"During the Ming and Qing Dynasties of Chinese and Western cultural exchange history: the Ming Dynasty, convergence and differentiation (volume one)" covers more than 70 years ming to Nanming history, through the analysis of five groups of contradictions, explain the essence and characteristics of cultural exchange. They are, Jesus of "heaven" and "God" of the title debate, the Ming Dynasty scholar bureaucrat in a dividing line between the "Nanjing Massacre" and compilation "Chongzhen Almanac", Fujian and Zhejiang middle lower class to support or reject Christian struggle, different Christian sects around the Chinese rites controversy, Liaodong during the war of the introduction of opposites and stop the American artillery and artillery division. All these show that adhere to reflect the culture of peace and equality of the complementary principle, with the intensification of the cultural differences and lead to conflicts of plot, as Matteo Ricci era, the focus of the different political forces and sectarian strife, and throughout this period the Shi Xiansuo calendar.
Shen Dingping, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences History Research institute. The publication "during the Ming and Qing Dynasties History of Sino Western cultural exchange - Ming Dynasty: the adjustment and communication" (the commercial press in 2001 2007 edition, Revised Edition).
Introduction the first chapter China Mission succession supervisory establishment and Jesus internal debate section Matteo Ricci Successor Selection and establishment of Jesus in the second quarter will of "heaven" and "God" of the title debate section third China "day", "God" and the west side of main (Deus.God) religious identity and the differences and complementary fourth Trigault maintenance strategies whereabouts and contributions of the second chapter of Buddhism and Christianity struggle with the "Nanjing Massacre" the origin, evolution and influence of the first section of Buddhism and Christianity to the vertical and mutual interests section second "Nanjing Massacre" on the eve of the interaction between the two sides and the changing nature of the third section "Nanjing Massacre" broke out, with the effect of the third chapter "Chongzhen Almanac" compilation and European scientific revolution affected the political calendar and the traditional calendar corruption second "with the western law based" Chongzhen repairing plan third day European scientific revolution with Chinese traditional science paradigm change section fourth. Super and strong principles and ideals and the old and new calendar for the fourth chapter Christianity and Western In Zhejiang and Fujian provinces spread first Hangzhou Zhejiang Christian Center in eastern Zhejiang scholars and Western influence in Fujian section second Aleni's missionary activities and Christianity in third section construction of Fujian Christian will be the core of the lower middle scholars and characteristics of Fujian and Zhejiang fifth chapter of Confucianism and Buddhism to Christianity, Western rejection and "towards the holy smite evil" of the publication of the first day in Fujian, as the main body of the lower anti Christian struggle second Fujian and Zhejiang Confucianism and anti religion forces combined with "towards the holy smite evil" appear
The establishment of the Ming Dynasty's character of the view of section second Ming Yi Xia, the so-called "" Hua Yi Zhi Sheng ", and" merits eternal "Albert, ① undoubtedly correct rope Song Jin and Yuan Yi Xia views paranoia and, to a comprehensive, and even the comprehensive practice of Kong Meng Yi Xia views, offer the necessary conditions. In addition, the Mongolia nomads from the north have been mainland farming civilization threatened, the defense strategy of long-term formation, prominent conservative and restrained tendency. So, overall and conservative, became the basic features of the Yi Xia views. They mainly displays in three aspects. First, the Yi Xia views features and formed under the guidance of defense strategy. The Ming Dynasty pursued "Jing day ancestral", so the ideological orientation and Emperor Taizu and Taizong and initiatives, laid the foundation of the theory and policy for future generations of rulers. As Zhu Yuanzhang in the year before the founding of Wu (1367 AD), as the troops on the Northern Expedition and promulgated the "Qilu Luo Yan Qin Jin Yu thistle people Xi" (also known as "Yu Zhongyuan Xi"), then soaked with Chinese nationality consciousness of Kong Mengyi summer view of respecting and hatred. Xiwen although that, "since the song he tilts, Yuan: in China, the world outside, not not surrender, this is human, it is divine." However, the surface recognition ":" in China's so-called "divine", but for its circulation has a new owner, Zhu Yuanzhang "Gong day retreat" Northern Expedition "to restore the Han Zhongyuan official dignity", a foreshadowing do. Wen said: "the ancient cloud: Hulu shipped without a century, check today, the letter between not absurd. When this time, operating cycle, the Central Plains and fit, trillion, when born saints, expelled once more, the restoration of China, Li Gang Chen Ji, relief, the people...... To effectively done, blind since ANN, wish to send troops North group by Krupp, save the people in misery, Weiyi complex Han officer." Needs to be pointed out is that the awareness of the Chinese nation and the destiny emperors mentality so unassuming, entirely in the theoretical framework of Kong Mengyi in the summer of. Kaizong Akiyoshi: "ancient emperors Xiwen Lin Yu world, China lives for barbarians barbarians outside the home, to serve the Chinese people, with no rule the world also." Then, to denounce the "冠履倒置" of the crime, the first order in the ethical confusion and monarch, couple of old and young. To the end, declared: "cover my Chinese people, days will command the people of China to Ann, where the government is the people! Er people the body. Such as Mongolia, color, not the Chinese people, but with the life between heaven and earth, can right for people, and the people of China who is." ① in China such as outer barbarians, "the distinction between each other and, this is the traditional Yi Xia views usually claim. And that Mongolia and Semu people non Chinese species, as long as the acceptance of Chinese etiquette education, when reared with China People's commitment, apparently Han Yu (Yi) "into China then China" is flexible, which contains the Chinese Rites assimilation alien. This is to clarify the difference between Yi and Xia, comprehensive and outstanding civilization effect of discussion, it is regression and reproduction of Kong Meng spirit of integrity, has a guiding policy significance. Since then, for the above principles, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty have further elaboration. First, the Yuan Ming Dynasty, his cloth with the world, belong to fate or providence. As Hu Yuan said: "in China, and abandon...... The day tired, to lost their normal. Combined rate Chinese scholar, Fengtian by Hu, Yasunaka Natsu." The said: "I have poor...... An army six Division to the authority of the world? But should augury, heaven, all cloud from a generation King house while the main people." ③ more said: "I this cloth in order to have the world, real by fate." And there is no doubt that in the past the Yi Xia views, such as the day of Yi Xia said, five transfer, augury, all with the transcendental mystery. But Zhu Yuanzhang will revive the Yi Xia regime change and the Chinese rites, all attributed to the intention of God and Providence, this not only strengthen the property of traditional Yi Xia views of mystery and religion.......
Shen Dingping compiled the "Ming and Qing Dynasties History of Sino Western cultural exchange - Ming (convergence and differentiation of up and down)" covers more than 70 years ming to Nanming exchanges between the East and the west, through the analysis of five groups of contradictions, revealing the essence and characteristics of cultural exchange.
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