Chinese cultural history of lock

Date of publication:2012-5   Press: Intellectual property press   Author:Ye Dabing, Ye Liya   Pages:213   Words:252000  
Summary

Ye Dabing, born in 1928, pen name old army, Zhejiang Wenzhou. Former deputy director of the Wenzhou Municipal Cultural Bureau Federation, vice chairman. Director of China Folklore Society executive director, adviser, vice chairman of the Zhejiang provincial adpl. The current director of Wenzhou folk culture, folk custom research center of Liaoning University part-time professor, adjunct professor of Wenzhou University. Published over 30 books, tens of thousands of words. The "outstanding book dictionary" the custom of China won the fifth session of the "golden key" award and the first prize in Shanghai city; "vulgar", "sea of the sea area" two popular books won the top prize of Chinese folk art - Flowers Award and the Zhejiang province social science research excellence award. After 1988, go out of the study and the application of theoretical research results of folklore in social practice. Has helped relevant departments and enterprises established China's first button Museum, Museum of Chinese shoe culture and China a cultural exhibition hall, also published a "China button" (cooperation), "Chinese shoes culture dictionary" the two book.
Ye Liya, born in 1953, female, college degree, associate professor of social sciences. Chinese Folklore Society members, Lucheng District of folk literature and Art Association vice chairman. To explore the subject involved in "a dream of Red Mansions" folk custom value, the investigation is completed in Wenzhou folk and folk beliefs. Compilation of "Chinese custom dictionary", "dictionary of Chinese shoe culture", "Wenzhou arts and crafts", "Lucheng district records: Folk volume" and other books; publishing history "wife" (won the fifth "China folk literature and art Shanhua prize, Second Academic Works Award"), "hair and hair folk", "China buttons" (both in Zhejiang province by the folk literature outstanding theoretical Award), "a dream of Red Mansions customs bond", "Chinese shoe" five monograph.
Author brief introduction

