Modern history of Chinese culture

Date of publication:2012-10   Press: Zhonghua Book Company   Author:Zhang Zhaojun, Sun Yanjing.   Pages:437   Words:470000  
Summary

Modern history of Chinese culture is the development and change of Chinese modern culture and history. As the history of Chinese modern culture history "," 1826 to 1956 years of Chinese culture as the object of study, focuses on the historical process of Chinese cultural modernization, the modern new culture growth and evolution of the cultural spirit of the Chinese nation, explore the transformation and rebirth in modern times, through the understanding of the past, to grasp now, enlightening the future. The book by Zhang Zhaojun and Sun Yanjing to draw up an outline and system change, the final.
Catalogue of books

Introduction
A, define the concept of
two,
three, content of a brief history of
the first chapter of traditional and innovative
the first day of the Chinese traditional culture prosperity and crisis.
A, has a long history of Chinese culture.
two, Chinese and Western cultural exchange and China traditional culture crisis
second the mid nineteenth Century Confucianism change
A, Sinology continuity and fading
two, Cheng Zhu was more active
three, the revival of the Confucian classics.
third.
A statecraft ideological trend, the rise of the trend of
two, statecraft content
Fourth Festival "opening eyes to the world"
A, understand foreign conditions
two, Wei Yuan and grumbling "
three, Xu Jishe and the" 瀛环志略 "
four, Hong Rengan and" Zizheng xinpian "
five, translation of modern western science and technology books

second chapter summary of Chinese and Western body between
the first section" Neo Renaissance "
A, science to improve the position of
two official, Zheng Guofan, Neo Confucianism thought of
three," Neo Renaissance "and" Tongzhi ZTE "
second traditional culture reconstruction of order
a moral enlightenment,
two,
three, by encouraging education books
third contest of Chinese and Western culture with" western "theory.
A, westernization movement between Chinese culture and Western
two," in Western sources said
three, the" western "theory
Fourth Westernization Colleges and designated foreign
A, the establishment of new style schools
two,
fifth group of students translating western books and newspapers.
A, translating western books
two, modern newspapers founded

third chapter summary of the new culture
the first festival in China after the Sino Japanese war culture change.
A, modern cultural consciousness of
two," change "has become the consensus
three, with Japan as a normal
second section of Confucian classics and Kang Youwei's reform advocates
A, modern Jingxue progress
two, Kang Youwei and" the new the pseudo test "," Kong Zi conversion test "
three, Kang Youwei's reform thought
four, classics of the controversy between
Third the period of the new culture development.
A, learn the rise of
two, the emergence of new newspaper
three, social political theory translation
four, literary reform movement
fourth section of the ideological trend of the reform movement of 1898.
A, the reform movement of 1898 thought
two, reformers and conservative forces between the cultural debate
three, the reform movement of 1898 thought characteristics and significance of

fourth chapter summary of the ten years of the cultural change in
the first section of the Eight Power Allied forces invaded China after the Chinese culture change.
A, the Qing government's cultural policy adjustment of
two, reform and revolution thoughts agitate
three, Chinese culture and psychological changes.
second the abolition of the imperial examination system and the class differentiation.
A, the abolition of the imperial examination system of
two, the class differentiation in
third modern education system and the formation of the new intellectuals.
A, modern education system
two, the formation of the new intellectuals
Fourth reconstructing knowledge system.
A,. Die into the western
two, the emergence of the new discipline of
three, new vocabulary input and the vernacular movement onset
fifth "national essence" and "Europeanization" contend for the
a quintessence school and cultural advocate
two, European School and its main point
three, Chinese School and the European faction of the debate and the harmonic

fifth chapter five four summary of the new culture movement.
section in the early Republic of China cultural idea renewal
A, Republic and democratic trend was
two, culture of the Republic of China new weather
second "five four" period of education reform.
A, in the early Republic of China education changes in
two, "five four" period of education reform.
three, new educational ideology dissemination and education groups emerging
four, regaining education rights movement
third literary revolution and the Enlightenment of
A, "New Youth" Founding and new culture camp formation
two, new cultural movement early thought innovation
three,
four literary revolution, New Culture Camp split
fourth section of the New Culture Movement Period Thoughts and Literature
of debate,
two socialism, anarchism
three,
four debates between eastern and Western culture, science and philosophy between
five, five four new culture movement of the significance of

