phenomenon at the same time, focusing on the development of local culture and the skeleton of the carding and summarize it in the aspects of promoting social progress and the role and worthy of spreading characteristics. However, these can only be carried out in full possession of the historical basis of the premise. If there is no clear evidence, it is rather conservative, can not be said head words. For this, both sides agree. Therefore, this book at the time of writing, according to academic norms prevailing. The book deals with the time span of up to 7000 years, dealt with the archaeology, folklore, religion, philosophy, literature, cultural and other aspects, although the heavy task, but we are all as far as possible to draw their own conclusions based on reading the original literature. Or previous results are generally specified sources, or listed in reference section. The book writing style through collective discussion, according to the Shangyu culture in the development characteristics of different historical period is divided into four stages in each stage is one series, each series in thematic chapters. For simplicity, the same content is scattered in various stages in the proper merge processing. Specific writing division, the first part: Li Zhiting, Yuan Xingguo, second: Wu Zhengqiang, New Delhi, Third Series: Du Zhengzhen, Fourth: Xiao Ruping, the conclusion: Chen Rongli. Fang Xinde is responsible for the system releases work, in addition also wrote third parts of sixth chapters, and the chapters of the book was rewritten. In the discussion of Chen Rongli style identification, data collection, and proposed amendments to the. The book received strong support from Shangyu municipal Party Committee Propaganda Department Minister Wang Junyin and Shangyu relevant experts, they also provide a lot of valuable advice, here together to thank. The Shangyu culture is rich and colorful, confined to Literature and the author is not a detail scanty shallow, book must exist. And such deficiencies, welcome readers. In 2011 December
Postscript

"Shangyu cultural history" about the history of Shangyu is not only famous filial piety culture, a unique culture, far-reaching impact on the literati culture and seclusion culture, and religious culture, love culture, official culture, while culture, some cultural and folk culture, education culture, as well as the studies of Chinese culture and calligraphy, poetry creation etc.. But in the spirit of culture, and celadon and Cao'e Temple such prominent material culture.
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