The copyright page: illustration: some roots ornaments bas relief nake pattern, human faces and volumes, a hole and the two side holes communicated end drill. Hole wall is smooth. Tip over smooth, convex edge one side. Jade is ivory white, porcelain surface after polishing. 4.55 cm long, 1.2 cm wide and 0.7 cm thick. Some in the root end edge cut out a small gap, the roots have a small hole diameter of 0.3 cm, large small, line side drill. All were incised Xianwen 12 and 13 weeks. Jade white, are semitransparent, 5.8 cm long, 1.8 cm wide and 0.35 cm thick. Some roots are parallel right hook and a small hole. All decorated nake pattern, apex pinnate fine patterning decoration, decoration extends to the edge of a broken line phenomenon. Jade is white, 4.1 cm long, 1.5 cm wide and 0.17 cm thick. Also useful turquoise, turquoise, local pits. The body slightly bent, the middle section of arris, oval, is flush, end of the inclined holes, lower end of a cone. 4.8 cm long, 1.4 cm wide and 0.9 cm thick. In addition, collected by our late famous jade expert and collector Fu Zhongmo two pieces of the Warring States period jade 觿, a texture of jade Brown ooze, 6.3 cm long, weighs 8.7 grams, this is carved head, body engraving pressure implicit moire. Another piece of the Warring States Steller 觿, jade, brown core ma Qin, 9.1 cm long, weighs 13.5 grams, the tusks tiger jaw, jaw hanging silk, bamboo pattern with a fine line engraved in the body. In the middle and late Western Zhou and a bone 觿, dedicated to untie the knot of the car. This bone 觿, bone, 13 cm long, upper diameter of 2 x 2.8 cm, lower sharp. 觿 upper sides are incised text (like straight Oracle) 觿 back engraved "car", but said that its use is the solution of the rope on the car. The car was a rope, 靷, bridle, habenula, leather, have threatened flooding, all nodes. This 觿 for car is special, so the inscription to differentiate from the inscriptions font, when in the late Western Zhou dynasty. The latch and wooden lock according to the history, the latch has been fitted with a Zhou Dai residence, known as "the banisters, 扊 扅" and "a shift", refers to the latch. On the "扊 扅", then there is a vivid story: Qin Mugong, Baili Xi Chu people in thrall. Mu five sheepskin from Chu to redeem the 20 year old Bai Li Xi, with thought, grantThe government made Qin Dazhi, become a hegemony. Bai Li Xi Qin 相时, held a feast day, play, music hall. At this moment, a woman he hired, he understand rhythm, then give the Qin Fu string and song. The song a total of three songs, including a song: "Bai Li Xi, Wuyang skin, have not, enjoy V female, cooking 扊 扅, today is rich of ecstasy......" Bai Li Xi interrogate the situation, but the 故妻, so they can be broken. Future generations was legendary, and name the song as "扊 扅 song". Here the "扊 扅" refers to the ancient wooden door door latch, i.e.. The song "-- 扊 扅" Bai Li Xi, was very poor, even the burning firewood are not, the couple had to use wood door wood for cooking food. "Zuo Zhuan": "foreign not shut". Shut the door from outside the door. That is outside the door is not closed, that is not on the bolt. "The book of rites • ceremony song": "the door, have seen, going into the households was shut, blurring of vision not back." "Lushi chunchiu • Jun Shou": "that shut not to hence, outside not into that closed." Can be seen at the time of shut the door from outside, refers to a door, or finger inserted close to the windows and doors shut doors and windows. "Chuang-tzu wins Qie": "will want to open a trunk to steal exploration of stolen and for fielding, there must be taken with solid 鐍 Teng, shut, the secular knowledge (wisdom) is also called." In order to advance against those who open the window, pocket, pry cabinet thief must converge and sealed tightly enclosed pocket, the windows and doors are locked firmly cabinet. Here is shut in, windows and doors, from the inside to close doors and windows. 鐍, refer to the locking button ring with cabinet, is saying to the doors and windows cabinet lock fastened. At the time of the bolt, also refers to the door on both sides of the nail on a hollow batten. The door is closed, the root length of wood, on the left and right cross on two wood, played by bolt the door. Such people outside can not come in, it may be later wooden lock predecessor. Spring and autumn when the folk in addition to latch, there are wooden lock. This wooden lock has been greatly improved, but also is a hole in the cork screw, round hole is arranged on the lower two logs, with about two feet of the copper key, no key lock can not be opened, the lock has the secret performance, according to legend, the lock is the ancient craftsmen invented by Luban. Legend has it that the fifth Century BC famous craftsman Kung Shu pan (Luban), he put the fish shaped key old unreliable Z shaped instead, rely on this most perfect parts (like the lock bolt invention), then all the staff do not need. But when the lock object has not been found, the literature on many records. Bronze lock was born in China in the Shang Dynasty (16 BC to eleventh Century BC), is a highly developed bronze age. The Bronze Age Archaeology, is an era following the copper age after. Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin, a copper low melting point, high hardness, convenient for casting. At that time, our country has established state of slavery, a well-developed agriculture, handicraft industry, and have a word. But the bronze sacrificial utensil and drink is mainly used to manufacture large, rarely used for the lock, therefore has not yet found the Shang Dynasty unearthed copper lock. To Zhou Dai, bronze manufacturing industry has been further development and improvement. Archaeological materials show that during this period, in addition to follow Xi, wooden lock, people have used copper lock, and lock, lock and silver gilt. Simple and unsophisticated bronze lock, appears in the Zhou Dai, lock is arranged in the sheet spring, the relationship with the elastic locking and unlocking the key to geometry and a spring leaf.
Catalogue of books

A Chinese history of the development of
the first chapter lock locks the start-up period (the Neolithic period to the Xia and Shang Dynasties)
the first lock the origin of
second the oldest key - wrong, Xi
third wooden lock was
fourth section brass key puzzle
second chapter lock development period (Zhou Dai to the song and Yuan Dynasties)
the first section of the Zhou Dai lock
second sections of the Qin and Han Dynasties lock
third section of the Wei and Jin Dynasties lock
Fourth Sui and Tang Dynasties lock
fifth section of the song and Yuan Dynasties, lock
third chapter lock boom (Ming Qing)
the first section of the Ming Dynasty
second lock in lock
third minority lock
fourth chapter of modern manufacturing the preliminary period (1911-1949) method to make
the first foreign lock
second descendants of festival, lock industry rise
third traditional lock still in the transmission of
b article China locks process
the first chapter lock technology process
the first section first lock
second tumbler device invented
third day spring using
Fourth lock material
fifth broad lock
sixth Combined with
third locks accessories
C article lock and cultural @##@ lock structure
seventh key usage and function of
species and changes of
second chapter lock first lock uses
second section of the lock and modern application technology The book is a collection of hundreds of pictures of Chinese lock, lock culture on Chinese made careful combing. Is a Chinese cultural history.
the lock. Provide valuable information for China lock manufacturers and lock the collection lovers.
Chapter excerpt

"China lock cultural history" for the most of the Chinese lock culture information, book illustrations, which does not pan debut lock pictures, worthy of preservation and collection of collectors.
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