sixth chapter summary of the Nanjing national government period. The culture construction and culture movement
the first section the education of Nanjing national government.
A, the three people's principles of education, the reform of educational system.
two
second day of Chinese modern science foundation
A, humanities and social science building
two, Natural Science Foundation
three, Central Research Institute founded
third left-wing culture movement
A, revolutionary literature starting
two, "the Chinese League of left wing writers" set up
three, the left wing literary activity
fourth section of the country social nature and social history.
A, Chinese social controversy over the nature of
two, Chinese social history
three, debate and regression of
fifth section of the new life movement.
A, the origin of the new life movement
two, the new life movement to
sixth day Chinese culture construction.
A, "China based cultural construction declaration"
two, "culture" and "Westernization" faction of the argument
summary
seventh chapter in Anti Japanese War Culture
the first day of the cultural invasion and the enemy occupied area colonial culture of
A, the Japanese cultural invasion.
two, pseudo Manchuria's colonial culture.
three, clearance of the enemy occupied area colonial culture.
second section of Kuomintang's Anti Japanese war culture.
A, national spirit mobilization
two, the modern new Confucianism and national cultural renaissance
three, migration education in China and difficult development of
four,
third day war literature and art movement in the Anti Japanese war culture.
A, the Communist Party of China's Anti Japanese war culture advocates
two, the cultural and educational
three, the literature and art movement

eighth chapter summary of the new democratic culture
the first section of the Marx doctrine in the early dissemination of China
A, the Marx doctrine into China, "five four
two "During the Marx doctrine spread
second section of the new democratic culture system founded
A," the Marx doctrine in China "put forward
two, the new democratic culture system was established.
three, the new democratic culture system of the basic connotation of < br > Third the promotion of the new democratic culture.
A, Yanan the rectification movement and the Yanan Forum on literature and art speech
two, the new democratic culture of the practice of
three, the new democratic culture
fourth section of the new democratic culture toward victory.
a," Mao Zedong thought "of the proposed
two, the new democratic theory program
three, the new democratic culture victory and the development of the
four, the new democratic culture to socialist culture transition

ninth chapter summary of academic and social culture.
the first festival history.
A, traditional historiography in the modern progress of
two,
two the rise of new historiography, the rise of Marx historiography.
second literary and art
first, literature
two,
third Art Festival
a religion, Christian
two,
three Buddhist, Taoist
Fourth festival culture.
A, people life
two,

social fashion of postscript
Chapter excerpt

The copyright page: illustration: it can be said that the world sent to the fate of love, to the Qing government under the rule of the social long-standing disease were sharply criticized. They reveal the dark reality of official corruption, economic decline, arms lax, moral decay. They pointed out that the Daoguang period is "day to night, sad wind suddenly to faint when the deep. Zhang Mu put the social features and orifices is still not the dying patient, pointed out that "the party 今良 method in kindness, everything. Like the people, facial features and is hand foot still is, and close the orifice is ineffective, motions are sluggish, as a subject, rather than four, tarnished so far." On the whole, before and after the Opium War the World Party criticism of social reality is not only a comprehensive and sharp and profoundThey hope to awaken, rulers, to promote social change. The 2 reform malpractice Jingshi Group actively explore ways and means to solve the masses. According to their traditional change idea, advocated by the "reform" to achieve the reform objective. Gong Zizheng said: "a progenitor of all the disadvantages, and you are popular, and give it to Jin reform, or if the self reform?" Wei Yuan stressed that "the change of ancient and more completely, more convenience." Statecraft school reform advocate, first concentrated in practical affairs and people's livelihood are closely related, especially the more serious problem of water transport of grain, salt, river, many agricultural policies on the body. The Qing Dynasty government, mainly through the Grande Canale to south grain north. Because the agencies responsible for water transport in the collection, transportation and warehousing and other links repeatedly changed hands, layers of exploitation, the south grain north daunting, become a tyranny of the Qing dynasty. Jingshi group in order to improve the deficiencies Cao far, actively advocated by sea instead of river. As early as in Jiaqing Dynasty, Chen's in the "sea south Cao discussion" in an article once proposed, change the river for shipping, transportation business change, and advocated in the north "the Guan Tun" rice, change the south grain north transport situation. Lin Zexu in the "Fu water discussion" also advocated in the promotion of rice, fundamentally eliminate Cao. In 1824, the then governor of Jiangsu Tao Shu again put on sea. Wei Yuan wrote "successively in 1825 and 1827 article" and "raise Cao Cao report raised" generation, and governor of Jiangsu He Changling wrote "maritime case sequence", "marine case postscript", "Dao Guang", "said bingxu shipping system for complex Wei Fu shipping book", "Fu Jiang Tang on Nan Cao Shu" text, positive for shipping. Later, the Qing government according to these recommendations, change the river for shipping, can greatly save the Qing government spending.
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