"Modern interpretation" Chinese thought tradition is the second after the "scholars and China culture", with the consent of the famous Chinese scholar Professor Yu Yingshi, academic papers and a compilation into his set. These papers, not only reflects the authors as a in western culture has a wide and deep understanding of the profound social thinking history expert, tries to analyze the universality and objectivity to some of the problems, to grasp the value system Chinese culture, so as to achieve an overall on the properties China cultural understanding of academic style, but also reflects the deep concern for social modernization Chinese and sober reflection.
Yu Yingshi, Princeton University, Taiwan American emeritus professor of central academy. Also wrote "force", "obedient to intelligence test history and thought", "on", "Dai and Zhang Xuecheng China intellectual history: ancient articles", "history and tradition", "Shi", "Chinese culture and modern Confucian theory", "Chen Yinge's poetry evidence" etc..
From the value system Chinese culture on modern significance Chinese cultural reconstruction problem of anti intellectualism and Chinese political tradition -- on Confucianism, Tao, method three political thought, and convergence "Royal Bailey hill" under the monarchical power and right -- "anti intellectualism and Chinese political tradition than" theory from the China tradition look at the issue of academic freedom -- Hongkong "Ming Pao" monthly 100 Memorial answer the reporter asks the Confucian "gentleman" ideal from the Neo Confucianism in the Qing Dynasty the development history of thought -- Song Ming in the tradition of Confucian intellectualism in Qing Dynasty thought history a new interpretation of the academic thoughts in Qing Dynasty history important concept explanation of modern development and the dream of Red Mansions Revolution -- an academic analysis of "a dream of Red Mansions" two world -- the ten anniversary of Chinese University Hong Kong, the May 4th Movement and Chinese traditional afterword
Digest Mencius himself to continue and greatly exert the Confucius spring criticism spirit. Many of his ideas, such as "people are expensive, followed by state, the king of light." Such as "Wen Zhu a Fu Zhou, also was the regicide." And so on, in Chinese political ideological history is always shining. The Qin Dynasty unified, PhD, Confucian scholar, "use the past to attack the present", "each with its learning and politics", it is also a concrete manifestation of the spirit of criticism of confucianism. In fact, the original spirit Confucius later Confucian had not cling to spring and Autumn period, their criticism is not confined to the "treacherous ministers and traitors", even if is the unification of the emperor also within the scope of the criticism. Dong Zhongshu said: Zhou decline waste, for the average Confucius Kou, princes hurt, doctor back, Confucius know words do not, do not Tao, two hundred and forty-two years, that the world instrument. As emperor, retreat, please doctor, in order to reach the king only. ("Shihchi Taishigong preface lead") Dong Zhongshu "as the son of heaven" from the ram, and ram home is neat; the early Han Confucian Qi Xuezhong has insisted criticism spirit, such as Xuanyuan solid students "Tang Wu revolution" theory is "a concrete manifestation. The emperor". Dong Zhongshu seems at this point and the solid having thought origin (see below). The Western Han Dynasty Confucian scholar more quoted the five virtues theory, denounced the hand has been bad, want handi imperial sacrifices position in sage. The most obvious example is the Zhao Emperor (78 BC) and the Sui Meng Xuan di (60 BC) cover forgive because letters made Shanrang kill death. This is particularly "play down the emperor" the spirit of the most high. After the Eastern Han Dynasty, Confucian theory of Shanrang has left hand, become the theoretical tools right his usurper, intellectuals and dare not say "down the son of heaven". The spirit of Confucian politics was a setback, but in the Eastern Han Dynasty to the long period of Ming, several large-scale political protest and social protest movement Chinese intellectuals launched, it is still influenced by the Confucian "traditional common people politics". Donglin movement Han students too Qingyi and Ming is the two most notable example. We can't see the influence of Taoist and Legalist in this movement (after detailed reasons). In seventeenth Century, Huang Zongxi said: the school so the raising, but the ancient sage, its meaning is not only the. Will rule the world with all out of school, and the school was prepared....... The emperor is the emperor is not necessarily, the non may not. The emperor was not self is not, and the public is in its non school. So keep for one of the school, and the school not only for raising and set it. ("Daifang Lu · school report") Huang Zongxi to people not to the emperor was wrong, and the emperor did not dare to self is not, this is the Western Han Dynasty Confucian "spirit demoted emperor" of the resurrection. He also believed that schools should not only raise and, more should be political criticism is non place, which of course is to further play the ancient "and the spirit of the common people". According to the "Zuo Xianggong thirty-one years" cloud: Zheng Renyou in the village school, with the ruling. But the Ming that Zichan day: how to destroy the village school? Sub days: what? Lady day and visit here, to discuss the good or not. The one I will do; the wicked ones I was changed, my also. But he ruined? I smell 忠善 to loss of resentment, not smell 作威 against complain. Not great, but still anti chuan....... Zhong Ni Wen is the language, Japan: people that Zichan numbness, I do not believe it is. Huang Zongxi is visible to the ancient "village school" for his school ideal place to send, and his "government" spirit is the birth and Confucius to. In his view, the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Song Dynasty imperial Qing Yi so students politics is commendable "three generation legacy". Huang Zongxi obviously didn't want the intellectuals have become emperor domestic political tool; Dong Lin and complex social spirit is still alive in his mind, he will afford the political task of criticism of intellectuals. Conventional wisdom of the Confucian school was one of the most systematic arrangement in the hands of Huang Zongxi. Anti intellectualism Taoist and Legalist three Taoist political thought, although there are many similarities with Confucianism, but in dealing with the intellectual and the question of the intellectuals is just standing in the opposite. The Taoist natural light culture, for wisdom and knowledge is not important. But the old, Zhuang two with is different: Chuang-tzu isn't interested in politics, it is argued that government interference in the lives of the people better, less the kind of "quietism". In his "fallen limbs, to smart, from Moses to shape" as the "period" ("master"), this was anti intellectual. He added: "the 讵知 I called the known non not evil? Yo Chigo called don't know not know evil?" ("equality of things") it into aTheory is not kind of relativism to. But he said "don't know" in addition to "know", "knowledge" is not yet fully abandoned, but to go beyond the "knowledge". So the basic position of Chuang-tzu can be said to be a "beyond the anti intellectualism" (transcendental anti-intellectualism). But Chuang-tzu did not put his "beyond the anti intellectualism" applied to the aspect of political thought. So we can say, Chuang-tzu's thought of hereafter politically anti intellectualism has no direct influence. But not me. Me a book can be said to a political ideology as the main body, and Chuang-tzu basically is a philosophy of life completely different to work. Tell me "Inaction", in fact, his focus is on the "all", but thanks to the "Inaction" appearance. Oxbow's anti intellectualism and political influence to me as the initiator of evil. Me anti intellectualism in speech are directly aimed at political and hair. Let us give several important examples: therefore the sage, empty their hearts, real the abdomen; weakens their wills, strengthening their bones. To make the people have no desire to ignorance, as did not dare husband, Eph into it, not dead. The vast St. abandon knowledge, the benefit of the people a hundred times. People more intelligent, and evil things grow up. For non Ming people, will I also. The people of refractory, with its knowledge. The knowledge (rule) state, the state is also the thief; to know knowledge (rule) state, the state of Germany also. (according to the above quotation is based upon the tomb unearthed in Mawangdui a "me" a and B, two this explanation, see "relics", 1974, 11) this is me openly advocate "illiterate", because of his deep understanding of people, once you have sufficient knowledge and there is no way to control the. Me "saints" to the people "the belly", "strengthening their bones", this is very clever, because the stomach does not fill will rush into danger, and physical health are not not to go to war or labor. But the "saints" but never people have the freedom of thought ("empty their hearts") and firm will ("weakens their wills"), because of the two kind spirit weapons, people will not be easy to adhere to the "saints" laid down the policy or route. Me "saints" will not generally people have the knowledge, or even unwilling to subject have too much knowledge. So me said: not yet Xian, so that people do not fight. "Shangxian" the Mohist ideas, Confucian advocated "virtuous" and "appointing". This is corresponding to the national political competition situation and the Warring States period. The result is caused by their own (i.e., knowledge and talented people of high power). Me not only to "in order to know Zhibang, state is also the thief". He certainly doesn't want to see because of the government's "Shangxian" caused by people's talent competition. Obviously, this competition is bound to make people more and more "Ming", rather than the more "fool". Me not to encourage people and subject knowledge, but his "saints" is know everything; "saints" has seen through the top secret political art. Because the "Saint" with Trina Chandler. Me: Saint constant unintentionally, for people heart to heart. Confucian "as self FTV day, day to listen to the people themselves to listen to the" concept of primitive Christianity, western also has Vox populi Vox Del (the voice of the people is the voice of God).......
Order Yu is a famous overseas Chinese scholars. His papers ", and China culture" and some articles, aroused widespread concern and the repercussions at home was printed. In order to make the domestic readers a more comprehensive and in-depth understanding of Mr. Yu's academic thought, after his consent, we select a representative he discussed in the target culture, various issues, published. Recently, enthusiastic readers cultural discussion, can see Mr. Yu original views on this problem from. In order to meet the needs of domestic readers, we will book translation and domestic interpreters are united, and the individual words were deleted. "China study overseas series" editorial board in June 30, 1988
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